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Health

SMC issues advisory on prevention of dog bites

Highlighting the high canine population in the city, a local asked how the advisory would benefit the people.

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Srinagar, Nov 3 : Next time you are confronted by a pack of aggressive dogs in the city, the Srinagar Municipal Corporation (SMC) does not want you to run but just cross your arms over your chest and look away, the animal will become disinterested in you!

The SMC, which is often criticised of failing to control the canine menace in the city, has issued this advisory to the people living in the summer capital of the city, where an estimated 16,000 people have suffered dog bites in the past three years.

Published in local dailies here yesterday, the SMC lists various dos and don’ts in its public advisory on dog bites.

“If you are confronted by an aggressive dog, do not run away or scream at a dog. Stand still, cross your arms over your chest and look away from the dog, do not panic and let the animal sniff around you, it will quickly become disinterested and move on,” reads the advisory.

The SMC has asked the citizens to look for a “certain type of body language” in dogs when confronted.

“An aggressive dog may have a wrinkled nose that draws back to reveal its teeth, the hair along the back of its neck may be raised forming a long column along its spine, its ears may lie back, it may growl or snarl, avoid any dog displaying such signs,” the advisory reads.

While the advisory, issued by Veterinary Officer, SMC, Javaid Rather, suggests that children in the age group of four to nine years are the most common victims of dog bites, it fails to mention how a child would determine the mood of a canine especially when confronted by dogs found almost in every part of the city.

The SMC advises people to never go up to a strange dog, and to not let the children alone around a pack of stray dogs.

“Do not look directly into a dogs eyes, they take the direct eye contact as a challenge for power and control,” the advisory further suggests.

The advisory has attracted mockery from citizens and netizens alike.

“The SMC advisory in yesterday’s paper about dog menace sounds like a script from a comic show,” a Facebook user Sardar Nasir Ali Khan wrote in a post.

Another user, Naqash Sarwar, wrote, “That is ridiculous.I wanted to react to post harshly but contained myself. Instead of performing themselves and containing dog population as per norms they tell people do’s and dont’s. They don’t realise that most of the victims of dog bite are children who can’t understand this advisory.”

Highlighting the high canine population in the city, a local asked how the advisory would benefit the people.

“In a place like Srinagar where we almost live amongst dogs, how will this advisory benefit? We need action rather than such bizarre advisories,” Zahid Ahmad, a resident of downtown Srinagar, said.

However, defending the advisory, the veterinary officer said it was based upon the most scientific observations and facts by the veterinarians world over.

“These dos and don’ts are there world over and have been formulated by vets based on most scientific facts and observations,” Rather told PTI here.

He said covering one’s chest with arms is to protect one’s vital organs in case of an attack by dogs.

Rather said the parents have to be careful not to let their children alone anywhere near the places where packs of dogs can be namely around open garbage sheds.

“We should avoid dumping garbage in open places,” he said, adding parents should not be “careless” and should not go towards dogs for fun.

He said the corporation was working on multiple strategies to reduce the number of dog bites.

“Each day Srinagar generates 450 metric tonnes of garbage, which includes 200 metric tonnes of non-vegetarian waste. We are doing our best to control the accumulation of such garbage in open dumps,” he said.

Rather said while the SMC has closed about 350 open garbage dumps in the city, around 300 still remain.

“We have to close all of them and we are in the process,” he said, seeking cooperation from the residents.

Health

Breastfeeding secrets every mom should know

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Breastfeeding

New Delhi, Jan 23: Breastfeeding seems to be a most natural process, but to some, it may be a challenge. Be patient and feed often, say experts.

Mimansa Malhotra (PT), Lactation Consultant and Lamaze child birth educator on behalf of Philips, and Shilpi Srivastava, Lactation Consultant at Mamma Mia, Fortis Memorial Research Institute, list some tips to keep in mind:

* Try to nurse within the first hour after delivery. That’s when your breast produces colostrum, or first milk. It is packed with nutrients in a small amount. And a small amount is just what a newborn needs.

* Feed often to increase supply. The rule is simple. The lesser you nurse, the lesser milk your body will produce. Ensure you are eating well and getting enough rest. You will need both as your body converts your calories to milk.

* Ensure that when your baby is latched, his/her mouth should take in as much of the dark part of your breast, the areola, as possible. The baby squeezes the milk ducts beneath that area to draw the breast milk out. If your baby is only sucking on the nipple, it will pinch and hurt you. Also, the baby won’t be able to get as much milk.

* Don’t be in a hurry to offer the second breast. It is perfectly alright to leave your baby on the first breast until he/she comes off on his/her own and then offer the second breast. Many babies take one breast at some feedings and both breasts at some. Don’t be rigid and don’t be scared.

* As the experts say breastfeeding is a learning process in which both the counterparts are learning, hence it needs a lot of patience and it may take a few days to weeks to master it.

* During the first week, the baby seems hungry all the time as the baby is trying to cope with the new environment and frequent breast feeds will not only help him in adjusting but also help your body to make more milk to meet baby’s demand.

