Uttar Pradesh’s tree plantation not increasing green cover

Akhilesh Yadav

Agra, May 12 (IANS) When Akhilesh Yadav was the Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister, he set a Guinness world record for planting 50 million saplings in a day. Not to be outdone, last year (2018-19) the present Chief Minister, Yogi Adityanath, set a target of nine crore saplings by August 15.

He had announced that trees rich in medicinal properties and of religious significance will be planted across the state.

What was the net outcome? We do not have reliable statistics on how many saplings survived and how funds were utilized, said a retired forest department official.

“It was an exercise carried out in haste without adequate preparations. The result was most saplings died a premature death.”

This year, the Uttar Pradesh government plans to break all records. The target is to plant 22 crore saplings at a cost of Rs 1,000 crore.

For Agra alone, the target is 28.50 lakh saplings. All government departments have been allotted targets and the state nurseries are busy preparing saplings.

Each year pompous claims have been made by authorities, but the green cover in Uttar Pradesh remains a dismal 9 per cent, against the national goal of 33 per cent.

A green activist in Agra said: “These are paper trees to be found only in files of the government. The ground reality is different.”

Take the case of Agra which is fast turning into a vast wasteland, said eco-activist Shravan Kumar Singh.

“The large-scale construction work going on all around has denuded the landscape of green cover. More roads, more houses, more public projects means reduced space for greenery. The 10,600 sq km eco-sensitive Taj Trapezium Zone has a green cover from precariously low at 1.28 per cent in Mathura district to 6.26 per cent in Agra,” according to Singh.

The issue is not how many saplings you plant each year. Our concern should be to ensure their growth and protect them for at least three years, said Agra Development Foundation Secretary K.C. Jain.

In a letter to the Chief Minister, Jain suggested that the period of planting saplings should be two months and not just one day.

“Also, we must ensure that a large variety of species particularly suited to local conditions are preferred. Bio-diversity must be encouraged.”

More importantly, if 22 crore saplings have to be planted this year at a gap of at least 10 feet, do we have the space in Uttar Pradesh for such a huge campaign, asked green activist Ranjan Sharma.

“We have seen how callously this whole exercise was conducted in a day. So many saplings were found in open areas or thrown in dust bins. Why should funds be squandered in this way?” asked Shailendra Singh Narwaar, a green activist.

Harvijay Bahia, a leading shoe exporter and a passionate tree planter, has successfully developed half a dozen blocks of trees, Neem Vaatikas.

“I make elaborate preparations, involve locals and provide basic infrastructure, then personally monitor the progress. That is how you see clusters of trees in Kendriya Hindi Sansthan, in St. Peter’s College, in Kar Kunj colony.”

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