New York, March 23, 2017: Weight-bearing exercises like weight training, walking, and various types of jumps promote men in making their bones strong and healthy, suggests new research.
A harmful protein in the bone called sclerostin can be reduced by regular one year exercise and increase IGF-1, a hormone beneficial in bone growth.
A bit change can help to promote bone formation, increasing bone density in men, said the study published in the journal Bone.
“People may be physically active, and many times people know they need to exercise to prevent obesity, heart disease or diabetes,” said Pamela Hinton, Associate Professor at University of Missouri in Columbia, US.
“However, you also really need to do specific exercises to protect your bone health,” Hinton said.
In the study of Hinton, men between 25-to-60-years-old who were the sufferers of low-bone mass were split into two groups. One group performed regular training exercises such as lunges and squats using free weights and the other group performed different types of jumps, such as single-leg and double-leg jumps.
After 12 months of continous exercises, the levels of bone proteins and hormones in the blood were compared.
“We saw a decrease in the level of sclerostin in both of these exercise interventions in men,” Hinton said.
“When sclerostin is expressed at high levels, it has a negative impact on bone formation. In both resistance and jump training, the level of sclerostin in the bone goes down, which triggers bone formation,” Hinton explained.
The other significant change observed by Hinton due to regular exercise was an increase in the hormone IGF-1.