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Want to cut food intake? Dine alone

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London, If you are planning to cut down on your daily food intake to get into shape, better dine alone as a new research has found that people tend to eat more with friends and family.

Eating “socially” has a powerful effect on increasing food intake relative to dining alone, said the study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

“We found strong evidence that people eat more food when dining with friends and family than when alone,” said research leader Helen Ruddock from the University of Birmingham in Britain.

Previous studies found that those eating with others ate up to 48 per cent more food than solo diners and women with obesity eating socially consumed up to 29 per cent more than when eating alone.

For the study, the researchers evaluated 42 existing studies of research into social dining. The researchers found that people eat more with friends and family because having food with others is more enjoyable and social eating could increase consumption.

Social norms might ‘permit’ overeating in company but sanction it when eating alone and providing food becomes associated with praise and recognition from friends and family, strengthening social bonds.

The researchers called the phenomenon of eating more with friends and family “social facilitation”.

They found that this social facilitation effect on eating was not observed across studies which had looked at food intake amongst people who were not well acquainted.

“People want to convey positive impressions to strangers. Selecting small portions may provide a means of doing so and this may be why the social facilitation of eating is less pronounced amongst groups of strangers,” Ruddock said.

The researchers explained that ancient hunter gatherers shared food because it ensured equitable food distribution.

In the case of social facilitation, we have inherited a mechanism that now exerts a powerful influence on unhealthy dietary intakes, the researchers said.

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New Mediterranean diet lets you eat meat without any guilt

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Sydney, Dec 9 : Researchers have developed a new version of Mediterranean diet that includes meat to cater to Western tastes and also deliver health benefits.

A typical Mediterranean diet includes extra virgin olive oil, fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, legumes, wholegrain breads, pastas and cereals, moderate amount of fish and red wine, and low consumption of red meat, sweet and processed foods.

The new version of the Mediterranean diet includes 2-3 serves (250g) of fresh lean pork each week.

The findings published in the journal Nutrients showed that the Mediterranean-Pork (Med-Pork) diet delivers cognitive benefits.

“The Mediterranean diet is widely accepted as the healthiest diet and is renowned for delivering improved cardiovascular and cognitive health, but in Western cultures, the red meat restrictions of the diet could make it hard for people to stick to,” said Alexandra Wade from University of South Australia.

“By adding pork to the Mediterranean diet, we’re broadening the appeal of the diet, while also delivering improved cognitive function,” Wade said.

This study compared the cognitive effects of people aged 45-80 years and at risk of cardiovascular disease following a Med-Pork or a low-fat diet (often prescribed to negate risk factors for cardiovascular disease).

The results showed the Med-Pork intervention outperformed the low-fat diet, delivering higher cognitive processing speeds and emotional functioning, both markers of good mental health.

“Improving people’s processing speed shows the brain is working well,” Wade said.

“Then, when you add the fact that pork production emits only a fraction of the greenhouse gases compared with beef, and the Med-Pork diet is really ticking all boxes — taste, health and environment,” Wade said.

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1 in 4 married Indians fear cheating: Survey

Suspicion is the highest in Jaipur, Lucknow and Patna, and least in Bengaluru and Pune.

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New Delhi, Dec 9 : Insecurity seems to loom large over Indian marriages, as a new survey reveals that 45 per cent of Indians want to check their partner’s phone without their knowledge and 55 per cent have already done it.

As per the Hotstar ‘Out of Love’ survey, the suspicion of infidelity is higher in the India’s north (32 per cent) and east (31 per cent), whereas in the west and south, an average of 21 per cent suspect getting cheated on. Suspicion is the highest in Jaipur, Lucknow and Patna, and least in Bengaluru and Pune.

It added that more than half of Mumbaikars and Delhiites claimed to have checked their partner’s phone without their knowledge. Interestingly, people in love marriages feel the need to pry with the figure touching almost 62 per cent than 52 per cent in arranged marriages.

The report also said that women are more mistrusting than men, since more women than men have checked their spouse’s phone.

