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My female representation endorsement of female victory, spirit: Artist Rekha Rodwittiya



Rekha Rodwittiya

Artist Rekha Rodwittiya, whose art is “free, feisty, feminist and more” and yet is the “everyday woman”, consciously placed the female figure at the centre of her work “as an endorsement of female victory”.

An ongoing exhibition here looks back at her repertoire that celebrates collective female histories — and alters the politics of the gaze that rests on women.

Rodwittiya’s exhibition, “[email protected]: Transient Worlds of Belonging”, at the Sakshi Gallery, explores the ideas of womanhood. It does so through the autobiographical lens of the artist, who positions the female form in her work as unrelenting.

“I see the female figure as being emblematic of being a life-giving force through the centuries. The unflinching gaze and the frontal posture of the female protagonist demands that the viewer is obliged to participate and engage with her presence,” the 60-year-old artist told IANS in an email interview.

“Stark and arresting in demeanor, these figures with their unrelenting gaze stand… free, feisty, feminist and more.”

In response to a popular statement made by art historian John Berger on the gender dynamic in artworks — “Men act and women appear” — Rodwittiya said she abhors the “gaze that suggests consumption” and that her attempt is to bring out accountability in the gaze.

Calling herself a proud feminist, Rodwittiya rewinds her life for one to better understand the personal politics that governs her art.

She recalled the nights she spent as a child, listening to her mother and aunts talk about their lives “lived with independence and courage to stand up for what they believed in”, which became the “lullabies” for Rodwittiya’s feminist belonging.

With a non-conformist upbringing, “unfettered by restrictive boundaries of community affiliation and religious” diktat, the artist, born in Bangalore (now Bengaluru), knew from the age of five that she would paint.

She said that, when asked how it feels like to be a woman in India, her answer is that she views herself as “empowered” — an inheritance “precious enough to not be squandered”.

Through her easily-identified, bold style of painting, Rodwittiya brings alive the ordinary through this lens of the cultural self — something especially visible in her 1995 seminal work “Songs From the Blood of the Weary” created for a Geneva exhibition commemorating 50 years of the United Nations.

“As a feminist, it isn’t the theoretical pedagogic that I wish to engage with in my art. My content is culled from the life of the everyday woman… It is through the lives of the ordinary that we best witness any ideology.”

A former student of London’s Royal College of Art, Rodwittiya commends the indomitable spirit of women.

“The female figure as a central image is neither accidental, nor arrived at by chance in my work. It is consciously placed as an endorsement of female victory — as a totemic trophy of the self for the self — to reinforce the embodiment of the female spirit as a vital axis to life itself,” she explained.

On the #MeToo movement rising to a fever pitch in India, the widely-exhibited artist, who has previously argued on social media that “men from cultural spaces of authority, who have behaved sexually inappropriately with women, (be) held accountable”, said the movement is a stage for everyone.

“Power hierarchies of all types must be questioned. The #Metoo movement is everyone’s stage to celebrate this emboldened moment of truth and freedom, through stories of survivors, and to work for the change.

“Sexual harassment and oppression must be viewed as criminal acts and legislation (to deal with this) must not only be structured, but also implemented with visible results for all,” she stated.

[email protected]” will run till November 30.

(Siddhi Jain can be contacted at [email protected])


Heart-health behaviour helps reduce diabetes risk




If you are suffering from diabetes, then following some lifestyle and health factors may prove to be good for your heart and can help prevent disorders, says a new study.

The study showed that individuals who were in the recommended, ideal ranges for at least four of Life’s Simple seven health factors had a 70 per cent lower risk of developing diabetes over the next 10 years.

The Life’s Simple seven health factors include maintaining healthy blood pressure, glucose levels and cholesterol, eating a healthy diet, exercising at least 150 minutes per week, not smoking and maintaining a healthy weight, said the paper published in the journal Diabetologia.

“This research adds to our collective understanding about how physicians can help their patients prevent a number of serious diseases, including heart disease, cancer and now diabetes,” said K. Craig Kent, at The Ohio State University College in the US.

