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Kulbhushan Jadhav: India counters Pakistan’s conspiracy in the ICJ

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Kulbhushan Jadhav

India has dragged Pakistan to International Court of Justice  over Kulbhushan Jadhav’s case after Islamabad two star military court framed concocted charges and executed 18 Indians since April 10.Pakistan is deliberately executing Indians in the military courts where there is no scope for any arguments even in military courts and the charges are mostly fabricated  and concocted which are outside the jurisdiction of civil courts. Pakistan is thus engaged in spreading a message that Indian government is involved in promoting spying and terrorist activities to the detriment of Pakistan’s national security.

AS both India  and Pakistan exchanged their heated arguments at the International Court of Justice  at an open hearing  at the Hague in Netherlands over Kulbhushan Jadhav’s case, there are fears that Indian national Jadhav will be executed by Pakistan before  a verdict of the ICJ.

Pakistan  raised the confession statement of Jadhav as a base of its argument  and accused India of using the ICJ for its political theatrics .India termed that the confession of Jadhav was forcibly taken by the military while in captivity and was tried by a military court in Pakistan.

India has accused Pakistan of not following diplomatic norms and dragged Pakistan to ICJ on May 8 for violating the Vienna Convention  by  refusing  New Delhi’s 16 requests of consular access to Jadhav and denying him the right to defend himself.  Arguing before the 11-judge bench at the ICJ, which included former Supreme court Judge Dalveer Bhandari,India’s counsel Harish Salve stressed that not granting consular access and not giving legal representation of Jadhav’s choosing amounted to “miscarriage of justice” and “violation  of his right”  to defend himself from concocted charges in a “farcial trial”. On April 10,Jadhav,a former Indian Navy officer ,was given the death sentence by a military court in Pakistan  for alleged “espionage and subversive activities”.

To which Pakistan stated that the Vienna convention provisions  did not apply to a spy involved in terror activities. Also the International Court of Justice (ICJ) denied permission to Pakistan to play a  six-minute “confessional” video of Jadhav  which India terms as a statement taken forcible in captivity.

India demanded immediate suspension of Jhadav’s death sentence  but Pakistan presented the Kulbhushan Jadhav case as a matter of national security and ICJ’s decision would not apply to “matters related to the national security of Pakistan. Pakistan appears to be in a hurry  to execute Kulbhushan Jadhav and the charges levelled by the military court  includes spying for India, working against Pakistan’s integrity, sponsoring terrorism in the country and attempting to destabilize the state.

The UN committee against torture, in its findings last week, has expressed concerns over Pakistan government “authorizing military courts to try civilians for terrorism related offences.” Meanwhile, the US has urged India and Pakistan to engage in direct dialogue to reduce tension over the death penalty given to Jadhav, “We believe  India  and Pakistan tend to benefit from practical cooperation”.

India has thus timely acted in the International Court of Justice as Pakistan is working on a conspiracy by arresting Indians from neighbouring countries like Iran to build their stance in the international forums that India is involved in destabilizing Pakistan.

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By : Arti Bali

Senior Journalist

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Fun & Frolic: The Topmost Destinations for Your Little Ones!

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Exciting yet frustrating, fun-filled yet a task of sorts; travelling with your little ones can be all this and so much more. That’s why, when the destination itself is interesting, unique and full of happening activities, half the battle is won right there. So starting with Prague and ending at South Africa, here are the amazing, yet largely unexplored, destinations you can plan for in 2018.

A European hotspot and full of charming little lanes and alleyways, Prague is a treasure trove of ancient architecture, brilliant art galleries, exciting neighbourhoods and unique sights such as the Lego museum, coupled with a quaint fairytale ambience. Here, your little ones can befriend the animals at the famous Prague zoo, explore the Petřín, the classic outdoor play area, with a host of exciting sights for little eyes, go for a joy-ride on one of the many trams, experience kiddie nirvana at the Toy Museum and experience the best of international cuisine.

Moving on to Italy, let your little ones’ history books come to life with a tour of the magnificent Colosseum, the legendary ruins of Pompeii and the awe-inspiring Leaning Tower of Pisa. In this fabulously beautiful country, you and your little ones can explore subterranean ruins, breathtaking seaside scapes and towns, gladiator battlefields, thermal pools, coastal caves and so much more. You can also climb a volacano in Sicily or Naples, go on a behind-the-scenes tour of an authentic pizzeria or enjoy a peaceful Venetian boatride. Complete with cultural riches, endless feasts, spectacular landscapes and an unending style quotient, Italy is definitely a destination you cannot ignore.

