Connect with us


Report : US study reveals cause of preterm births



prematures birth

Washington, Nov 10: U.S. study examined that morethan 100 pregnant women solved the mystery of why babies are born prematurely.

This study was published in the US journal Science Translational Medicine on Wednesday that abnormal calcium deposits in the membranes surrounding the developing foetus as a potential culprit in premature birth, Xinhua news agency reported.

The deposits are early markers of bone formation, which makes the membranes less elastic and more prone to breaking breaks that early, according to the study conducted by Ohio-based Nationwide Children’s Hospital.
“We do see calcium deposits in full term births as well, which is probably part of the normal breakdown of the membranes at the appropriate time,” Irina Buhimschi, Director of the Center for Perinatal Research at the hospital’s Research Institute, said in a statement.
Buhimschi said that membrane are supposed to rupture when labour is underway, because of which too many calcium deposits too early.
Abnormal calcium deposits leads to kidney stones, aneurism and rupture.

The findings suggested that it may be possible to identify pregnancies at greater risk for premature rupture of membranes.
They also submmit that possible interventions to prevent these kinds of prematures births.
“I believe strongly that there are dietary measures that would improve the intra-amniotic environment for these women,” she said.

Wefornews Bureau 


Don’t let your stomach suffer this summer



summer sweating

New Delhi, March 24: With summer comes various issues of the stomach. Not only do the high temperatures make us sweat more, it also reduces our immunity so make sure you eat eating properly this season.

Kirti Chadha, Head of Global Reference laboratories, Metropolis Healthcare Ltd. says: “Summer brings a majority of digestion related illnesses. Considering the rise in temperature every year, it is very important to manage our food habits to avoid stomach illnesses.”

Chadha suggested few tips to keep your stomach healthy this summer:

* Keep yourself hydrated, always: Drinking the good amount of water helps in fighting 90% of the diseases. Fiber present in the body pulls water into the colon and helps the body in creating softer, bulkier stools. This makes the passage of the stools easier without causing fissures or piles.

* Increase fiber intake: Including elements of your diet that’s high in fiber and rich in whole grains, vegetables, legumes, and fruits can improve your digestive tract. A high-fiber diet helps in avoiding constipation which is a leading cause of fissure.

* Avoid Fatty food: Fatty foods, generally, curb the digestive process. It is advisable to avoid intake of fatty substances in your diet during summers.

* Limit coffee: Limiting excessive intake of caffeine as it can give rise to trouble with the smooth functioning of your digestive system, and lead to problems like stomach ulcers, acidity, and heartburn.

Dhrity Vats, Medical Officer, Healthians — an online diagnostic center that offers home service — further explains the digestive disorders that can trouble you this summer.

* Gastroenteritis: This is the most common stomach infections seen across all age groups. Vomiting, blood in motions, watery motions with froth, dehydration, severe pain in the abdomen are the first symptoms and when not treated initially can cause severe damage like dehydration and sometimes even unconsciousness due to weakness.

* Jaundice: A very common infection of the liver which shows symptoms like nausea, itching on skin, bitter tongue, pale look of the face with a yellow coloration of the eye. The Hepatitis A virus attacks the liver which starts producing extra bile. Contaminated water or unhygienic food is the main reason for this infection.

* Typhoid: A high-grade fever with fatigue, weakness, pain in stomach, vomiting and loose motions, headache and rarely body rashes are all symptoms of the Typhoid Fever. This is a water-borne disease, seen very commonly in summers.

* Food Poisoning- This is a typical infection which happens within 6-8 hours of eating contaminated food kept in low levels of hygiene.

Vats further adds few precautions to be safe:

* Avoid eating food from outside during summers. Carry your own water whenever stepping out of the house.

* Eat freshly prepared food. If the food has been cooked prior either boil it or fry it before consuming it.

* If you face any 2 signs of the above-mentioned symptoms, start with lots of fluid like ORS prepared at home with boiled water, coconut water etc. Increase your intake of water and lemon. If the condition worsens, consult your doctor. Get your stomach tested.


