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Rise in breast cancer leading to more ovarian cancer: Experts

“If one has breast cancer, there are 30-35 per cent chances of also having ovarian cancer. And if the person has ovarian cancer, there are 10-15 per cent chances of getting diagnosed with breast cancer,”

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New Delhi, Dec 22 : Breast cancer, the leading cause of mortality among women in India, is being seen as an augmenting factor in the rise in ovarian cancer cases as well, according to medical experts.

Dr M.D. Ray, surgical oncologist at AIIMS, Delhi, says women who have been diagnosed with breast cancer remain at a higher risk of contracting ovarian cancer due to the presence of same gene that triggers both cancers.

“Genes are responsible for cancer. Owing to the rise in the incidence of breast cancer, we have observed that there is a considerable increase in cases of ovarian cancer as well in the past few years. Even at AIIMS there have been many cases where a female patient has been diagnosed with both,” Dr Ray told IANS.

BRCA1 and BRCA2 are human genes that produce tumour suppressor proteins. However, when either of these genes is mutated — meaning it doesn’t function correctly — the damage to the DNA may not be repaired properly. As a result, cells are more likely to develop additional genetic alterations that can lead to cancer.

“There are two types of genes — BRCA1 and BRCA2 — which are responsible for both breast and ovarian cancer. Dysfunction of these two genes increases the chances of getting diagnosed with both the cancers. An individual with breast cancer, therefore, remains at risk of facing ovarian cancer and vice versa,” Dr Ray noted.

“If one has breast cancer, there are 30-35 per cent chances of also having ovarian cancer. And if the person has ovarian cancer, there are 10-15 per cent chances of getting diagnosed with breast cancer,” Dr Mala Srivastava, oncologist, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, noted.

Specific inherited mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 most notably increase the risk of breast and ovarian cancer, but they have also been associated with increased risks of several additional types of the disease like fallopian tube cancer, peritoneal cancer, colorectal cancer and pancreatic cancer.

Women who have inherited mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 tend to develop breast and ovarian cancers at younger ages than those without these mutations.

Although presumed to be more common among women above 50, Dr Ray noted that both breast and ovarian cancer cases are increasing among women below 35 as well.

“This is owing to poor lifestyle habits. And this is not confined to any particular economic class. A sedentary lifestyle further escalates it,” he added.

Since both cancers are related to genetics, medical experts suggested that women should start screening and gene-testing at an early age.

“For, say, if one or two family members had breast or ovarian cancer then all the women in that family should be tested for BRCA 1 and BRCA 2. Secondly, the screening for both breast and ovarian cancer should start early in life. Suppose a woman’s mother had breast cancer at the age of 45, then she should start mammography at the age of 35,” Dr Srivastava pointed out.

In India, however, gene tests are still costly which is why many women fail to get diagnosed in time. Dr Srivastava said that a gene test would cost around Rs 25,000 to Rs 26,000.

“In India, almost 90 per cent patients come to a doctor when in an advanced stage because they don’t get detected at an early stage. The main reason is that the symptoms of ovarian cancers are very vague. Despite all types of high-tech surgeries, the survival rate is less than 30 per cent,” Dr Ray added.

The doctors claimed that if detected early, both cancers are curable.

“Now-a-days, treatment is very good. If a woman diagnosed with breast cancer is detected and treated at an early stage, there are less chances of her having ovarian cancer,” Dr Srivastava explained.

According to a latest ICMR-Lancet report, breast cancer is the leading cancer among Indian women. States like Kerala, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Delhi, Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Haryana were found to have the majority of cases.

The report also stated that ovarian cancer has the sixth-highest incidence rate with the majority in states like Kerala, Delhi, Arunachal Pradesh and Punjab.

(Somrita Ghosh can be contacted at [email protected])

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Union Minister Anurag Thakur says watch the people’s mood on “Goli Maaro” slogan

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New Delhi, Jan 28: BJP leader and Union Minister Anurag Thakur was caught urging a crowd at an election rally in Delhi to chant “goli maaro” (or shoot down traitors) and is now justifying his act saying “First you should watch the entire video… Then you should see the mood of the people of Delhi”.

The video is being examined by the Election Commission as model code of conduct is in place but when every BJP leader including Union ministers, Home Minister Amit Shah and Prime Minister Narendra Modi uses this language for the people of the country what one can imagine about their so called “Nationalism”.