“There are various types of infidelity; some that happen out of purely physical needs and some where it is more emotional. Cheating is not planned. It happens because humans have no control over their feelings or emotions. Often, they realize there is a void that they are trying to fill which could be either psychological, emotional or physical,” Ramon Llamba – Life Coach, Therapist and Quantum Medicine Doctor said.

Over the past few years, the definition of ‘an affair’ has evolved beyond the physical aspect of a relationship to now include emotional and social media influence as well. “While 47 per cent claim that physical intimacy is the worst form of cheating, 37 per cent feel that way about emotional infidelity,” the streaming platform said in a statement.

As social media dominates personal time, 16 per cent respondents are bothered by social media infidelity, it added.

For the reasons of cheating, not being good enough is the answer of 1/4 Indians, and 1 out of 5 say their partner might be out of love with them. Other major reasons include boredom, financial and lifestyle problems.

When faced with infidelity, what will India do?

The survey revealed that 78 per cent Indians will boldly confront infidelity, whereas almost half of Indians are willing to forgive their partner’s infidelity. Twenty per cent are also willing to forget.

“Reasons to forgive range from acceptance citing it as a ‘one-time thing’, to kids and future holding prime importance or even feeling societal or family shame. Delhi has one of the higher rates of people who will choose to fight but 5 on 10 Mumbaikars will choose to forgive.”

The survey by Hotstar is in partnership with Mindshare and Unomer, and was carried out with 1,088 married respondents in the age-group on 18-64 years from across metros and Tier 1 towns with an equal female-male ratio.

It comes on the heels of Hotstar Specials’ latest show ‘Out of Love’ that deals with the aftermath of infidelity and the myriad choices that people are faced with.

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Watching porn rewires brain to more juvenile state: Study

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London, Researchers have found that watching porn erodes an important region of the brain, rewiring it into a juvenile state.

Studies show people who regularly watch adult entertainment often develop damage to the prefrontal cortex, the brain region that controls morality, willpower and impulse control, according to Rachel Anne Barr, researcher at Canada’s Universite Laval.

The research suggests porn could cause users to struggle with their emotions and impulses, possibly leading to compulsive behaviour and poor decisions, reports dailymail.co.uk.

“It’s somewhat paradoxical that adult entertainment may revert our brain wiring to a more juvenile. The much greater irony is that while porn promises to satisfy and provide sexual gratification, it delivers the opposite,” Barr was quoted as saying. 

With the internet, live-action porn became available on demand. And the demand is insatiable, with 33.5 billion hits on Pornhub, the biggest free porn site, in 2018. 

The thirst for increasingly vivid sex scenes within seconds is so strong that it has, in fact, been a major driver behind technological advances, the study said. 

“Science is only just beginning to reveal the neurological repercussions of porn consumption. It is already clear that the mental health and sex lives of its widespread audience are suffering catastrophic effects,” Barr said.

“From depression to erectile dysfunction, porn appears to be hijacking our neural wiring with dire consequences,” Barr added.

According to dailymail.co.uk, Barr and her team has observed porn’s powerful impact on neural wiring, which can affect human behaviour. 

“The properties of video porn make it a particularly powerful trigger for plasticity, the brain’s ability to change and adapt as a result of experience,” Barr said.

“Combined with the accessibility and anonymity of online porn consumption, we are more vulnerable than ever to its hyper-stimulating effects,” she said. 

In the long term, pornography seems to create sexual dysfunctions, especially the inability to achieve erection or orgasm with a real life partner. Marital quality and commitment to one’s romantic partner also appear to be compromised,” she said.

According to the researchers, porn users may start to see porn as a quick fix for their sexual needs, rather than a person. 

‘The desensitisation of our reward circuitry sets the stage for sexual dysfunctions to develop, but the repercussions don’t end there, studies show that changes in the transmission of dopamine can facilitate depression and anxiety,” Barr said.

The other compelling finding in this study is that compulsive porn consumers find themselves wanting and needing more porn, even though they don’t necessarily like it.


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