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Soybean oil diet may trigger genetic changes in brain

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New York, Widely consumed soybean oil not only leads to obesity and diabetes but may also affect neurological conditions like autism, Alzheimer’s disease, anxiety and depression, report researchers from University of California Riverside, including one of Indian origin.

In a study conducted on mice, the scientists found pronounced effects of the soybean oil on the hypothalamus where a number of critical processes take place. The research team discovered nearly 100 genes – including the ‘love hormone’ oxytocin produced in hypothalamus — affected by the soybean oil diet.

“The hypothalamus regulates body weight via your metabolism, maintains body temperature, is critical for reproduction and physical growth as well as your response to stress,” said Margarita Curras-Collazo, an associate professor of neuroscience and lead author on the study published in the journal Endocrinology.

The research team has not yet isolated which chemicals in the oil are responsible for the changes they found in the hypothalamus.

“But they have ruled out two candidates. It is not linoleic acid, since the modified oil also produced genetic disruptions; nor is it stigmasterol, a cholesterol-like chemical found naturally in soybean oil,” the study noted.

Identifying the compounds responsible for the negative effects is an important area for the team’s future research.This could help design healthier dietary oils in the future,” said Poonamjot Deol, first author on the study.

“If there’s one message I want people to take away, it’s this: reduce consumption of soybean oil,” Deol added.The team compared mice fed three different diets high in fat: soybean oil, soybean oil modified to be low in linoleic acid, and coconut oil.

They believe this discovery could have ramifications not just for energy metabolism,but also for proper brain function and diseases such as autism or Parkinson’s disease.

“However, it is important to note there is no proof the oil causes these diseases,” the authors wrote.

Te same research team found in 2015 that soybean oil induces obesity, diabetes, insulin resistance, and fatty liver in mice. Then in a 2017 study, the same group learned that if soybean oil is engineered to be low in linoleic acid, it induces less obesity and insulin resistance.

The team said the findings only apply to soybean oil — not to other soy products or to other vegetable oils.Do not throw out your tofu, soymilk, edamame, or soy sauce,” said Frances Sladek, a UCR toxicologist and professor of cell biology.

“Many soy products only contain small amounts of the oil, and large amounts of healthful compounds such as essential fatty acids and proteins”.

This study utilized male mice. Because oxytocin is so important for maternal health and promotes mother-child bonding, similar studies need to be performed using female mice.

Coconut oil, which contains saturated fats, produced very few changes in the hypothalamic genes, said the researchers.

Lifestyle

World Rum Day: Diageo brings you cocktail recipes

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New Delhi, July 11 : Celebrating World Rum Day, here are some exciting cocktail recipes you can try at home, infused with ingredients straight from the kitchen, curtesy Diageo.

Khatta Meetha

Ingredients:

  • Captain Morgan Original Rum 45 ml
  • Tamarind Juice 25 ml
  • Ginger Honey Syrup 15 ml
  • Soda Top Up

Method

  • Pick all the ingredients on the list and build it up in a Collins glassware
  • Garnish
  • Top it up with soda and some ginger strips
  • Glassware: Collins
  • The Khatta Meetha is best served with spicy appetizers- Indian or Oriental

Captain Kaapi

Ingredients:

  • Captain Morgan Original Rum 45 ml
  • Black Coffee 45 ml
  • Hazelnut Syrup 20 ml

Method

  • Shake all ingredients well in a shaker and pour it into a martini glassware
  • Garnish
  • Garnish with some coffee beans!
  • Glassware: Martini/Coupe

Fireman

We love our spice, don”t we? Douse those flames with this ice cool Captain”s flavour.

Ingredients:

  • Captain Morgan Original Rum 45 ml
  • Passion Fruit Syrup 10 ml
  • Lime Juice 10 ml
  • Orange Juice 30 ml
  • Grenadine 1 dash

Method

Shake all the ingredients well in a shaker and pour the contents into a hurricane glassware

  • Garnish
  • Mint sprig and some orange slices
  • Glassware: Hurricane

Curry Ru(m)sam

Got some extra curry leaves after making your daal tadka? Throw in some in this cocktail!

Ingredients:

  • Captain Morgan Original Rum 45 ml
  • Curry Leaves 5 – 6 nos
  • Pineapple Chunks 4 – 5 nos
  • Pineapple Juice 45 ml
  • Lime Juice 10 ml
  • Sugar Syrup 10 ml

Method

  • Muddle and shake all the ingredients well in a shaker and pour it into a wine glass
  • Garnish
  • Throw in some curry leaves
  • Glassware: Wine Glass
  • Captain Tea
  • Glassware: Tea Cup: Ingredients:
  • Captain Morgan Original Rum 45 ml
  • Black Masala Tea 60 ml
  • Cream 15 ml
  • Chocolate Syrup 10 ml

Method

  • Shake all the ingredients well in a shaker and pour it into a tea cup
  • Garnish
  • Top it off with some Parle G biscuits!

