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Paris agreement irreversible, assert G20 leaders

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PHOTO: G20 leaders pose for a family photo at the summit in Hamburg, Germany

Hamburg, July 8 : Virtually snubbing the US, the G20 Summit on Saturday said the Paris Agreement on climate change is irreversible.

“The leaders of the other G20 members agree that the Paris Agreement is irreversible. We reiterate the importance of fulfilling the UNFCCC commitment by developed countries in providing means of implementation, including financial resources to assist developing countries with respect to both mitigation and adaption actions in line with Paris outcomes…,” the Summit declaration said.

The Hamburg Action Plan noted the decision of the US to withdraw from the Paris Agreement. “It was unfortunate that the US has left us. But the other 19 heads of government have agreed that the Paris accord is irreversible and the conditions in the agreement need to be implemented. We have agreed on the Hamburg Action Plan on climate change and energy,” host German Chancellor Angela Merkel said at the post-Summit briefing.

“We reaffirm our strong commitment to the Paris Agreement, moving swiftly towards its full implementation in accordance with the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities, and respective capabilities, in the light of different national circumstances and, to this end, we agree to the G20 Climate and Energy Action Plan for Growth as set out in the Annex,” the declaration said.

 

India

Need to exercise freedom with responsibility, says Sadhguru in new book

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Sadhguru Vasudev

New Delhi, Feb 14 (IANS) Everybody should understand the fundamentals of a republic, and when all of us are allowed to say and do what we want, we should exercise that freedom with responsibility, says revered yogi and mystic Sadhguru.

He says that democracy is not perfect, but it “does allow a constant process of course correction”, before adding that on a personal level he refuses to identify with the borders that divide humanity into political entities called nations.

“But a democratic nationhood seems to be the best instrument we have right now. Better a geographical boundary than that of race, religion or ethnicity. Until we achieve the utopian world of absolute unity, which is only achievable by raising human consciousness, a nation is, fortunately or unfortunately, sacrosanct,” he notes.

These observations appear in Sadhguru’s latest book “Flowers on the Path”, published by Penguin Random House India.

The 61-year-old says that a republic is “a congregation of people”, who have come to an agreement of their “oneness, not their sameness”.

He states that as a product of “mutual agreement”, a democratic constitution can only “provoke debate, never a revolt”.

“Those who talk of overthrowing regimes in a democratic society are still feeding on the outdated romance of revolution, a hangover from a past when despots ruled with the power of sword or gun. Such an approach has no place in a society with a constitutionally elected government.”

However, he is quick to point out that his assertions do not mean “passive acquiescence”.

“Every citizen must be encouraged to think, question, challenge and express freely and fearlessly. This is our inviolable right – the basis of a lively democracy,” he says.

He suggests our education system must provide a mature understanding of democratic process so that citizens realise that “democracy spells the rule of institutions, not the caprice of individual whim”.

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NASA’s new space telescope to explore origins of universe

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NASA Earth ICESat 2

Washington, Feb 14 (IANS) US space agency NASA has unveiled a new space telescope that would begin a two-year mission in 2023 to look for life’s ingredients and probe how the universe evolved.

The Spectro-Photometer for the History of the Universe, Epoch of Reionisation and Ices Explorer (SPHEREx) mission is a planned two-year mission, funded at $242 million, and will survey the sky in optical as well as near-infrared light.

“I’m really excited about this new mission,” NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine said in a statement on Wednesday.

“Not only does it expand the US’ powerful fleet of space-based missions dedicated to uncovering the mysteries of the universe, it is a critical part of a balanced science programme that includes missions of various sizes,” he added.

Astronomers will use the mission to gather data on more than 300 million galaxies, as well as more than 100 million stars in our own Milky Way.

“This amazing mission will be a treasure trove of unique data for astronomers,” said Thomas Zurbuchen, associate administrator for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate.

“It will deliver an unprecedented galactic map containing ‘fingerprints’ from the first moments in the universe’s history. And we’ll have new clues to one of the greatest mysteries in science: What made the universe expand so quickly less than a nanosecond after the big bang?”

SPHEREx will survey hundreds of millions of galaxies near and far, some so distant their light has taken 10 billion years to reach Earth.

In the Milky Way, the mission will search for water and organic molecules — essentials for life — in stellar nurseries, regions where stars are born from gas and dust, as well as disks around stars where new planets could be forming.

Every six months, SPHEREx will survey the entire sky using technologies adapted from Earth satellites and Mars spacecraft. The mission will create a map of the entire sky in 96 different colour bands, far exceeding the colour resolution of previous all-sky maps.

It will also identify targets for more detailed study by future missions, such as NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope and Wide Field Infrared Survey Telescope, NASA said.

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Green activists to build a Taj with plastic/polythene waste in Agra

Eco-bricks are made of plastic bottles that are stuffed with polythene bags and sealed.

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Taj mahal

Agra, Jan 22 : Green activists will attempt to construct a Taj Mahal with plastic and polythene waste at the Etmauddaula viewpoint park on the Yamuna river here.

At a workshop here by NGO Unfold Foundation to train activists on making eco-bricks with plastic bottles, members of the River Connect Campaign announced they would work on putting together a model of the Taj Mahal with these building blocks. The efforts could take around six months.

Eco-bricks are made of plastic bottles that are stuffed with polythene bags and sealed.

“This is a highly cost effective waste-control exercise based on common sense. We collect used plastic bottles, pack them with packing material, gutkha pouches and polythene, make the bottles air tight and seal them. The bottles become rock solid and are good enough to last 500 years,” Dr Meeta Kulshreshtha, a surgeon, and coordinator of Unfold Foundation, told IANS.

“If one person can give us one bottle filled with waste material, in one year, we will have 20 lakh such eco-bricks to build any solid structure,” Programme Convener Harvijay Bahia said.

River Connect Campaign member Chaturbhuj Tiwari said: “Every week when we clean a patch of Yamuna riverbed, we gather heaps of polythene and used plastic material. If we can manage to fill all this in plastic bottles and jars, we could not only help solve a major urban problem, but have material ready for a structure to be used by the public. Tree guards, benches and stools are among the products that can be made.”

The Taj city daily generates around a thousand tons of civic garbage, most of it plastic and polythene waste.

“If each household starts filling up bottles with used polythene bags and sliced plastic, we could easily prevent pollution of rivers and water bodies and also avoid choking of drains and sewer lines,” social activist Shravan Kumar Singh said.

(Brij Khandelwal can be reached at [email protected])

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