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Just 1 hour on treadmill can boost metabolism for 2 days: Study

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New York, Dec 5: A single workout session consisting of three 20-minute treadmill runs could activate neurons that are important regulators of blood glucose levels and energy balance as well as influence metabolism for up to two days, says a study over mice.

The findings showed that a single bout of exercise for mice could boost the activity of energy-burning neurons and inhibit the counterpart one for up to two days and those changes can last longer with more training.

“It doesn’t take much exercise to alter the activity of these neurons,” said Kevin Williams, a neuroscientist at University of Texas Southwestern.

“The study predicts that getting out and exercising even once in a semi-intense manner can reap benefits that can last for days, in particular with respect to glucose metabolism,” he added.

Further, a single workout consisting of three 20-minute treadmill runs caused a decrease in appetite that lasted up to six hours.

“This result may explain at the neural circuit level why many people don’t feel hungry immediately after exercise,” Williams said.

For the study, published in the journal Molecular Metabolism, the team measured the effects of short- and long-term exercise on two types of neurons that comprise the melanocortin brain circuit. Both humans and mice have this circuit.

One of the neuron types is associated with reduced appetite, lower blood glucose levels, and higher energy burning when activated while the other type increases appetite and diminishes metabolism when activated.

The study also provides avenue to research potential treatments to improve glucose metabolism in patients with conditions such as diabetes.

“It is possible that activating melanocortin neurons may hold therapeutic benefits for patients one day, especially for diabetics who need improved blood-glucose regulation,” Williams said.

“This research is not just for improving fitness. A better understanding of neural links to exercise can potentially help a number of conditions affected by glucose regulation,” he noted.

IANS

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State Assembly results rejection of communal polarisation: JIH

However, Muslim Majlis-e-Mushawarat President Naved Hamid viewed the results differently.

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New Delhi, Dec 12 : Prominent Muslim body Jamaat-e-Islami Hind (JIH) on Wednesday said that the results of latest state Assembly elections, in which the BJP has been dethroned in three states, show that people have rejected communal politics.

It said the ruling party should “pay heed to the people’s mandate” and desist from seeking electoral benefits “by demonising minorities and suppressing the marginalised sections” of society.

“The results are a setback to the communal politics. The ruling party tried its level best to polarise the electorate using communal issues but they were flatly rejected by the people of this country who are more concerned about their day-to-day issues of poverty, unemployment, education and health,” JIH Secretary General Muhammad Salim Engineer said.

He added that the people must continue to “reject those who peddle hate” and vote astutely in the parliamentary elections next year.

However, Muslim Majlis-e-Mushawarat President Naved Hamid viewed the results differently.

“I don’t think the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)’s communal politics has lost traction. Though issues like agrarian crisis, unemployment and demonetisation played the major role in the BJP’s defeat, the party is not likely to abandon its Hindutva agenda,” Hamid said.

“Neither do I believe that these results would have any bearing on 2019 Lok Sabha polls,” he added, also giving credit to the Congress party’s election strategy.

In the Assembly polls in five state whose results were announced early on Wednesday, the Congress defeated the BJP in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh — the cow belt states.

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Mushirul Hasan: Man with a mission and a vision – Obituary

He had also served as the Director General of the National Archives of India and the President of the Indian History Congress. Wherever he worked, he gave it a touch of finesse and perfection – his hallmark.

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Tears welled up my eyes, when I was told by my friend, Mohammed Wajihuddin, an eminent columnist, that not a single wreath or even a flower, was laid at the grave of Prof Mushirul Hasan by Jamia Millia Islamia, the institution that the renowned historian and the educationist had nursed as his offspring.

It is shocking to note that Jamia failed to give him the little due at his last resting place – something absolutely unbearable, said, Wajihuddin. Mushir had given the prime of his life to Jamia.

Prof Azra Razzack, who had worked under Mushir in the K.R. Narayanan Center of Dalit Studies and Minorities at Jamia Millia Islamia too felt that the Indian populace didn’t give Mushir his due.

Mushir was an institution in his own self. Having read almost all his books, Razzack said that the one which has stamped its mark on readers of history is that on Jamia Millia Islamia’s contribution in India’s freedom movement “Partners in Freedom: Jamia Millia Islamia”. A thoroughly researched book, it highlights the history of forbearance, companionship and insight within the parameters the historic Jamia Millia Islamia.

It demonstrates how personages lived for and worked towards the attainment of high morals and principles. Razzack thinks a Chair or a building in the name of Mushirul Hasan must be considered by Jamia, where he spent the prime of his life.

Having seen Mushir at close quarters for a number of years, I can state that he was a man of many lives and colours. I had known him for almost three decades. Right from my student days, I was a connoisseur of Mushirul Hasan’s books and lectures since I studied at Delhi University in the 1980s.

Not only was he a man of letters, he lived by each and every word he had written. Being a soft-spoken person, he was known never to hurt even the worst of his critics – a rare quality that Maulana Azad also possessed. Mushir might not live before us in flesh and bbody but the tremendous legacy of historicity he has left for posterity will stamp him as an immortal in the genre of writing books loaded not only with knowledge but most importantly – values and vision.

While manning Jamia Millia Islamia as its Vice Chancellor, Mushir left no stone unturned and brought it on par with the other illustrious institutions like Delhi University, BHU and Calcutta University. During his time, he turned it into a state-of- the-art university besides giving it a designer look.

