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Harvard, MIT sue Trump administration over rule that strips visas from international students

Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology filed a lawsuit challenging the proposed new rules for international students as the Trump administration sought to soften the impact of its controversial order.



Donald Trump MSNBC

New York, July 8 : Harvard and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) on Wednesday filed a lawsuit against the Donald Trump administration in the US over its new policy to bar foreign students from staying in the country if their classes are held entirely online.

MIT and Harvard are among the top educational institutes that attract scores of students from across the world, including India.

Filed in the US District Court in Boston, the suit alleged that the policy issued by the US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) failed to provide the public with notice and the opportunity to comment on this rulemaking.

On March 13, the same day that President Trump declared a national emergency, the Student and Exchange Visitor Programme, a division of the Immigration and Customs Enforcement, issued guidance relaxing a cap on online coursework so that international students could continue their academic pursuits at a time when courses were moving remote as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic.

On July 6, even though the government has not ended its declaration of a national state of emergency, ICE rescinded the March 13 guidance, stating that students attending entirely online programmes may not remain in or be allowed to enter the country.

The lawsuit by Harvard and MIT seeks a temporary restraining order prohibiting enforcement of the July 6 directive.

Saying that the directive violates the Administrative Procedures Act, the lawsuit alleged that it also reflects an effort by the federal government to force universities to reopen in-person classes.

Protests erupted both abroad and within the US after the new directive was issued.

The State Department on Monday said that the temporary modifications to the F-1 and M-1 visas for students “will allow a mixture of both in-person and some online coursework to meet the requirements for non-immigrant student status”.

The lawsuit by Harvard and MIT alleged that the July 6 directive violates the Administrative Procedures Act in three ways.

It failed to consider important aspects of the problem before the agency acted, according to the lawsuit which also alleged that the directive fails to offer any reasonable basis that could justify the policy, besides failing to provide the public with notice and the opportunity to comment on this rulemaking.

Under the new July 6 guidance, students attending schools operating entirely online may not take a full online course load and remain in the country.

Additionally, F-1 and M-1 students who were outside the US would not be allowed to enter the country.


Congress leaves Washington with no deal in sight; Trump pushes for more COVID-19 relief



Donald Trump

WASHINGTON, Aug. 15 : US President Donald Trump on Friday pushed for more COVID-19 relief to households and small businesses after congressional lawmakers left Washington D.C. with no deal in sight.

“I have directed the Secretary of the Treasury to get ready and send direct payments of $3400 for a family of four to all Americans, Democrats are holding this up,” Trump said at a press conference, adding he is also ready to send more money to help small businesses hurt by the pandemic, and state and local governments.

Asked by reporters whether he would take unilateral action on these issues or wait for the legislative package, Trump responded: “I’m waiting for the Democrats to approve it, okay?”

Both chambers of Congress have left for their August recesses and are not expected to return until September unless they strike a COVID-19 relief deal.

Negotiations between Democratic leaders and White House officials collapsed last week, with both sides blaming each other for making little progress on the much-needed relief package.

In an attempt to circumvent Congress, Trump last Saturday signed a series of executive orders to extend certain COVID-19 economic relief, but they are unlikely to provide a meaningful boost to the overall economy.

“A closer look at these orders suggests they will have at best marginal economic benefits even if fully implemented, which is questionable given the legality of the orders and the likely court challenges,” Mark Zandi, chief economist of Moody’s Analytics, wrote in an analysis earlier this week.

Zandi estimated that these orders could provide just over 400 billion U.S. dollars in total relief, but the U.S. economy needs a fiscal aid package costing at least 1.5 trillion dollars to avoid falling back into recession, based on simulations of Moody’s macroeconomic model.

After rebounding strongly in May and June, U.S. economic activity has begun to slow since July as some states have paused their reopening plans or re-imposed restrictions on some activities due to the resurgence of COVID-19 cases.

“The resurgence in COVID-19 cases and subsequent pullback in activity have already begun. Delays to aid by Congress will exacerbate the slowdown in August,” said Diane Swonk, chief economist at Grant Thornton, a major accounting firm.

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Middle East

Palestinians protest against normalisation agreement between Israel, UAE




Palestinians protest UAE-Israel deal

GAZA/RAMALLAH, Aug. 14 : Hundreds of Palestinians demonstrated in the West Bank and Gaza on Friday against the United States’ sponsored normalization agreement between Israel and the United Arab Emirates (UAE).

The Islamic Jihad Movement and other Palestinian factions organized the demonstration in Gaza city. Leaders of the factions, including the Hamas movement, joined the protest.

The crowds went out from al-Omari main mosque in Gaza city, waving flags and chanting slogans against the UAE. They marched the main street and gathered at Palestine square in the city’s downtown.

They carried banners writing “Palestine is not for sale” “No for normalization and no for those who lead normalization with the occupation” and “normalization is a knife in the back of the Palestinian people.”

Member of the Islamic Jihad Movement’s political bureau Khaled Al-Batsh renewed the Palestinian people’s condemnation and rejection of the agreement, calling on the UAE to withdraw its recognition of Israel immediately.

Hamas movement leader Mushir al-Masri addressed during the demonstration on behalf of the other factions’ leaders that the Palestinian people described the declaration of the agreement as “a black day for our people and cause.”

“The agreement is a total betrayal of the Palestinian cause and an unpardonable diplomatic action that no one forgives. It is a stab in the back of the Palestinians and gives free services to the occupation,” al-Masri said.

Protests also took place in some West Bank cities.

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CDC forecast projects 200,000 COVID-19 deaths in US by Sept 5

If the United States allowed the coronavirus to spread unchecked in an attempt to try to achieve so-called herd immunity, the “death toll would be enormous,” Anthony Fauci, U.S. top infectious disease expert, warned.



Coronavirus Death US

WASHINGTON, Aug. 14 : A new ensemble forecast published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has projected up to 200,000 total COVID-19 deaths in the United States by Sept. 5.

The projection published Thursday forecast that 4,200 to 10,600 new COVID-19 deaths will be reported during the week ending Sept. 5 and that 180,000 to 200,000 total COVID-19 deaths will be reported by that date.

“State- and territory-level ensemble forecasts predict that the number of reported new deaths per week may increase over the next four weeks in Colorado and may decrease in Arizona, the Northern Mariana Islands, Vermont, and Wyoming,” the CDC said on its forecasting website.

If the United States allowed the coronavirus to spread unchecked in an attempt to try to achieve so-called herd immunity, the “death toll would be enormous,” Anthony Fauci, director of the U.S. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, warned on Thursday.

“If everyone contracted it, even with the relatively high percentage of people without symptoms … a lot of people are going to die,” Fauci said during a live Instagram session.

“Testing continues to fall, especially in the South, one of the areas where the country needs it the most. Cases, too, are falling, which remains hard to interpret, given the testing decline — but fewer people are now in the hospital with COVID-19 than last week,” said a new report of The COVID Tracking Project.

This is the second week in a row that hospitalizations seem to have dropped, which suggests that infections may be declining independently of testing reductions, according to the report.

The number of COVID-19 cases in the United States topped 5.29 million as of Friday afternoon with more than 168,100 deaths, according to a tally by Johns Hopkins University.

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Corona Virus (COVID-19) Live Data

COVID-19 affects different people in different ways. Most infected people will develop mild to moderate illness and recover without hospitalization.