In addition, those in normal blood glucose levels who attained four or more guideline factors had an 80 per cent lower risk of developing diabetes, whereas those who were already diabetic or prediabetic and met four of the factors had no change in lowering their risk for diabetes, said Joshua J. Joseph, Assistant Professor at the varsity.

For the study, the researchers included 7,758 participants and used the American Heart Association’s Life’s Simple seven as a guide for measuring heart health among the group.

“Healthy people need to work to stay healthy. Follow the guidelines. Don’t proceed to high blood sugar and then worry about stopping diabetes. By that point, people need high-intensity interventions that focus on physical activity and diet to promote weight loss and, possibly, medications to lower the risk of diabetes,” said Joseph.

Community outreach is essential to educating people about prevention and helping them start healthy habits.

Furthermore, getting help to quit smoking or finding physical activities and healthy foods can be key to maintaining them long-term and preventing future health problems, the study noted.


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How fasting can improve your overall health




Fasting may not be just a religious or political practice. It may actually protect you against age-related diseases and improve your overall health, researchers say.

The study, led by a team from the University of California-Irvine (UCI), found that fasting affects circadian clocks in the liver and skeletal muscle, causing them to rewire their metabolism, which can ultimately lead to improved health and protection against age-related diseases.

The circadian clock operates within the body and its organs as intrinsic time-keeping machinery to preserve homeostasis in response to the changing environment.

And, while food is known to influence clocks in peripheral tissues, it was unclear until now how the lack of food influences clock function and ultimately affects the body.

“We discovered fasting influences the circadian clock and fasting-driven cellular responses, which together work to achieve fasting-specific temporal gene regulation,” said lead author Paolo Sassone-Corsi, Professor of Biological Chemistry at UCI.

“Skeletal muscle, for example, appears to be twice as responsive to fasting as the liver,” Sassone-Corsi added.

The research, detailed in the Cell Reports journal, was conducted using mice, which were subjected to 24-hour periods of fasting.

While fasting, the mice exhibited a reduction in oxygen consumption (VO2), respiratory exchange ratio (RER), and energy expenditure, all of which were completely abolished by refeeding, which parallels results observed in humans.

“The reorganisation of gene regulation by fasting could prime the genome to a more permissive state to anticipate upcoming food intake and thereby drive a new rhythmic cycle of gene expression. In other words, fasting is able to essentially reprogram a variety of cellular responses,” Sassone-Corsi said.

“Therefore, optimal fasting in a timed manner would be strategic to positively affect cellular functions and ultimately benefiting health and protecting against age-associated diseases.”

This study opens new avenues of investigation that could ultimately lead to the development of nutritional strategies to improve health in humans.


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Scientists decode different ways human face conveys happiness



Kids eating, children snacks

While disgust needs just one facial expression to get its point across throughout the world, happiness has 17 — a testament to the many varied forms of cheer, delight and contentedness, finds a study.

On the other hand, to convey fear humans use three expressions, four to convey surprise, and five each to convey sadness and anger.

The researchers explained that the differences in how our faces convey happiness can be as simple as the size of our smiles or the crinkles near our eyes.

“This was delightful to discover, because it speaks about the complex nature of happiness,” said Aleix Martinez, Professor at The Ohio State University.

“Happiness acts as a social glue and needs the complexity of different facial expressions; disgust is just that: disgust,” Martinez said.

The study showed that humans can configure their faces in thousands and thousands of ways to convey emotion — from anger to sadness to riotous joy — but only 35 expressions are actually similar across cultures.

For the study, published in the journal IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing, the team assembled a list of 821 English words that describe feelings and then used those words to mine the Internet for images of people’s faces.

The words were translated into Spanish, Mandarin Chinese, Farsi and Russian, and plugged into search engines popular in 31 countries across North America, South America, Europe, Asia and Australia to download an equal number of images.

They found approximately 7.2 million images of facial expressions across a variety of cultures.

Based on computer algorithms, the team found that the human face is capable of configuring itself in 16,384 unique ways, combining different muscles in different ways.

The researchers took the 7.2 million images their searches yielded and sorted them into categories, looking for those that expressed emotion across cultures. They found only 35.


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