Narendra Modi,in his first tenure as Prime Minister has transformed Jammu and Kashmir into a conflict zone and this blunder of his, will emerge as a big lesson for the future leaders.
The Narendra Modi government at the centre has created a new form of division or faultline by labelling some regions dominated by Hindus and other by Muslims and then attempting to play one region against another so as to bring disharmony in the state and further in the country as a whole on the basis of religion.
The Modi government at the centre is so power hungry that it has crushed the democracy succeeding in Jammu and Kashmir, more so it is under his leadership that Kashmir issue has been internationalised as is evident by the meetings held between Former Norwegian prime minister Kjell Magne Bondevik and top Kashmiri separatists in Srinagar and with Masood Khan in Pakistan-Occupied Kashmir.
The most important point must be taken into account that India has consistently ruled out any third-party mediation, including by the United Nations or the US, and maintained that Kashmir was a bilateral issue.
Norway’s Prime Minister Erna Solberg came to India and said that the Kashmir dispute between India and Pakistan could not be solved only from a military standpoint, and that popular support was also important.
Solberg said the former PM’s visit to Kashmir was strictly a private one, which did not involve either government and he was invited and he wanted to see if there were some possibilities of helping out but there was no official mission.
It is a very significant development in the troubled state of Kashmir as Norway is known for playing a constructive role in resolving the conflict across the globe and Norway had negotiated peace between the Sri Lankan government and LTTE rebels in 2005.
Bondevik meetings with All Party Hurriyat Conference leaders Syed Ali Shah Geelani and Mirwaiz Umar Farooq reflects that Modi’s muscular policy that has failed to bring normlacy in the state and stoked a fresh wave of armed insurgency in the Valley.
Kashmir has been on the boil since July 2016 when security forces shot protesting civilians heading to the funeral of Burhan Wani, a Hizbul Mujahideen militant , which started another violent chapter in the state as more than 100 killed,over 12,000 injured, 1,000 lost their vision in one eye after being hit by pellets and five were blinded in 2016 .
Consequently, thousands of youth were arrested and voter turnout for srinagar by-election in 2017 plunged to an all- time low (27-year low) of 7.14 per cent of the 12.61 lakh electorate.Further, a repoll in 38 polling stations on April 13 saw only a two percent turnout.
Then sensing trouble for the Saffron party prospects in 2018 and 2019 elections, BJP suddenly ended its alliance with the PDP citing worsening terrorism and violence as reason in the state in June 19,2018,thus bringing the state under the Governor’s rule.The PDP-BJP coalition came to power in Jammu and Kashmir in 2015.
Then the president’s rule was imposed in Jammu and Kashmir on the night of December 19 after a gap of more than two decades is a pointer to the worsening situation in the state.
Allowing “third party mediation”(meeting of Norway representative with kashmiri separatists) in Jammu and Kashmir has drastically affected Modi ‘s image abroad and at home while maintaining aggressive approach in dealing with Kashmir is a palpable loss of control and India’s image abroad at stake. But the Centre appears unperturbed rather home minister Rajnath Singh has promised that India “will see a transformed Kashmir in a year.
Youths which were arrested during 2016 to Sep 2017 were released by Mufti’s initiative so as to start the dialogue between all stakeholders. Mehbooba ordered the withdrawal of acses of stone pelting against 4327 youths.
For the first time in 35 years that the BJP was a coalition partner in the state government.
Sensing malafide activities of Bharatiya Janata Party of wooing PDP MLAs, the PDp chief and former chief minister Mehbooba Mufti who claimed the support of her rival Omar Abdullah and the Congress claimed to form the government while Sajad Lone, whose two-member party was backed by the BJP also claimed to form government.
Governor Satyapal Malik defended his sudden decision to dissolve the Jammu and Kashmir assembly . He claimed unstable government will be formed citing horse trading,treason,impossibility of forming a stable government by the coming together of political parties with opposing political ideologies .
Political parties were suspicion of Governor’s hurried action but he cleared the air, saying, “Had I looked towards Delhi (the centre), then I would have been forced to invite Sajad Lone to form the government. Then I would have gone down in history as unscrupulous. But I ended the whole thing. Those who want to abuse me can do so, but I am convinced I did the right thing.”
Kashmir is Asia’s most dangerous flash points, where a million troops have squared off along the disputed border and infiltration of terrorists have increased many fold and terror outfit Hizbul Mujahideen reportedly held a meeting at the heart of Srinagar city, at Hazratbal Shrine on November 20 attended by terrorists from Hizbul, Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) and Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM) terror groups.
In the absence of policy to govern the state, Jammu Kashmir has caught the international attention due to increased civilian killings and the rise in trend of youth joining terror groups. Chief of Army Staff Gen Bipin Rawat’s statement of implementing the policy of treating terrorists and stone pelters on the same plane has brought forth a new narrative where the militants are being described as Kashmiris.
People in Jammu and Kashmir are hoping for a new government with a new perspective and a better approach to solve the Kashmir issue that can bring normalcy in the state.
Blog: By Arti Bali,