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Teen Drug Use & Fatality – A “Discounted” Reality




Growing percentage of teenagers getting addicted to drugs in India.The article will assist parents  to notice the possible warning signs of a drug problem in their children.

According to studies conducted in the past few years, children as young as 13 and 14 are regular users of drugs.In Punjab nearly 75% of its youth are addicted to drugs, that’s 3 out of every 4 children.

Although we don’t have conclusive figures on the number of users in cities like Mumbai, Hyderabad and Kolkata, the figures can be estimated to be the same if not higher in some of these cities.

Dr. Vihan Sanyal, a psychotherapist in Mumbai said “The use and abuse of recreational drugs amongst the youth are high in Mumbai. It is not only the wealthy suburbs of the city who have the maximum number of users; it is spread all over our city. One just needs to ask my colleagues working across the city as to how many clients they see a week who frequently use drugs and I am sure that you will find the number being rather high. Many teenagers do not receive the help they require in time, which leads to them committing suicide. India has one of the highest drug related suicides (in the teenage population) globally. Many young adults do not seek help from a professional because of the fear of being labeled or judged by society. This needs to change. Our country is in desperate need well equipped rehabilitation centers. In the current scenario, there are more people requiring rehabilitation than we have centers available in India. ”


The real cause of use of drugs and its addiction is not always clear. We do, however, have a few common factors where the risk factor rises for teens.

These factors are:

· Genetic Predisposition

· Gender – Males are known to be more likely to use drugs than females

· Abusive parents or lack of parental involvement

· Traumatic Events – (victim of physical abuse as a child, victim of bullying, separation of parents, Break up of a relationship, Death of a love one).

· Environment –( Association of friends, family members, community members, exposure level)

· Easy Availability and access

· Mental Illness


The prefrontal cortex, which is responsible for our reasoning ability is not fully developed until the age of 25. Hence, teens are typically high on emotions, are drawn to excitement, to quick gratification and reward without being concerned about the consequences for their actions. Rapid hormonal changes often drive teens towards risky behavior.

Young brains are more prone to damage. Use of drugs and alcohol can result in long term, harmful and irreversible damage to their brains and to their overall health.

Dr.Sanyal explains, “The way a teenager thinks, feels and behaves is controlled my nerve cells in his/her brain. Nerve cells communicate with each other through chemical messengers known as Neuro-Transmitters. One such Nero-chemical is known as Dopamine. More dopamine in a brain results in feelings of love and of happiness. Certain drugs increase dopamine and induce euphoric feelings in the user. The user of the drug starts to enjoy these feelings of “high” and starts to crave for the substance, this is where dependency starts. Soon the teenager becomes addicted to the substance.”


Possible warning signs of a drug problem in teens may include:

1. Non participation in family activities

2. Spending more time alone in the room and especially toilet

3. Frequently asking for money, even stealing money

4. Rebellious or aggressive behaviour

5. Change in appearance and in self care

6. Keeping secrets and lying about outings

7. Constant dazed, confused look, speech becomes faster or slower

8. The youngster becomes lazy and or hyperactive

9. Sudden rise in complaints about attendance and/or behaviour from school

10. Sudden drop in interest in studies and drop in grades

Offering advice to parents, Dr.Sanyal said, “If you have a child who is in his/her teens, please be vigilant at all times about their activities. Many parents discount the idea of their child ever getting involved with drugs. This is the worst mistake any parent can make. Observe changes in behaviour and in their likes and dislikes. Be an “aware” parent. Become your children’s first point of counsel. Don’t worry about what your friends and relatives are likely to think, seek professional help when required. Therapy can work wonders for children. Timely intervention is extremely important.”


“It is important to know the reasons behind the addiction, successfully diagnose and treat the underlining issues which may have led the client to resort to drugs. There are many modalities a trained psychotherapist can use to help a client with an addiction problem. CBT is one such approach. I like to use a combination of CBT and MNLP techniques to help clients to deal with drug addiction. NLP Hypnotic suggestions are useful here to restrict cravings and bring about positive behavioral changes in the individual. Therapists need to be fully aware of the severity and complexity of each case and ensure that the client receives the best possible treatment as early as possible. A combination of medication and therapy is often advised in cases of chronic addiction.”


Bihar Man Carves Out 3-km-long Canal In 30 Years To Irrigate Parched Fields

A man from Bihar’s Kothilawa village has been carving out the canal for the last 30 years that too single-handedly. This will benefit a large number of animals.



Longi Bhuiyan

A man from Bihar’s Kothilawa village of Gaya dug out a canal 3-kilometre long canal single-handedly. This canal carved out by Laungi Bhuiyan will direct rainwater from the hills nearby to the fields within his village. This will help in irrigating the farms and will be beneficial for the entire village.

Laungi Bhuiyan took nearly 30 years to carve this canal single-handedly. He dug out the canal after he noticed that during the rainy season, water falling from the mountains would flow into the river. Bhuiyan found a way to utilise the water. He planned to save the water coming from the mountain by taking the initiative alone and carving out the canal in Kothilawa village in Gaya, Bihar.

Talking about the canal, Lungi Bhuiyan said, “It took me 30 years to dig this canal which takes the water to a pond in the village. For the last 30 years, I would go to the nearby jungle to tend my cattle and dig out the canal. No one joined me in this endeavour… Villagers are going to cities to earn a livelihood but I decided to stay back.”