BJP leaders in 2014 begged for votes by promising and selling dreams and now after 5 years and having got another huge mandate now they are literally using the language of shooting down people.

If they are urging the crowd to chant “shoot down traitors’ then what the BJP leaders they must be discussing during their meetings.

It’s a wake up call for the people of India who uses the public as a “fodder to grab power” must be wisely taken care off with the help of votes and with the mighty use of pen.

When asked who he believed were the “traitors” who need to be shot down, a defiant Thakur told reporters, “First you should watch the entire video… Then you should see the mood of the people of Delhi.”

This is not the one example. There are innumerable instances where the BJP leaders including the top leadership were seen indulging in abusing the people of India and the Opposition leaders who were elected by the people.

BJP leader Kapil Mishra, a candidate for the Delhi election, was also heard chanting the same slogan during a march in support of the controversial law.

Mishra was banned from campaigning for 48 hours over the weekend for tweets Delhi Police said were “creating enmity among classes”. He had compared the election to an “India vs Pakistan” clash and described protests like the one at Shaheen Bagh against the citizenship law as “mini-Pakistans” emerging across the capital.

The “Goli Maaro…” slogan was also heard during the attack on students and staff at Delhi’s prestigious Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) earlier this month, in which 34 were injured.

Anurag was campaigning for the BJP candidate in Rithala in North West Delhi for the February 8 Delhi election, can be seen prompting “desh ke gaddaron ko…”, to which the crowd responds “…goli maaro sa***n ko”; the entire chant translates to “shoot down the traitors who betray the country”. The video was taken at a rally on Monday.

Thakur claps his hands as he gets the response he wants.

Several BJP leaders were present at the time. The BJP candidate from Rithala, Manish Chaudhary, was also on stage when the slogan was being chanted. Later, Home Minister Amit Shah arrived and addressed the same rally.

Such poisonous leaders are in the BJP that one must realize the future of the country as Union home minister Amit Shah told the Lok Sabha on August 7, 2019 during the Article 370 abrogation that he can’t put a gun to Farooq Abdullah’s “kanpatti” (temple) and bring him out of his house, after several members expressed concern over the absence of the Jammu and Kashmir leader.

DMK MPs T.R. Baalu and Dayanidhi Maran raised the matter first. Baalu said: “I do not know where or how my colleague Dr Farooq Abdullah is. I do not know whether he is under house arrest or arrested.

BJP MInisters are caught many times lying on camera as well and some ministers intimidate the reporters when they ask questions to them.

Thakur, as junior minister of finance, is part of the team involved in the Union Budget to be announced on Saturday amid a sharp slowdown and worrying growth.

“Disappointing to see a young leader like Anurag Thakur provoking to make such poisonous slogans during electioneering. This seems to be the modus operandi of the entire party,” tweeted Congress leader Abhishek Manu Singhvi.

“When he is done shooting the ‘traitors’, hope the junior Finance Minister of the country will shoot the reasons for the economic slump through the budget,” posted Priyanka Chaturvedi of Shiv Sena.

Apparently targeting the minorities, PM Narendra Modi said that he can identify anti-CAA protesters from the clothes. Home minister Amit Shah referred to Delhi protesters as tukde tukde gang who must be taught a lesson by the people. Prime Minister Narendra Modi accused urban naxals in a speech in Delhi. Minister Giriraj Singh has often exhorted dissenters to ‘go to Pakistan’.

Go to Pakistan,” a senior UP police officer was recently heard telling anti Citizenship (Amendment) Act protesters in Meerut.

Under Modi’s rule in Gujarat , Modi should adopt No, protesters in a democracy are not urban naxals, or tukde tukde gang nor should they be told to go to Pakistan.

IT reminds of the religious riots in 2002 when more than 1,000 people, mostly Muslims, were killed. The violence was sparked by a train fire in the town of Godhra in which 60 Hindu pilgrims died.

But in the present scenario, the polarization is being done with the help of law and amending the Constitution, thus shattering the very soul and spirit of the democratic India.

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Is China suppressing the corona virus infections!

American cities are on high alert as two coronavirus cases are confirmed in Chicago and Washington while 1,000 Americans have been told to evacuate Ground Zero in Wuhan.

