Pakistan is in deep trouble after United States President Donald Trump slammed Islamabad of providing safe havens to terror outfits as there is a growing rift between Pakistan civilian government and country’s military establishment and ISI on the issue of terrorism, policies for neighboring countries, Taliban etc that will make Islamabad a failed state.
Pakistan civilian government desires to maintain good and friendly ties with United States coupled with benefiting from economic, diplomatic ties with China, taking counter terrorism measures and a pro-Taliban policy. Islamabad is trying to implement deradicalization strategy by implementing twenty-point National Action Plan after the December 2014 terrorist attack in Peshawar that killed 132 schoolchildren.
With the help of ISI and Pakistan’s military, terror and jihadist groups are allowed to enter into the political mainstream, thus deradicalising the terror groups. Milli Muslim League President Saifullah Khalid has announced that Hafiz Saeed Jamaat-ud-Dawa (JuD)’s new political outfit MML will contest the 2018 general elections and vowed to implement the ideology of Pakistan in accordance with the 1973 Constitution and the vision of Quaid-i-Azam and Allama Iqbal by joining hands with like-minded parties. Commenting on the ideology of his party, Khalid said, ”We are in favour of an Islamic emirate or caliphate.”
Now the point is there is a huge difference in ideology between Taliban and Islamic State Khorana as ISIS wants Caliphate to be established with no borders while Taliban is no so brutal outfit but wants to establish their rule in Afghanistan and Pakistan by enforcing sharia law.
Inter-Services Intelligence in connivance with Pakistan’ military establishments, Lashkar-e-Taiba, Hafiz Saeed Jamaat-ud-Dawa and other terror groups are engaged in anti-India activities.
Most deradicalization programming is led by the military and is concentrated in the Swat valley.Therefore, Pakistan has become a hub for local and transnational militant groups adhering to violent and radical Islamist ideologies.
Pakistan’s strategy is to support “good Taliban” i.e. Afghan Taliban by Pakistan’s intelligence agency, the Inter-Services Intelligence.The policy which is being followed for decades.
But the theory of deradicalization may boomerang as bringing Saeed into political mainstream may bring in other jihadist groups to enter the political arena of Pakistan thus changing the very nature of the Pakistan government. If Pakistan political parties will have links or emerge from terror organisations then Pakistan will have to face global isolation.
US defense Secretary Jim Mattis said President Donald Trump is prepared to take “whatever steps necessary” against Pakistan if it does not “change its behavior” and continued to support terror groups.
Mattis also warned Pakistan of global “diplomatic isolation” and losing its Non-NATO ally status if it failed to take action against safe havens to terrorists on its soil.
We need to try one more time to make this strategy work with them, by, with and through the Pakistanis, and if our best efforts fail, President Trump is prepared to take whatever steps are necessary,” Mattis said at a House Armed Services Committee hearing.
By: Arti Bali
DISCLAIMER : Views expressed above are the author’s own.