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Weight-loss surgery likely to cut heart disease risk among adolescents

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New York, Jan 8: Bariatric surgery may cut the risk of heart diseases in adolescents who went through the procedure, according to new research.

The findings discovered that bariatric or weight-loss surgery conducted during adolescence likely to provide unique benefits later in life by minimising the development and progression of impaired glucose metabolism, atherosclerosis heart failure and stroke.

“This is the first large-scale analysis of predictors of change in cardiovascular disease risk factors among adolescents following bariatric surgery,” said Marc P Michalsky, Professor at the Ohio State University College in the US.

The study, published in the online journal Pediatrics, was carried out on more than 242 adolescents who were diagnosed with heart risk factors at the baseline.

The results revealed that prior to the bariatric surgery, 33 per cent of the participants had three or more defined cardiovascular disease risk factors.

However, three years post-surgery, only 5 per cent of study participants had three or more risk factors; representing significant reduction in the overall likelihood of developing cardiovascular disease in the future.

“The study demonstrated early improvement and reduction of cardio-metabolic risk factors, offering compelling support for bariatric surgery in adolescents,” Michalsky added.

Apart from weight loss, the surgery also minimised dyslipidemia risk among teens — a condition marked by an abnormally increased level of cholesterol present in the blood, as compared to the older people.

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Lifestyle

Evening walk may not cause sleep issues as previously though

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walk-walking

London, Dec 14: Engaging in moderate physical activity including walking, cycling or jogging in the evening does not cause sleep problems, suggest researchers.

The research challenges previous studies that suggested that sleep quality can be improved by avoiding exercise in the evening.

The findings showed that doing exercise for four hours before going to bed does not have a negative effect on sleep.

However, vigorous training within an hour before bedtime may have a negative effect on sleep.

“If doing sport in the evening has any effect on sleep quality at all, it is rather a positive effect, albeit only a mild one,” said Christina Spengler, Deputy Head from the ETH Zurich in Switzerland.

In the study, published in the journal Sports Medicine, a small group of people after taking part in some kind of sport in the evening, spent 21.2 per cent of their sleeping time in deep sleep, compared to 19.9 per cent following an evening without exercise.

However, those who completed an intensive training session shortly before bedtime took longer to fall asleep.

The reason could be because they were not able to recover sufficiently in the hour before they went to bed. Their hearts were still beating more than 20 beats per minute faster than their resting heart rate.

Although the difference is small, it is statistically significant. Deep sleep phases are especially important for physical recovery, the researchers noted.

“Moderate exercise did not cause sleep problems in any of the studies examined, not even when the training session ended just 30 minutes before bedtime.

“However, vigorous training or competitions should be scheduled earlier in the day, if possible,” said Jan Stutz, doctoral student at the varsity.

IANS

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Lifestyle

Make your tea special this International Tea Day

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Tea International Tea Day
Representative Image

New Delhi, Dec 14: Tea as a drink has come a long way and is slowly established as more than just a usual drink across cafes and restaurants in India. This International Tea Day on Saturday, why not add some variety to your sip by trying some new recipes?

Cheg Gregory Bazire at Brooke Bond Taj Mahal Tea House explains how to make Chocolate Chai Liegeois.

* Chocolate Chai Liegeois (serves 4)

Chocolate chai base:

* Ingredients: 200g couverture chocolate 55 per cent; 40 gram sugar; 25 gram corn flour; 200 gram fresh cream; 200 gram milk.

* Process: Warm the cream and add the chocolate in broken pieces and melt it lowly. Warm up the milk and sugar, add the corn flour and pour into the cream with chocolate. Keep on stirring until thickens; Pour into a transparent cup and reserve in the fridge until use.

Vanilla Cream:

* Ingredients: 250 ml fresh cream; 70 gram icing sugar; 1 vanilla pods.

* Process: Remove the seeds from the vanilla pods and add them to the cream; Whip the cream until good consistency and add the sugar and whip again a little; Keep chilled until use.

So before you enjoy the your liegeois, top the chai cream with a good amount of vanilla cream, add a few chocolate vermicelli and why not a few almond slivers.