* Breastfeeding is easier with the right help. It is always advisable to seek help from an expert if you are facing difficulty in breastfeeding, because getting the right help at the right time will make lot of difference to your breastfeeding experience.

* Breastfeeding is an art. Lactation consultant or the healthcare provider will guide you about the technique of latching and holding the baby to make breastfeeding more comfortable for you and for your baby.

* Breastfeeding helps in bonding. It promotes skin to skin contact and lets you spend a lot of time with your new born, helping in understanding his cues and requirements.

IANS

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Health

Why mothers’ response to baby’s babbling is important

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mother babbling baby

New York, Jan 21: Do not stop your little ones when they are babbling. According to new research, babies tend to listen to mothers’ verbal languages that further helps them in learning language skills.

Babies organise mothers’ verbal responses, which promotes more effective language instruction and infant babbling is the key, the research said.

Published in the journal Developmental Science, the study maintained that babies modify their sounds to become more speech-like in response to feedback from their caregivers and that they learn things have names by caregivers naming objects.

Researchers recorded and recombined the vocalisations of 40 nine-month-olds and their mothers, using a “playback paradigm”, to assess how specific forms of sounds and actions by infants influenced parental behaviour.

“We expected that mothers would respond more often when babbling was more mature and they did. The increased rate of response meant more language-learning opportunities for the baby,” said Michael Goldstein, Associate Professor of Psychology at Cornell University.

“The mothers’ speech was also more likely to contain simplified, learnable information about linguistic structure and the objects around the baby. Thus, by varying the form and context of their vocalisations, infants influence maternal behaviour and create social interactions that facilitate learning,” Goldstein said.

The researchers also found that mothers responded more often and more informatively to vocalisations directed at objects than those that were undirected.

“We suspected this would be the case because the object the baby is looking at creates an opportunity for the mother to label it, so she’s more likely to respond with specific information than when a baby is babbling at nothing,” said Rachel Albert, Assistant Professor of Psychology at Lebanon Valley College.

“These results contribute to a growing understanding of the role of social feedback in infant vocal learning, which stands in contrast to the historical view of prelinguistic vocalisations in which babbling was assumed to be motor practice, with no function in the development of communication and language,” Albert added.

IANS

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Medical tourism in India on rise

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doctor png-min

India Tourism has been seeing a year on year growth; there has been an increase in domestic travellers as well as foreigners travelling to India. India also attracts patients from several countries for Medical treatments.

Medical tourism or health and wellness tourism refers to the industry where people from across the world travel to other countries to get medical, dental or surgical care and at the same time visit local attractions of that country.

Out of the total Medical tourism across globe approximately 63% is shared between Singapore, Thailand and India with Singapore and Thailand being the leaders in the field.

India has seen a regular growth in Medical tourism traveller’s and from 2013 -2016, the medical visas issued annually has grown from 1.22 lacs to 1.78 lacs.

Following are some of the reasons why people choose India for their treatment:

– World Class facilities and services available in India
– Good qualified doctors
– Cost (Some of the major surgeries in India cost 10-20% of the cost incurred in Western Countries)
– No waiting period for treatments

Some challenges which need to be addressed for patients choosing India as preferred Medical tourism hub

– Improve perception on hygiene and service across the globe
– Ensure quality and service
– Step down facilities for Post Surgical care for recovery. India lacks in centers that can take care of recovery needs post treatments and the patient has to spend more days at a hospital.
– Medical Visa – Procedure to obtain medical visa needs simplification as it can get quite cumbersome as per current regulations

Based on statistics released by the government, Delhi, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu are the top destinations for visitors travelling for Medical tourism. Chennai, Mumbai and Delhi have the large number of quality hospitals and take the maximum share of the pie as of today. These cities have a several hospitals to choose from and offer good connectivity across the globe.

Medical tourism or health and wellness tourism can be divided in to 2 different types:

Curative: This is where the traveller’s come in for specific treatments, a few of the preferred treatments are listed below:

Cardiac Surgeries including bypass surgeries

Knee / Hip Replacement surgeries

Orthopedic surgeries

Cosmetic surgeries

Ophthalmology

Rejuvenation: Traveller’s want to explore the ancient treatments and traditional medicines offered in India and hence they come to India, a few are listed below

Ayurveda
Yoga
Siddha
Yunani
Naturopathy

Considering that we can excel in various parameters catering to medical tourism, our country has tremendous potential to increase our share in the Medical Tourism segment.

Jay Kantawala, Founder of WIYO Travel says, “Medical tourism in India has been seeing a year on year growth in the past decade and is expected to grow 2 ½ times in the coming 8-10 years and become a US$ 1.6 Billion market in coming decade. This industry will get a boost if Visa process is simplified and simple cross border payments. In addition to this we are seeing Health care institutions opting for certifications for NABH (National Accreditation Board for Hospitals & Healthcare Providers) and JCI (Joint Commission International) accreditations, which help in building trust amongst travelers”.

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