Captain Morgan Melon Drama

Ingredients:

  • 45 ml Captain Morgan Original Rum
  • 4 to 5 Musk Melon chunks
  • 30 ml Orange juice
  • 10 ml Lime juice
  • 10 ml Sugar syrup

Method:

  • Combine Captain Morgan Original Rum, orange juice, sugar syrup, musk melon chunks puree and lime juice in a shaker
  • Shake for 10 seconds
  • Strain into an ice filled mug
  • Garnish with bits of Musk Melon

Treat yourself! Happy World Rum Day

(IANSlife Features can be contacted at [email protected])

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SC agrees to examine plea on ashrams run by fake babas

The petitioner cited the case of ”Adhyatmik Vishwa Vidyalaya” at Rohini in Delhi, where his daughter had stayed for nearly five years. Following complaints from many girl inmates, this ”ashram” was raided by a court-appointed panel.

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New Delhi, July 8 : The Supreme Court on Wednesday agreed to examine a petition that sought a direction to the Centre to close down the ”ashrams” and spiritual centres run by fake ”babas” who it claimed kept hundreds of women inmates in unhygienic conditions that could potentially lead to Covid-19 outbreak.

A bench headed by Chief Justice S A Bobde told Solicitor General Tushar Mehta, representing the Centre: “Look into this — what can be done. This gives a bad name to everyone.”

The bench asked the petitioner to serve a copy of the petition to the Solicitor General”s office. The top court sought Mehta”s views on the matter and posted the matter for further hearing after two weeks.

Petitioner Dumpala Ramreddy, a resident of Secunderabad said: “Though very serious criminal cases were registered against Veerendra Dev Dixit, Asaram Bapu, Gurmit Ram Rahim Singh baba etc… their ashrams are still being run with the help of their close associates and authorities are not verifying the facilities available there.”

The plea urged the apex court to direct the authorities concerned to frame guidelines in setting up of ”ashrams”, and other spiritual entities in the country.

The petition filed through advocate Sravan Kumar contended that authorities had failed to crack down against fake ”babas” who were allegedly luring innocent people, especially women.

The petitioner alleged that scores of women were forced to stay in the ”ashrams” and given narcotics.

The petitioner cited the case of ”Adhyatmik Vishwa Vidyalaya” at Rohini in Delhi, where his daughter had stayed for nearly five years. Following complaints from many girl inmates, this ”ashram” was raided by a court-appointed panel.

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Can you imagine mental trauma of students, HC asks Delhi University

“So far, 1.58 lakh students have registered for the online examination,” the varsity’s dean of Examination submitted before the court.

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New Delhi, July 8 : The Delhi High Court on Tuesday asked the Delhi University to clarify whether there would be a change in the schedule of the online Open Book Examinations which are slated to commence from July 10.

While passing the said directions, a single judge bench of the high court presided by Justice Pratibha M. Singh remarked: “Can you imagine the mental trauma of a student, how can you expect them to prepare like this?”

The remarks came after the officials of the Delhi University sought more to time to respond to the query of the court regarding any change in the date sheet and schedule of the examinations.

During the course of the hearing, through its counsel Sachin Dutta and Dean Examinations Vinay Gupta, Delhi University told the bench that since the situation is extraordinary, a tentative schedule can only be given.

“Evaluation of papers would begin from August first week and would continue till mid-September and the declaration of results would be done within the said month,” the Delhi University told the court adding that the degree would be immediately available at the time of declaration of results and it would be uploaded online so that students can download it, except in some PG courses where the process is done manually.

In order to show its preparations for the examinations, the varsity informed the court that during the mock tests conducted by it, 4.86 lakh papers have been downloaded and attempted which shows that the students are able to attempt the paper. It was further submitted by the DU that 4.68 lakh files have been uploaded.

The DU further informed the court that there are around 2.45 lakh students who are studying in the final year of the varsity, out of which 1.86 lakh belongs to Delhi and 59,000 students are from outside the national capital.

“So far, 1.58 lakh students have registered for the online examination,” the varsity’s dean of Examination submitted before the court.

Professor Gupta stated that date sheets have already been uploaded on the website and in the online exams, in case the varsity”s portal is not accessible, question papers will be emailed to the students.

If any student is unable to upload the answer sheets due to technical snag, they can also email it to the university and the window will be open for 30 minutes after the exams time is over. Moreover, after the said time limit concludes, a committee will examine the technical glitch and decide whether to accept the answer sheets or not, the DU told the bench.

The court was hearing a petition filed by one Anupam and several students of the final year of the Delhi University seeking cancellation of the examinations in wake of the Covid-19 pandemic.

The plea sought quashing and withdrawal of the notifications of May 14, May 30, June 27 in respect of undergraduate and postgraduate students, including students of the School of Open Learning and Non-Collegiate Women Education Board.

“… the UGC and the Central Government, ought to also bear in mind that the Covid-19 pandemic has resulted in enormous mental distress and agony to students. There are families which are suffering medical illnesses and giving of examinations is not just a technological issue but the state of mental preparedness of the students also needs to be assessed,” said the court on Monday.

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