The 4 step method to spot a lump in your breast | WeForNews | Latest News, Blogs The 4 step method to spot a lump in your breast – WeForNews | Latest News, Blogs
Connect with us

Health

The 4 step method to spot a lump in your breast

Published

on

breast cancer

March 22 March 22 : India is witnessing an upward trend in the number of breast cancer cases, with an increased incidence in younger women.

Being alert as well as aware of classic symptoms and reporting them to a specialist in time is the most significant factor for a patient to survive; late response and subsequent diagnosis decreases the potential survival of a patient.

Research shows that regular self-examination of your breasts is crucial in spotting lumps or other abnormalities resulting in early diagnosis.

A lump in the breast is one of the early signs of breast cancer and perhaps the most distinguished symptom of the disease; however, not all lumps in the breast are cancerous, says Dr Anand Parihar, Imaging and Radiology Consultant & Founder, Cope with Cancer. Hear the experts explain all in detail.

Excerpts:

When is a lump cancerous?

About 80 to 85 percent of breast lumps are benign, meaning they are non-cancerous. Cancerous breast lumps have a tendency to be more uneven in shape. They are often painless and hard, however, in a small percentage of women a painful breast lump turns out to be cancerous.

Best time to examine the breast yourself:

For menstruating women, day 5 or 6 of your menstrual cycle is the best day to perform breast self-examination. Your hormone levels fluctuate each month during your menstrual cycle, which causes changes in breast tissue. Swelling begins to decrease when your period starts. On day 5 and 6, the breasts are softest and least lumpy.

For menopausal/ post-menopausal/ medical menopausal women – breast self-examination can be done on any day of the month. But it should be done on the same date every month. For e.g., if you performed breast self-examination on 1st of April, so you have to do it on the 1st of every subsequent month.

Detecting lumps in your breast yourself:

To carry out the breast self-examination at home, it is broken up in two parts- a visual examination followed by a physical examination:

Visual Examination

By standing in front of a mirror without your clothes on, place your hands behind your back. Facing forward, look out for wrinkles, dimples or difference in size, shape and symmetry of the breast. Look for inversion of the nipples (turned inward) or any discharge from the nipple. Move on to lifting the breasts, check for symmetry along the bottom and if there are any folds. Lift each arm, one after the other to check for the following symptoms:

  • Change in the size or shape of your breast
  • Ache or discomfort in any area
  • A new lump under the arm or the breast

Physical Examination (4 step method)-

  • The first step is to gently place two or three fingers of each hand under the ears and progressively move them in circles using three different pressures: light, medium and deep. Carry on by moving down in circular motions until you reach the collar bone.
  • In step two, gently press the area between the collarbones and move along the line of collar
  • bone to physically experience any abnormality in the area.
  • Moving on to the third step, stand and raise the left hand, place it behind your neck. Use three fingers of your right hand and start pressing gently towards your armpit from the lower area near the breast. Gently press the area in a small gradual circular motion while checking for lumps. The whole procedure should take no more than 2-3 mins.
  • For the final step, lie down flat on a bed placing one hand behind your head. Your breast should lie as flat on your chest as possible. To be comfortable, place a pillow under the shoulder or back and perform the following:
  • Using the pads of first three fingers, move the fingers in little circles, about the size of a coin.

For each circular motion, change the amount of pressure to feel all the levels of the breast tissue. Make each circle three times- once light, once medium and once deep before you move on to the next area.

  • Begin with circles under your arm and move down to below the bra line. Slide your fingers

over the width of one finger and move up again. Don’t raise your fingers from the breast as you move them to ensure you feel the whole area.

  • Continue the up and down vertical movement pattern from the collarbone to just below the bra line until you reach the nipple.

A breast self-examination can take around 15 minutes. So, give yourself time, don’t hurry, and follow the pattern.

(This article is website exclusive and cannot be reproduced without the permission of IANSlife)

Puja Gupta can be contacted at [email protected]

Continue Reading
Advertisement
Click to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Cities

Punjab to go for Covid-19 rapid antigen testing

On successful completion of the pilot rapid antigen project, which will cover a minimum of 1,000 tests, such testing would be done on the migrants coming back to the state in the wake of reopening of industries and for work in the paddy fields.

Published

on

By

Amarinder Singh

Chandigarh, July 3 : Punjab Chief Minister Amarinder Singh on Friday gave the go-ahead for launching a pilot project for Covid-19 rapid antigen testing from the coming week, as well as e-registration for people entering the state to ensure strict monitoring of those coming from the high-risk NCR region.

On successful completion of the pilot rapid antigen project, which will cover a minimum of 1,000 tests, such testing would be done on the migrants coming back to the state in the wake of reopening of industries and for work in the paddy fields.

The state will procure rapid antigen testing kits to scale up its Covid testing capacity, which is even now higher than the Central government’s mandate of 140 tests per million per day in regions with positivity factor of less than 10 per cent.

