Rajiv Ratna Gandhi hold the position of Prime Minister of India at the age of 40 after the assassination of his mother Indira Gandhi.
He was Born on August 20, 1944 in a family that had a great Political command in India. His grandfather Jawaharlal Nehru played a terrific role in freedom fight and became Independent India’s first prime minister While his mother Indira Gandhi was the first and only woman Prime Minister of India.Rajiv completed his schooling from elite Doon School and then studied at University of London at Trinity College, Cambridge in Britain. There Rajiv Gandhi met with an italian student Sonia Maino and fell in love with her. They tied a knot in 1969. Rajiv’s younger brother Sanjay Gandhi stepped in politics and became a trusted lieutenant of her mother Indira Gandhi. In 1980, Sanjay Gandhi died in a plane crash following which Rajiv had to enter politics at the instance of his mother. In 1981, he won the first Lok Sabha election from Amethi. Later he became the General Secretary of the congress Party.Rajiv eldest son Indira and Feroze Gandhi, made a major contribution in modernising India. He had a foresight vision to anaylse that information technology will play a key role in the 21st century and worked actively in his tenure as Prime Minister. He made many efforts to improve relations with other countries like United States relations with India and expanded higher education programs in all over the India.Rajiv Gandhi authorised an extensive police and army campaign against the militants in Punjab. Rajiv’s government suffered a major setback when its efforts to broke peace between the Government of Sri Lanka and the LTTE rebels backfired. According to the peace accords signed in 1987, the LTTE would disarm to the Indian Peace Keeping Force which was sent to Sri Lanka.But distrust and a few incidents of conflict turned out into open fighting between the LTTE militants and Indian soldiers. More than thousand Indian soldiers lost lives and at last Rajiv Gandhi had to pull out Indian forces from Sri Lanka. It was a biggest failure of Rajiv’s diplomacy.Though Rajeev Gandhi promised to curb corruption, he and his party were themselves implicated in corruption scandals. The major scandal being Bofors Gun scandal involving alleged payoffs by the Swedish Bofors arms company.The scandal rapidly tarnished his popularity and he lost the next general elections held in 1989. A coalition comprising government came to the power but it could not last its full term and general elections were called in 1991.On May 21, 1991 while campaigning for elections in Sriperumbudur, Tamil Nadu, Rajiv Gandhi was surrounded by many Congress supporters and well wishers. At around 10 pm, the assassin greeted him and bent down to touch his feet. She then exploded an RDX explosive laden belt attached to her waist-belt. The act of violence was reportedly carried out by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, expressing their resentment over the formation Indian Peace-keeping Force.