If Europe is already off your bucket list though, and if you’re in the mood for something more offbeat and exciting, then check out the other-worldly sights of Iceland. Right from the smoking geysers, bubbling mud pots, gigantic waterfalls, live volcanoes, thermal pools and the amazing Northern Lights, Iceland is the perfect option for some unique family fun.

For little ones fascinated by fairytales and magic, the Wizarding World of Harry Potter at Universal Studios, Florida or Disney World is where you should be. Step into majestic Hogwarts, explore Hogsmeade village, enter the magical Diagon Alley, dine at the Leaky Cauldron, ride the thrilling rides at Disney’s Magic Kingdom or have the time of your life at the Animal Kingdom and Hollywood Studios.

Last, but not the least, step into Vietnam and give your kids a chance to experience life as a Viet Cong soldier at the Cu Chi Tunnels, enjoy the vibrant fruit orchards, coconut farms and honey bee hives of the Mekong Delta, get a taste of a bygone era at Angkor Wat and explore the charming lanes and quaint shops of Hanoi.

“As parents, the first thing we think about while making travelling plans is what would work best for our little ones,” says Viren Batra, co-founder of Nirvana Travel. “Most of the time, we tend to go with tried and tested options that we know will work, and shy away from experimenting. But when you know the best child-friendly destinations out there, and have a reliable travel firm on hand, there’s really nothing to stop you from ticking the world off your bucket list.”

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How India has retrograted under Modi’s rule

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Prime Minister Narendra Modi who has set a record of not addressing a single press conference during his three and a half years tenure was seen giving interviews to channels before his departure to Davos and primarily because of the eight Assembly elections that are scheduled for this year.

But Modi was asked comfortable questions and no controversial matters were raised for which people seek answers.
Modi said he should not be judged merely on demonetisation and the Goods and Services Tax. This shows his acceptance that he has been a failure in observing that his decisions will give a boost to economy.

The type of questions that were asked shows that the mainstream media is completely supporting Modi.Modi must answer the 360 degree transformation of India and the crumbling of democratic institutions such as media ,Parliament and the latest victim Judiciary under his rule.

The country has been transformed from an integrated nation to a divided society on the basis of caste and religion(going back to medieval period).Modi should be asked questions like why the community of cow vigilantes have suddenly cropped up under his rule and there have been many incidents of Dalits, Muslim men beaten up on suspicion for possessing beef.These Gau rakshaks groups have never been charged or arrested rather the vigilantes have been acting with impunity .The cow protection groups are linked to Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh and Modi will give a go ahead to each and every move of RSS whether it divides the society or bring cracks in the nation.

There have been innumberable instances when BJP ministers were seen giving controversial or hate speeches.

Dalits are being lynched countrywide and when the elections loom, Modi and BJP leaders start talking praising BR Ambedkar.Modi should be asked about the use of polarisation during elections , the worsening situation in Jammu and Kashmir and the North east .

Domestically, India is suffering with high degree of polarisation, division ,lawlessnes, crime against women,increase in joblesness has increased the graph of crime, high inflation,deepening of poverty.

Modi’s financial reforms have drastically affected the country’s growth as small traders have been virtually wiped out,industries have been shut and agriculture is in dire straits.

Modi is compeletly focussing on FDI for economic growth which is again a faulty decision as the FDI involves return of interest.The foreign companies are not in favour of investment or forging any partnership under “Make in India program citing poor quality and missing the deadlines.

Besides rampant joblessness, Modi’s foreign policy has failed miserably in foreign policy as countries in India’s neighbourhood have knit close ties with China ,thus causing grave concerns for New Delhi.

Modi has attained a mastery in diverting from the main issues and misguiding the people of the country. Modi warned political parties to refrain from the Supreme Court crisis but eventually government was seen meddling in judiciary .

Earlier,the government had tried to influence the appointment and transfer of judges through the National Judicial
Appointment Commission (NJAC) but a five-member constitution bench of the Supreme Court struck down the NJAC by a majority of 4:1 in 2015.