With positivity rate of just two per cent, Punjab is already conducting 242 tests per million a day as part of its strategy to check further spread of the pandemic.

Notwithstanding the Centre’s revised guidelines replacing home quarantine for domestic travellers with self-monitoring, the Chief Minister ruled out any such move in Punjab in view of the large number of people coming to the state every day from Delhi and the NCR, where cases were currently spiralling.

He also made it clear that no vehicle should be allowed to enter Punjab without a stringent monitoring mechanism in place.

Amarinder Singh was reviewing the Covid situation and preparedness in the state with senior government and health officials, through video conference.

Continue Reading

Health

Except for Sindh, Pakistan Covid situation improving: Asad Umar

He also urged citizens to remain mindful of the fact that an improvement was only being seen because they were following precautionary measures.

Published

on

By

pakistan coronavirus

Islamabad, July 3 : Pakistan’s Minister for Planning, Development and Special Initiatives, Asad Umar on Friday said that while the country”s overall coronavirus situation was getting better, there was a significant lack of improvement in Sindh, particularly in the provincial capital Karachi.

Addressing a press conference in Islamabad, the Minister said that the the number of deaths, patients admitted to hospitals and patients on ventilators has gone down, Dawn reported.

Crediting this development to citizens following precautionary measures to curb the spread of the virus, Umar said if this continues, the country”s situation will continue to improve.

“However, there is only one area where we are not seeing that much improvement, which is in Sindh, especially Karachi,” he said.

He maintained that to address this, the National Command and Operation Centre team held a meeting with the provincial chief secretary and the provincial health minister and was working on a way to replicate the results in Sindh as in the rest of the country.

He also urged citizens to remain mindful of the fact that an improvement was only being seen because they were following precautionary measures.

“Don”t take this to mean that the pandemic is going away on its own and you can do whatever you want,” he cautioned, adding that a lapse in following preventive measures could cause the number of cases to rise again.

“I had earlier warned that our cases could reach 1.2 million by July end if we don”t take action or follow preventive measures. But because people are following precautionary measures and the administration is also taking action (things have been improving),” Umar added.

Continue Reading

Disaster

Fauci slams lack of unified US response; remains hopeful for vaccine

Asked about how he navigates White House politics, Fauci said his method hasn”t changed since he first stepped into the White House back in the 80s.

Published

on

Anthony Fauci

New York, July 3 : America’s top infectious diseases expert Anthony Fauci tore into the lack of a unified, national response to the coronavirus and warned that a “devil may care” interpretation in wide swathes of America to the re-opening effort is working to the country’s “detriment”.

Speaking at an online Harvard Business Review event Thursday afternoon, Fauci repeated his hope today for a “safe and effective” vaccine by the end of 2020 or by the first quarter of next year. That timeframe, Fauci said, “would be a success”.

Early preliminary data on “several” vaccine candidates are pointing to predictable immune response, Fauci said. “They can induce the kind of response we can predict to be protective”

Explaining his view of “success”, Fauci said America would “gladly accept” a vaccine where the person who gets the shot gets exposed, maybe infected but doesn”t get sick enough to need medical attention.

Responding to questions on a second wave, a visibly concerned Fauci said America is still in its first wave of the coronavirus outbreak.

“We are still in the first wave. Take a look at the curve. It went up, flattened out and now going right back up.”

Infections per day in the US have soared to an all-time high of 50,700, more than doubling over the past month, according to Johns Hopkins University.

Fauci has warned in the past week that 100,000 cases per day won”t be a surprise if things continue in the current trajectory. Much of the sunbelt is now rolling back reopening plans in response to the latest surge in caseload, the highest the US has seen since the domestic outbreak began in January.

Fauci”s comments come 24 hours after US president Donald Trump shifted his stance on masks, saying he likes them because it makes him look like the Lone Ranger and would wear one if he were in a “tight situation”.

Trump has long resisted being photographed in a mask although recommendations to mask up came in early April, via the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Trump”s U-turn comes after the virus has roared into Republican strongholds with 75 per cent of new infections coming from states Trump won in 2016.

Asked about how he navigates White House politics, Fauci said his method hasn”t changed since he first stepped into the White House back in the 80s.

“I”m going to tell the truth and a lot of times, that”s going to be something that person doesn”t want to hear. So you”ve got to be aware of the fact that that person might not ask you back. And what happens if you do that, what happens is that people know that you”re not being partisan one way or the other, you just tell the truth. People respect you and they do ask you back.”

The US leads the world”s coronavirus caseload, with more than 2.7 million people sick and more than 128,000 dead since the first virus-linked fatality in early February this year.

Public health experts continue wringing their hands at the lack of national guidance on preventive measures as zig zag messaging and wild summer parties have sparked an alarming resurgence of COVID-19 in nearly half of the 50 states.

(Nikhila Natarajan is on Twitter @byniknat)

Continue Reading
Advertisement

Most Popular