Mumbai, April 15: India has seen sudden increase of 15 per cent in caesarean sections or caesarean deliveries – a procedure performed only during complicated pregnancies, said by gynaecologists.
C-section cases are increasing both in urban and rural areas due to delayed marriage coupled with lifestyle and environmental factors.
Medical science says vaginal birth is safer than a caesarean birth. Vaginal birth also makes future pregnancies and fertility safer.
According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), until 2010, caesarean sections were limited to 8.5 per cent of all deliveries in India. “But in the last decade or so, the numbers have escalated in many parts of the country, reaching as high as 41 per cent of deliveries in Kerala and 58 per cent in Tamil Nadu,” it said.
Bandita Sinha, gynaecologist and fertility specialist at World of Women said: “The alarming factor is that the recommended level of caesarean deliveries by WHO is 10-15 per cent. The sudden increase in the number of caesarean sections is visible in both urban and rural areas.”
According to Sinha, there are various indications of a caesarean delivery, like contracted pelvis, genital herpes.
“Health of the scar of any previous uterine surgery also determines if the women will have a natural delivery. Foetal distress or prolonged labour, severe hypertension and other medical conditions can affect mother or baby’s health,” said Sinha.