Therfore ,there is face off between the judiciary and the government. Finance minister Arun Jaitley had stated in the Rajya Sabha on May 11, 2016: “The manner in which encroachment of legislative and executive authority by India’s judiciary is taking place, probably financial power and budget making is the last power that you have left.”

PM Modi remained silent in all the issues and he is even tightlipped on the corruption issues that were raised against BJP President AMit Shah’s son.Twenty Aam Aadmi Party legislators from the Delhi assembly were disqualified by President Ram Nath Kovind on Sunday, January 21, following the Election Commission’s recommendation in the office of profit case.

The Aam Aadmi Party has described President Kovind’s decision as ‘unconstitutional’ and ‘dangerous for democracy’.

The Congress sought answer from Prime Minister Narendra Modi when he will dismiss senior cabinet ministers like Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman, Commerce Minister Suresh Prabhu and two junior ministers Jayant Sinha of Civil Aviation Ministry and M J Akbar of External Affairs Ministry for allegedly holding the posts of directors in India Foundation, a think-tank run by NSA Ajit Doval’s son Shaurya Doval.

Last but not the least, Prime Minister who poses to be a clean man, does not shy away to tarnish the image of India’s previous prime ministers. Just to win the elections, the BJP government can go to such low that Modi accused former PM Manmohan Singh of conspiring with former Pakistani foreign ministerto wipe out BJP in Gujarat.

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By: Arti Bali

Senior Journalist

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India’s growing rich-poor divide: Richest 1% gross 73% wealth in 2017

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India’s richest, just 1 per cent of its 1.3 billion people, grossed 73 per cent of the wealth generated in 2017 while the wealth of the poorest half of Indians — some 67 crore — rose by only one per cent, according to a report by Oxfam.

The report, launched on Monday ahead of the gathering of some of the world’s richest at the World Economic Forum here, said the wealth of India’s elite went up last year by Rs 20,913 billion — an amount equivalent to the government’s total budget in 2017-18.

The Davos event is being attended by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Oxfam India has urged him to ensure that the “economy works for everyone and not just the fortunate few” in line with the government’s ‘sabka saath, sabka vikas’ slogan.

“It is alarming that the benefits of economic growth in India continue to concentrate in fewer hands. The billionaire boom is not a sign of a thriving economy but a symptom of a failing economic system,” said Nisha Agrawal, CEO of Oxfam India.

“Those working hard, growing food for the country, building infrastructure, working in factories are struggling to fund their child’s education, buy medicines for family members and manage two meals a day. The growing divide undermines democracy and promotes corruption and cronyism.”

The report, ‘Reward Work, Not Wealth’, has also found that India’s top 10 per cent of population have 73 per cent of the total wealth in the country.

“Indian billionaires’ wealth increased by Rs 4,891 billion – from Rs 15,778 billion to over Rs 20,676 billion,” it said, adding the amount of Rs 4,891 billion was sufficient to finance 85 per cent of the budget on health and education in all Indian states.

It said India added 17 new billionaires last year, raising the number to 101. But 37 per cent of the these billionaires inherited the wealth from their families.

It said 51 billionaires out of the total 101 were aged 65 or above.

“If we assume that in the next 20 years, at least Rs 10,544 billion will be passed on to the inheritors and on that if 30 per cent inheritance tax is imposed, the government can earn at least Rs 3,176 billion.”

This will be sufficient to finance six crucial services — medical and public health, family welfare, water and sanitation, housing, urban development and labour and labour welfare in the country.

The report said at least one in every two workers in the garment sector in India were paid below the minimum wage. By those standards, the report said, “it will take 941 years for a minimum wage worker in rural India to earn what the top paid executive at a leading Indian garment firm earns in a year”.

Oxfam called upon the government to promote “inclusive growth by ensuring that the income of the bottom 40 per cent of the population grows faster than of the top 10 per cent” to close the income gap.

“This can be done by encouraging labour-intensive sectors that will create more jobs; investing in agriculture; and effectively implementing the social protection schemes that exist.”

It said the government must also seal the leaking wealth bucket by taking stringent measures against tax evasion and avoidance.

The income gap can also be reduced by “taxing the super-rich by re-introducing inheritance tax, increasing wealth tax, reducing and eventually do away with corporate tax breaks and creating a more equal opportunity country by increasing public expenditure on health and education”, it said.

The charity said the government must also bring data transparency, produce and make available high quality data on income and wealth and regularly monitor the measures it takes to tackle the issue of rising inequality.

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