United States perceive Russia’s and China’s growing clout as grave threat who seek to create a world consistent with their authoritarian models, pursuing veto authority over other nations’ economic, diplomatic and security decisions.
The forces’ of five major powers are constantly changing their postures for the major looming war with new capabilities of their acquiring weapons in space and cyberspace, nuclear deterrent forces, missile defense, advanced autonomous systems, and resilient and agile logistics to equip their high-quality troops to win the new types of conflicts.
Keeping in view the current scenario in Afghanistan, resurgent Russia and the aim to provide 360-degree European, the NATO Military Committee meeting was held in Brussels.
NATO faces changes in Afghanistan and in Iraq, to the east as the alliance deploys troops to deter a resurgent Russia, and to the south, where NATO is working with partner nations to build stability and military capabilities in North Africa and the Middle East.
The NATO leaders addressed issues of security and stability in Europe’s southern neighborhood. “This is one of the greatest transnational security challenges that we face, and one which impacts every nation around the globe,” Committee Chairman Gen. Petr Pavel of the Czech army said.
“NATO’s network of partners, complemented with international organizations such as the European Union and the United Nations, allows us to work more effectively and in a comprehensive manner.
Defence Secretary James N Mattis stated, “North Korea and Iran persist in taking outlaw actions that threaten regional and even global stability. Oppressing their own people and shredding their own people’s dignity and human rights, they push their warped views outward.”
On the other hand the there is a tough competition among global terror groups of ISIS, AlQaeda etc.With the defeat of ISIS in Syria and Iraq, the terrorists of Islamic State of Iraq and Levant are facing prestige issue and are switching their loyalties to Al Qaeda in North Africa and Yemen.
And despite the defeat of ISIS’ physical caliphate, violent extremist organizations like ISIS or Lebanese Hezbollah or al Qaida continue to sow hatred and continue threatening the world.
Concerning the Global Coalition against ISIS and NATO’s involvement in Iraq, the Chiefs of Defence recommended enhanced coordination with the European Union and other international partners as well as the possible adaptation of the NATO Training and Capacity Building activity in Iraq (NTCB-I) to better respond to the needs of the Iraqi authorities in the area of defence sector reform.Meetings with Ukraine and Georgia allowed the respective Partner CHoDs to provide briefings on their challenging regional security situations and progress reports on their national defence force development.
The CHoDs recognized the ongoing transformation of the Ukrainian Armed Forces in 2017 and stressed their continued commitment to Ukraine through the Comprehensive Assistance Package. On Georgia, the Allied Chiefs recognized its significant and enduring contribution to NATO’s Operations and Missions, especially to Resolute Support. The CHoDs commitment to supporting the Substantial NATO-Georgia Package was restressed and they noted the opportunity for further NATO-Georgia interoperability.
After assuming power, Trump questioned the value and purpose of NATO, calling the Alliance “obsolete” and as costing us [the United States] a fortune.” But since then US Secretary of Defense James Mattis has made numerous visits to European countries, holding several bilateral meetings and assured that the U.S. would strengthen its traditional alliances while building new partnerships and listening more to other nations’ ideas.
Moreover, the recently-released US National Defense Strategy reaffirms the US commitment to NATO by explicitly focusing on “fortifying” the transatlantic alliance and referring to the US’ alliances and partnerships as“ the backbone of global security”.
By: Arti Bali