Shab e barat, also known as Bara’at Night and Mid Sha’ban, is a holiday observed by various Muslim communities.
It begins in the evening of Thursday May 11 and ends in the evening of Friday May 12, and is seen as a night when the fortunes of men are decided for the coming year.
It is believed that, during this occasion, Allah descends to earth from the heavens and offers mercy to his people.
Therefore, Muslim people will arrange prayers so that Allah can forgive both them and their deceased ancestors.
In India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Iran, this time is referred to as the night of absolution, deliverance and salvation.
In many countries, the meaning of Shab e Barat, also spelled Shab e Baraat, is ‘Night of Innocence’.
People will celebrate by praying to Allah throughout the night, and some will commemorate their deceased ancestors during nightlong prayer.
Some will fast during the day and worship throughout the night, while some may spend just half the night in prayer.
Sweets will be distributed, and Muslim people will ask Allah for blessings and rewards, so they can live a peaceful and prosperous life.
The date is also commemorated by Twelver Shia Muslims as the birthday of Muhammad-al-Madhdi, who is believed to be an ultimate saviour of mankind.