International Day for Tolerance is observed on November 16 every year. The day is intended to build up tolerance among the cultures and peoples. Tolerance is respect for other’s rights and freedom. It is not only a moral duty but also a requirement of the present era. States should legislate for equality and basic human rights for the promotion of tolerance and non-violence. Education is an important tool to pave the path for these desired results.
History of International Day of Tolerance:
The UN General Assembly in 1996 by the resolution 51/95 invited UN Member States to observe the International Day for Tolerance on 16 November. Various activities were organised that are directed towards both educational establishments and the public on a larger scale. It is the initiative of UNESCO in 1993 UN General Assembly to be followed up on the United Nations Year for Tolerance, 1995 proclamation. The UNESCO member states adopted the Declaration of Principles on Tolerance and Follow-up Plan of Action for the Year on November 16, 1995.
Facts about International Day of Tolerance:
- The World Summit that was held in 2005 also documented the outlines of the commitment of the Head of the State and Government to focus on human welfare, freedom, and progress everywhere.
- This was done to encourage, tolerance, respect, dialogue, and cooperation among different cultures, civilisations, and peoples.
- UNESCO developed a prize in 1995, to commemorate the 125th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi and to mark the UN International Day for Tolerance to promote tolerance and non-violence. The Prize was named UNESCO’s-Madanjeet Singh Prize.
- This prize is awarded to significant activities in the scientific, artistic, cultural, or communication fields. Not only this, but it can also be awarded to institutions, organisations, or persons who have effectively contributed to tolerance and non-violence.
- The Prize is awarded every two years on 16 November on International Day for Tolerance. With the award ceremony, the winner is presented with the sum of US$ 100,000.