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New technology may preserve fertility of boys with cancer

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fertility of boys

New York, April 10: US scientists have found a promising way to preserve sperm stem cells that could enable boys to undergo cancer treatment without risking their fertility.

Adult men can have their sperm frozen before undergoing radiation or chemotherapy — cancer treatment that can render sperm infertile.

But boys who have not been through puberty can only have sperm stem cells removed and frozen in anticipation of technology that could culture the cells and place them back in the testes, where they produce sperm after puberty.

“I think it’s going to become the standard by which everybody cultures their cells, including trying to develop conditions for human cells,” said Jon Oatley, Associate Professor at Washington State University.

For the study, published in the journal Stem Cell Reports, the team worked with prepubescent mouse pups and put a fluorescent tag on a gene specific to stem cells, which revealed the process of a stem cell differentiating to create the progenitors that eventually become sperm.

Initially, the stem cells creating energy through one method, called glycolysis, then switching to the second method, called oxidative phosphorylation, which produces free radicals — reactive forms of oxygen that can be particularly harmful to a cell’s DNA.

Thus, the team tried to change the culture environment to favour glycolysis.

By lowering the oxygen in the culture (that is by adding nitrogen to cut oxygen by more than half), the researchers found they could dramatically improve the percentage of stem cells capable of making normal sperm when put back into the testes.

Where before only five per cent of the cells remained viable after six months, now 40 per cent were viable, the researchers noted.

“We’re getting an eight-fold improvement,” Oatley added.

IANS

Lifestyle

Treat your dad to some sweet delights on Father’s Day

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fathers day feature

Whip up some sugar free sweet delights and drinks for your father on Father’s Day on Sunday, suggest experts.

Chef Kunal Kapur and Sohan Singh, Technical Manager, South Asia, PureCircle, have listed a few simple recipes for you to try out:

* Badam Elaichi Shake

* Ingredients:

Milk – 3 cups

Almonds (peeled and chopped) – 1/2 cup

Honey – 1 tablespoon

Cardamom powder – 1/2 teaspoon

Saffron – 5 strands

Vanilla ice cream – 2 scoops (optional)

* Method: Mix all the ingredients and blend in a blender. Froth it up and serve chilled, garnished with almond flakes.

-*-

* Fruit Custard (Sweetened with Natural Sweetener Stevia)

* Ingredients:

Custard Powder – 1 tablespoon

Milk -250 ml

Cold milk – 1 tablespoon

Sugar free green -9.5 scoop

* Method: Combine custard powder and the cold milk in a small cup. Stir until smooth. Place custard mixture, sugar free green and remaining milk in a small saucepan over medium-low heat. Stir constantly until custard comes to a boil and thickens. Simmer and stir for one minute.

Keep the custard in the fridge to cool before adding the fruits. Chop the fruits, once the custard has cooled add the fruits and mix well. Serve garnished with some more fruits and pomegranate arils

-*-

* Yogurt and Fruit Parfaits

* Ingredients:

Muesli -5 teaspoon

Yogurt -100 g

Mango slice – 2

Pomegranate – half cup

Walnut – 4 pieces

Almond – 2 pieces (broken)

Mint leaves- 2-4 leaves

Any other seasonal fruit

Sugar free green – 4 scoops

* Method: Take a glass mug or a long glass. Fill bottom of glass with muesli. In a separate bowl take curd and add sugar free green. Mix them well. Pour half of curd into the glass, and then add fruits. Pour remaining curd in glass and then add dry fruits, and few more fruit. Garnish with mint leaves.

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India

Eid Mubarak! Here’s all you need to know about Eid-ul-Fitr or Meethi Eid

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New Delhi, June 16: Muslims across the world are celebrating Eid ul-Fitr with much fervour and grandeur on Saturday. 

The festival of Eid marks the end of Ramzan, the holy month of fasting in the Islamic calendar when the Quran was first revealed to Prophet Muhammad. Eid marks the first day of the month of Shawwal.

Eid-ul-Fitr, which means ‘festival of breaking of the fast’, is celebrated when the new moon is sighted. Due to this, the festival is sometimes celebrated on different days in different parts of the world and the date varies from year to year.

people-offering-namaz- eid

Celebrations traditionally begin with Chand Raat, the evening before the day of Eid, when people go for Eid shopping. On the morning of Eid, worshippers get up before sunrise to offer Salat-ul-Fajr (daily prayers). After breakfast (since it is forbidden to fast on Eid), they offer prayers at mosques and often at burial grounds to pray for the salvation of departed family members.

Eid-celebrations-

Worshippers wear new clothes on Eid, visit their relatives and friends, and greet each other by saying Eid Mubarak. Sweets and desserts are prepared and distributed, with the chief delicacy being the sewayi – roasted vermicelli cooked in milk and garnished with dry fruits. Unlike Eid al-Adha (which focuses on meat delicacies), Eid-al-Fitr is celebrated with traditional desserts and is also called Meethi Ed.

Meethi-Seviyan eid

This time, the focus is largely on sweet preparations giving the festival its name – Meethi Eid. The month-long Iftar feasting is studded with rich, meaty delicacies. But the final day is all about starting anew, on a sweet note. “Throughout the holy month of fasting, the evening meal is usually very rich and meat dominated, once the Ramzan is closed, the following day is celebrated as Eid by eating something sweet the first thing in the morning. It also signifies starting your routine on a sweet note after a month of abstinence and praying,” shared Chef Osama Jalali, Masala Trail.

A major Indian festival, Eid is observed as a public holiday. It is celebrated with great fervour across the country and especially at major mosques like Mecca Masjid in Hyderabad, Jama Masjid in New Delhi, Dargah Sharif in Ajmer, Hazratbal shrine in Srinagar and Taj Mahal Mosque in Agra.

Eid 2018 charminaar

Sweets and traditional desserts are also distributed and served among friends, family and to the needy as a gesture of sharing and partaking happiness and good luck. There is great emphasis on charity on this day. It is obligatory to donate to the poor and needy before offering prayers. The celebrations often go on for three days.

Eid Mubarak !!

WeforNews 

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Lifestyle

Move closer to God for better sleep quality

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New York, June 14: Finding it hard to get a proper night sleep? A higher religious involvement can reduce stress levels and lead to healthier sleep outcomes, say researchers.

The findings showed that persons with a greater sense of assurance of spiritual salvation tend to enjoy better sleep quality and tend to have fewer negative sleep consequences due to stressful life events and chronic conditions.

It is because higher religious involvement — religious attendance, prayer and secure attachment to God — benefits mental health by reducing stress, promoting social engagement and support from fellow members.

It also provides psychological resources — hope, optimism, sense of meaning — and promotes healthier lifestyles — lower levels of substance abuse, the researchers explained.

“This research is relatively unchartered territory that allows us to better understand the way in which religion and spirituality affect a person’s health and overall quality of life,” said Christopher Ellison in The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA).

Ellison said much of the benefit of perceived spiritual salvation among the faithful is because these persons have lower levels of psychological distress, i.e., feelings of depressed affect and anxiety.

For the study, published in the journal Sleep Health, the team reviewed several large studies of religious involvement and sleep-related outcomes that included people from different age groups and religions.

Religion could decrease psychological distress, substance abuse and stress exposure, which are all associated with sleep outcomes, Ellison said.

IANS

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