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New Delhi, Jan 27: China is facing accusations from the world community of suppressing and playing down the coronavirus outbreak and the scale of infections which some reports say now I as high as 90,000 while the official Beijing figure is just 1,975.

International media reports have said cited a nurse treating coronavirus sufferers in China who claims 90,000 people have already been infected.

A nurse wearing a protective suit and face mask treating the sick in Wuhan has claimed that 90,000 people have already been infected by the coronavirus. However, the nurse’s report has been viewed almost two million times on YouTube. In the footage, she warns people not to go outside and to refrain from celebrating the Chinese New Year.

The animal virus epidemic originated in China, where it has infected more than 1,970 people and killed 56, and has spread worldwide.

International critics are saying that the China is censoring the numbers and sanitising videos from the internet. China’s President Xi Jinping has already warned of ‘grave situation’ as killer coronavirus accelerates.

American cities are on high alert as two coronavirus cases are confirmed in Chicago and Washington while 1,000 Americans have been told to evacuate Ground Zero in Wuhan.

Canadian authorities on Saturday confirmed the first case of coronavirus – a man in his 50s from Toronto.

The countries which have reported these cases include Singapore, Malaysaia, South Korea, Japan, Vietnam, Australia, Nepal, France, Canada, the US, Thailand, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macau.

But the Global Times revealed that vital resources, including masks and goggles, were urgently needed. The accusations of a cover-up echo the furore surrounding the SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) epidemic in 2002 when the government concealed the existence of the illness not just from the outside world but from its own people.

Hong Kong leader Carrie Lam on Saturday declared a virus emergency in the city of 7.3 million, extending school cancellations until February 17 and cancelling all official visits to mainland China.

China has quarantined three cities in an effort to contain the spread of the coronavirus — encompassing a total population of some 35 million people.

Other reports say several cities are under lockdown with a combined population of 47 million including Wuhan, Huanggang, Ezhou, Chibi, Jingzhou, Zhijiang, Qianjiang, Xiantao, Xianning, Huangshi, Dangyang, Enshi, Xiaogan. Jingmen and Shantou.

Reports say that Wuhan continues to be under complete lockdown. Police have been stationed at the borders of Wuhan to block the roads preventing any sort of movement into the quarantined city. The city’s pharmacies have been swamped by people wanting to stock up on medicines.

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Budget, Coronavirus to be key monitorables next week

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Stock Market Down

Mumbai, Jan 26 : The upcoming six-day trading week will keep investors on their toes due to the mega event of presentation of the Union Budget on Saturday. Much of the trading will also depend on the impact of the coronavirus outbreak, which has killed 56 people in China and dimmed the mood of investors globally.

Investors will take their cues most from the fiscal deficit target that the government sets for the next financial year. Amid tax collections falling below target, analysts say that the markets have already priced in the fiscal deficit to breach the target for the current year set at 3.3 per cent of the GDP.

Anindya Banerjee of Kotak Securities said: “Fear of fiscal slippage in the Union Budget has caused an outflow nearly 1.6 billion from the debt market over the past 3 weeks.”

At the same time, relentless intervention from the central bank has not allowed the rupee to appreciate as much as its peers in Asia. These are the major reasons why the rupee has become one of the weakest currencies in Asia, Banerjee added.

While the Economic survey report on Friday will provide further evidence on the extent of economic slowdown in India, expected measures to kickstart the economy in the Union Budget will provide direction to the equity markets, experts say.

Besides, investors will keep an eye during the upcoming week on the quarterly numbers of heavyweights like HDFC, Maruti Suzuki, the Bajaj twins, Bharti Airtel, SBI, ITC, Power Grid, HUL and Tech Mahindra.

Vinod Niar of Geojit Financial Service said that the market direction will depend on the actual budget announcements and the third quarters results, and that the broad market is still very solid in expectation of re-rating of valuations.

“The Q3 result had solid expectations but actual results are marginally below expectation for sectors like IT and banks, leading to cautiousness in the market. We feel that this cautious trend will be maintained in the near-term,” Nair said.

The Indian stock markets will be open for normal trading on February 1, which is a Saturday, when the Union Budget is presented to the Parliament by Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman.

(Ravi Dutta Mishra can be contacted at [email protected])

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