He had also served as the Director General of the National Archives of India and the President of the Indian History Congress. Wherever he worked, he gave it a touch of finesse and perfection – his hallmark.

Remembering his book, “In Search of Integration and Identity – Indian Muslims since Independence”, M. Atyab Siddiqui, a Muslim thinker and Mushir’s legal advisor for a number of years, stated that he was the architect of the modern Jamia. His legacy of liberal thought and perception for the underprivileged sections of society should be carried forward. It was because of Mushir that in the comity of universities, Jamia carved its niche.

However, Siddiqui was piqued: “Mushir’s mission was to educate the beleaguered Muslim masses in the best manner possible. But it saddens me when today, I note that Jamia is in a pathetic state and requires a visionary like Mushirul Hasan to make it regain its pristine glory.”

The most noteworthy trait of Mushir’s writings was his secular credentials along with his habit of calling a spade a spade. Though the world over, he carved a niche for his books on the vivisection of India. However, his most readable book is on the Nehrus, titled, “The Nehrus – Personal Histories” – his last one.

In it, he has unquestioningly laid out the best of his feelings on Jawaharlal, Indira and Rajiv. Some of the passsages are very touching. Perhaps this seems to be a sequel of “When Stone Walls Cry: The Nehrus in Prison”. As he had a very special place for the Nehrus, he presented them as having a great capacity to gauge the pulse of the times.

Being a suave man of a few words, his magnificence was that each word he uttered had its own music and meaning that the audiences thoroughly acknowledged. Besides, wit and humour were his hallmark.

It would not be an exaggeration to say that Mushir was the son of two universities — Aligarh Muslim University (where he had studied) and Jamia Millia Islamia, that he nursed like his own child. By penning, “Aligarh’s Notre eminent contemporain-Assessing Syed Ahmad Khan’s Reformist Agenda”, Mushir paid his homage to his alma mater.

Mushir was a sensible historian. Once when he was hounded by some zealous elements for having stated that Jamia’s students were giving undue publicity to Salman Rushdie’s “Satanic Verses”, a sub-standard book, by burning it, he was attacked as he was mistaken by the motivated students. Later, he was able to impress upon them and the same people who went for his jugular became his flowers. That was Mushir’s aura and benchmark.

Today, there’s no one to match Mushir when it comes to the understanding of Islam, Muslims and Partition of India. He had told my father, Nooruddin, that the concept of a book on the 1947 Partition came to his mind when he had heard Maulana Azad state that water cannot be cut in twain egging Muslims not to vie for the so called El Dorado (Pakistan). His mammoth work, “Memories of a Fragmented Nation: Rewriting the Histories of India’s Partition” remains unmatched on the topic throughout the world.

We must continue Mushir’s vision and education for a better India.

(Firoz Bakht Ahmed is the Chancellor of Maulana Azad National Urdu University and the grandnephew of Bharat Ratna Maulana Azad. The views expressed are personal. He can be reached at [email protected])

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How to make your room look bigger than it really is

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New Delhi, Dec 8: The struggle of making your small room look bigger is so real for almost all the people. Fitting all the necessary belongings into places with a limited access to space is a tussle. Be it a dorm or an apartment, getting an adequate, big space for living is hard to find these days but not anymore.

Ankur Dhawan, CIO, Proptiger.com, and Snehil Gautam, Marketing Head, Houisng.com, list ways that can help you make any room look bigger than it really is.

* Use light colours: The reflective qualities of light colours are very well known to us. Light colour helps space open up making it light and airy.

bedroom home decor

Try painting the room in only one colour or with different shades of the same colour so that the boundaries between the walls are not well defined which causes your eye to travel up making the ceiling seem higher than it really is. Light colour even simplifies the space making it look clutter less and emphasizes the architecture.

* Clever use of furniture: When you don’t have access to a larger space but need to cram all your worldly belongings into place, all you need to do is choose your furniture wisely.

Home decor colours

Opt for multifunctional furniture and incorporate clever use of contrasts of the furniture with the walls.You can even use built-in furniture to open up a space.

* Let there be light: Nothing makes a room bigger than the allowance of natural lights into your living space. Natural light opens up space and makes a room look bigger and brighter. When you paint your room in light colour and allow the natural light to penetrate into it, it reflects the light which in turn fools your eye into your room looking bigger.

HOME DECOR

Well placed mirrors also play wonders in penetrating the light and making your room bigger and brighter.

* Keep your room clutter less: A room full of trash and clutter makes you feel claustrophobic. One of the major changes you need to incorporate in the process of making your room bigger is the cutting down of the mess.

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Get rid of all the unwanted things you’re not in need of right now and try placing your necessary items in an organized manner.

* Use same colour or small print fabrics: Pick fabrics of the same colour or select small-printed fabrics for your room. If you choose large-printed fabrics, it’ll make your room look smaller and a bit messed up, no matter how well-organized you keep it.

Home decor colours

* Make your ceilings pop with bright colours: Paint your ceilings with brighter colours than that of the walls. This trick keeps your attention towards the ceiling making the ceiling look higher.

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Essentially, keep your interior simple and go for simpler accessories to deceive your eyes into your room looking wider than it really is.

IANS

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