-*-

The second recipe is Tea Smoked Salmon curated by Jaydeep Mukherjee, Brand Head at Smoke House Deli, Impresario Handmade Restaurants Pvt Ltd.

* Tea Smoked Salmon (Serves 4)

Ingredients: 4 numbers of Salmon fillet with skin, portioned (160 gm); Salt to taste; Black pepper crushed, to taste; 50 ml Olive oil; Thyme – few sprigs; 2 numbers of garlic crushed; 15 gram butter; 40 gm Organic Jowar, boiled; 40 gm Organic Barley, boiled; 40 gm Organic Bajra, boiled; 40 gm Organic toasted buckwheat, boiled; 80 gm Bellpeppers, deseeded, finely chopped; 30 gm Seaonal peas; 20 gm Parsley, chopped; Zest and juice of 1 lemon; 20 gm onion chopped; 4 cloves garlic chopped; 30 ml olive oil; Lime chili aioli; 300 gm Seasonal greens, cleaned, torn; 4 cloves Garlic sliced.

* To smoke: 100 gm Rice; 50 gm Assam tea.

* Process:

* To smoke the salmon; Score the skin, then season the salmon with salt and pepper. In a heavy bottom wok or kadai, place 4 sheets of aluminium foil, then top with the raw rice and tea. Place on a high heat and wait for it to start smoking. Once it starts to smoke, place the fillet, skin side down on a bamboo steamer or wire rack and place in the wok. Reduce the flame to medium. Cover well with the bamboo cover or wrap in aluminium foil. Keep on the flame for 5 minutes. Then take off the flame and leave on the side covered for 10- 15 minutes.

* Warm multigrain salad – Heat the olive oil in a non-stick pan on a medium flame. Saute the chopped onion and garlic till translucent. Add vegetables and toss quickly. Then add the boiled grains and toss. Season as required. Finish with chopped parlsey, lemon zest and lemon juice.

* Wilted greens – Heat olive oil in a non-stick pan. Add the sliced garlic and cook till a light golden brown. Add the seasonal greens to the pan. Add salt and pepper as required and toss off the flame.

* Assembly – Heat olive oil in a pan. Add the crushed garlic and let it flavour the oil. Remove the salmon from the smoker and place in the pan, skin side down for 2 minutes, or until the skin is crisp. Add thyme and butter, and baste the salmon. Turn the salmon on the flesh side and keep in a warm place to finish cooking to your preferred doneness.

In a plate, spoon the lime chilli aioli. Place the warm multi-grain salad and wilted greens next to it. Place the pan seared smoked salmon on it, crispy skin side up. Serve with lemon wedges and a drizzle of Extra Virgin olive oil.

IANS

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State Assembly results rejection of communal polarisation: JIH

However, Muslim Majlis-e-Mushawarat President Naved Hamid viewed the results differently.

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Jamaat-e-Islami Hind

New Delhi, Dec 12 : Prominent Muslim body Jamaat-e-Islami Hind (JIH) on Wednesday said that the results of latest state Assembly elections, in which the BJP has been dethroned in three states, show that people have rejected communal politics.

It said the ruling party should “pay heed to the people’s mandate” and desist from seeking electoral benefits “by demonising minorities and suppressing the marginalised sections” of society.

“The results are a setback to the communal politics. The ruling party tried its level best to polarise the electorate using communal issues but they were flatly rejected by the people of this country who are more concerned about their day-to-day issues of poverty, unemployment, education and health,” JIH Secretary General Muhammad Salim Engineer said.

He added that the people must continue to “reject those who peddle hate” and vote astutely in the parliamentary elections next year.

However, Muslim Majlis-e-Mushawarat President Naved Hamid viewed the results differently.

“I don’t think the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)’s communal politics has lost traction. Though issues like agrarian crisis, unemployment and demonetisation played the major role in the BJP’s defeat, the party is not likely to abandon its Hindutva agenda,” Hamid said.

“Neither do I believe that these results would have any bearing on 2019 Lok Sabha polls,” he added, also giving credit to the Congress party’s election strategy.

In the Assembly polls in five state whose results were announced early on Wednesday, the Congress defeated the BJP in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh — the cow belt states.

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