Continue Reading


Refrain from dieting, eat regularly to sustain weight loss



muesli breakfast

London, March 24: If you are trying to manage your weight with dieting, you may be wrong, as it can make you fatter. Instead, start eating regularly, suggests a study.

While exercise and healthy eating habits are considered to be the cornerstones of weight management, the new study suggests refraining from dieting and observing regular eating habits could be essential to successful weight management in both women and men.

“Generally speaking, weight management guidance often boils down to eating less and exercising more. In practice, people are encouraged to lose weight, whereas the results of our extensive population study indicate that losing weight is not an effective weight management method in the long run,” said Ulla Karkkainen, a researcher and nutritional therapist at the University of Helsinki in Finland.

“Often, people try to prevent and manage excess weight and obesity by dieting and skipping meals. In the long term, such approaches seem to actually accelerate getting fatter, rather than prevent it,” Karkkainen added.

For the study, published in the journal “Eating Behaviors”, the team included nearly 5,000 young men and women, where the participants answered surveys mapping out factors impacting weight and weight change when they were 24 years of age, and again 10 years later at the age of 34.

Between the ages of 24 and 34, the mean gain in women was 0.9 kg per year, while in men the corresponding gain was one kg.

“Even though dieting may seem a logical solution to weight management problems, it can actually increase weight gain and eating problems in the long run,” Karkkainen noted.

The research findings prove that instead of losing weight, it is more important to focus on eating regular meals, taking care of one’s well-being and finding a more general sense of meaning in life.

Regular and sufficient meals support the natural biological functions of the body and help in managing one’s eating habits and weight management in the long term.


Continue Reading


World TB Day: How a phone call is saving lives of TB patients in India



TB awareness

New Delhi: In a world flooded with technological advancements, can a phone call save lives? This is happening as part of a project developed by software giant Microsoft in India.

The project, named “99DOTS”, which began in 2013 helps patients with Tuberculosis in India get medication adherence and monitoring via missed calls and SMSes.

From a modest pilot involving just 20 patients in early 2014, 99DOTS has enrolled over 93,000 patients in just four years, with 41,000 patients currently under treatment.

“99DOTS is a great example of such a project, where we’ve invented a very simple but unusually effective technology to solve a global health problem. And we are making this technology openly available to the global health community,” Sriram Rajamani, Managing Director, Microsoft Research India, said in a statement.

TB is one of the top 10 causes of deaths globally, with 10.4 million people falling ill with the disease and 1.7 million related deaths reported in 2016 alone.

India leads the count in TB chart even though free and effective medications are available, according to the World Health Organisation.

“One of the biggest barriers to recovery from TB is medication adherence,” Bill Thies, senior Researcher at the Microsoft Researcher India, said in a statement.

“Patients have to take daily drugs for a full six months or else they do not fully recover, and are at risk of developing drug resistance.”

However, “once patients start feeling better after a few weeks, it becomes very difficult to convince them to take toxic drugs for another five months – especially if patients have little or no understanding of germs and antibiotic resistance”, Thies rued.

This is where “99DOTS” project plays a significant role.

In the project, each anti-TB blister pack is wrapped in a custom envelope, which hides a phone number behind the medication.

When a patient dispenses his or her pills, they can see these hidden numbers. After taking daily medication, patients make a free call to the number.

The combination of the call and patient’s caller ID yields high confidence that the dose was “in-hand” and they took it, Thies said.

The team also developed an SMS reminder system for patients. Missed doses trigger SMS notifications to care providers, who follow up with personal or phone-based counselling.

The traditional medication adherence programme “Directly Observed Treatment” or “DOTS” involved the patients going to a healthcare centre where they ingest the medication in front of a health worker.

“99DOTS gives the patients the freedom and ownership of their treatment. They are able to take the medication wherever they are. It also provides them the privacy of not having to visit a health centre,” explained Andrew Cross who was earlier Programme Manager at Microsoft Research and teamed up with Thies to build up 99DOTS.


Continue Reading

Most Popular