The Kothilawa village in Lahthua area of Gaya in Bihar is surrounded by a dense forest as well as mountains. Moreover, it is 80 kilometres away from the Gaya district and is known to be a refuge for Maoists. The people of Kothilawa earn their living by farming as well as animal husbandry. This canal made by Bhuiyan will benefit the farmers as well as the animals which means that all villagers will benefit from his work. The villagers took this opportunity to praise his efforts and hard work.

“He has been carving out the canal for the last 30 years that too single-handedly. This will benefit a large number of animals and to irrigate the fields as well. He is not doing it for his own benefit but for the entire area,” said Patti Manjhi a local from Kothilawa.

“A lot of people will benefit here. People are now getting to know him because of his work,” said Ram Vilas Singh, a teacher from Kothilawa village in Bihar’s Gaya while praising the man for his efforts which will benefit the villagers.

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World Alzheimer’s Day 2020: Everything you must know about the brain disease

The theme for World Alzheimer’s Day 2020 is “Let’s Talk About Alzheimer.”




Alzheimer disease

World  Alzheimer’s Day is observed every year on September 21. The day aims at raising awareness and challenge the common stigma that surrounds Alzheimer related dementia.

According to Alzinfo, every 65 seconds, someone develops Alzheimer’s disease. At current rates, experts believe the number of Americans living with Alzheimer’s will quadruple to as many as 16 million by the year 2050.

The theme for World Alzheimer’s Day 2020 is “Let’s Talk About Alzheimer.” The day was first observed in 2012.

What is Alzheimer?

Alzheimer, in simple terms, is a brain disease that negatively affects memory, thinking, and behavior. These changes interfere with daily living. According to the Alzheimer’s Association, Alzheimer’s disease accounts for 60 to 80 percent of dementia cases. Most people with the disease get a diagnosis after age 65. If it’s diagnosed before then, it’s generally referred to as early-onset Alzheimer’s disease.

Symptoms of Alzheimer:

According to the National Institute on Aging, in addition to memory problems, someone with Alzheimer’s disease may experience one or more of the following signs:

  • Memory loss that disrupts daily life, such as getting lost in a familiar place or repeating questions.
  • Trouble handling money and paying bills.
  • Difficulty completing familiar tasks at home, at work, or leisure.
  • Decreased or poor judgment.
  • Misplaces things and being unable to retrace steps to find them.
  • Changes in mood, personality, or behaviour.
  • Withdrawal from friends, family, and community.

Stages of Alzheimer:

  • Stage 1. There are no symptoms at this stage but there might be an early diagnosis based on family history.
  • Stage 2. The earliest symptoms appear, such as forgetfulness.
  • Stage 3. Mild physical and mental impairments appear, such as reduced memory and concentration. These may only be noticeable by someone very close to the person.
  • Stage 4. Alzheimer’s is often diagnosed at this stage, but it’s still considered mild. Memory loss and the inability to perform everyday tasks is evident.
  • Stage 5. Moderate to severe symptoms require help from loved ones or caregivers.
  • Stage 6. At this stage, a person with Alzheimer’s may need help with basic tasks, such as eating and putting on clothes.
  • Stage 7. This is the most severe and final stage of Alzheimer’s. There may be a loss of speech and facial expressions.

Treatment Of Alzheimer:

Alzheimer’s is most commonly identified through patient and family history, and by talking to the immediate family about the presence of symptoms. Also, brain imagining may be suggested to check for beta-amyloid protein deposits. As of today, there is no curative treatment for Alzheimer’s. Drugs are usually administered to manage symptoms and healthy lifestyle changes.

Despite this, Alzheimer’s is one of the most expensive diseases to get treatment for. The global cost of dementia is estimated to be around $1 trillion currently.

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At 7, child prodigy honours literary legacy with first book

They added that the title of the book, cover page and all the illustration are also a part of her creativity.




Abhijita a student of Class II

New Delhi, September 20: Padma Bhushan recipient Rashtrakavi Maithalisharan Gupts and Santkavi Siyaramsharan Gupt’s great grand daughter Abhijita Gupta, who is all of seven years and a child prodigy, has penned her first collection of stories and poems.

The book titled ‘Happiness All Around’, and was launched by Oxford Bookstores’ children’s wing, Oxford Junior in collaboration with Invincible Publishers. Seven-year-old Abhijita, taking after her family’s literary legacy, had started writing at a very tender age of five years.

The collection is an attempt to give children something to read, written by someone of their own age. (Abhijita Gupta – “The little poet”/Facebook)
“Abhijita is a student of Class II and is a third generation writer, to poet duo Rashtrakavi Shri Maithalisharan Gupt and Santkavi Shri Siyaramsharan Gupt. She is an avid reader and very expressive with her pen. She wrote her first story when she was a little over five years. By the grace of goddess Saraswati, she is carrying forward the traits of her forefathers and we hope she extends the legacy of Sahitya Sadan Gharana,” her parents Ashish Gupt and Anupriya Gupta said.

They added that the title of the book, cover page and all the illustration are also a part of her creativity.

“For her, every little thing around her matters: what she sees, she hears, she touches, she smells, she tastes and she feels — constantly soaking in the environment around her. And, her debut book proffers just that – the pure senses and humane values like an elixir.”

The collection is an attempt to give children something to read, written by someone of their own age. The book could prove equally useful for parents of young children, as it gives an insight into the mind of a six-seven year old and what thoughts and things interest her. The writings have been left untouched so that the innocence, mistakes included, of the child are not diluted.

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