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Half of India’s under-18 population lives in poverty, says Study

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London, June 5 : Around  half of India’s under-18 population lives in acute poverty, unveils a “deeply disturbing” study from Oxford University.

Across the 103 low and middle income countries surveyed, children were found to constitute 34 per cent of the total population, but 48 per cent of the poor, based on a measure that assesses a range of deprivations in health, education and living standards.

The international definition of a child, used in the study, was anyone less than 18 years of age.

“These new results are deeply disturbing as they show that children are disproportionately poor when the different dimensions of poverty are measured,” said Sabina Alkire, Director of Oxford Poverty & Human Development Initiative (OPHI) at the University of Oxford.

The research examined the latest figures for the Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) by age group to analyse the particular situation of 1.8 billion children who live in 103 countries.

MPI complements traditional income-based poverty measures by capturing the severe deprivations that each person faces at the same time with respect to education, health and living standards.

The MPI assesses poverty at the individual level. If someone is deprived in a third or more of ten (weighted) indicators — nutrition, child mortality, years of schooling, school attendance, cooking fuel, improved sanitation, safe drinking water, electricity, flooring, assets — the global index identifies them as “MPI poor”.

The extent — or intensity — of their poverty is measured by the number of deprivations they are experiencing.

According to the OPHI, nearly two out of every five children — a total of 689 million children — are classed as multi-dimensionally poor.

Half of South Asia’s children and two thirds of Sub-Saharan children are multi-dimensionally poor, according to the study.

In 36 countries, including India, at least half of all children are MPI poor.

The condition of children is worse in Ethiopia, Niger and South Sudan where over 90 per cent of all children are MPI poor, according to the study which highlights the challenges that the UN’s new Sustainable Development Goals for the eradication of child poverty face.

“This is a wake-up call to the international community which has adopted the global Sustainable Development Goals and takes seriously Goal 1, the eradication of poverty in all its forms and dimensions,” Alkire said in a news release.

“Children are our future workers, parents and citizen/voters. Investing in them brings benefits now and also in the future,” Alkire added.

IANS

 

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EC yet to rule on complaints against Modi, BJP in Gujarat

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Election Commission
Election Commission

Gandhinagar, Dec 17: The Gujarat election verdict will be delivered on Monday but the Election Commission is still looking into a plethora of complaints against the ruling BJP and Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

The Congress feels that little was happening to all its complaints against the Bharatiya Janata Party while things moved quickly when it came to grievances against others in the fray.

The stock reply of the Gujarat Chief Election Officer (CEO) to all queries is: “We are looking into it.” The CEO’s office could not tell IANS for two days the number of complaints it got for violation of the model code of conduct. The Congress has made 20 applications.

Since the announcement of the Gujarat elections on October 25, the code of conduct came into effect, preventing the government from making any policy announcements related to new schemes and preventing all parties from invoking communal and caste tensions.

The parties were also barred from using official machinery to influence voters.

The key instances of allegations of violation of the code of the conduct were against Modi.

The first was during a public meeting he addressed in Palitana in Bhavnagar district on November 29 where he allegedly incited hatred between the Patidar and Rajput communities over a conflict that occurred more than 30 years ago.

In 1982, three members of the Rajput community of Chomal village near Mangadh were killed and 19 Patels were charged with murder but were acquitted.

In an alleged reprisal in 1984, the Rajputs killed nine Patidars in Mangadh. After that, Mangadh village remained embroiled in caste conflict. But time healed matters and since then the area has seen peace.

But Modi stirred passions: “Gujarat cannot forget those days when (Patidar) farmers were looted by a handful of strongmen (Rajputs) who had the blessings of the Congress. Now it is for the people to decide whether they want those days back. Do you want to bless those who carried out murders of innocents in Mangadh?” He repeatedly asked these questions.

Through the Bhavnagar District Collector, the Gujarat Khedut Samaj filed a complaint against Modi and urged the poll panel that he be banned from campaigning further as he was inciting hatred.

Although Election Commission rules prohibit aggravating existing differences or creating mutual hatred or tension, Gujarat CEO B.B. Swain said: “We are looking into it.”

The rules also bar campaigners and candidates from appealing to caste or communal feelings. Mosques, churches, temples and other places of worship cannot be used for election propaganda.

But at an event at the Vadtal Swaminarayan sect temple on November 4, the chief administrator of the shrine, Maharaj Ghanshyam Prasad Das, appealed to the devotees to vote for the BJP — in the presence of Modi and Chief Minister Vijay Rupani.

Asked about this, Swain said: “The Commission is looking into it.”

But the Commission acted swiftly and issued a notice to the Archbishop of Gandhinagar through the District Collector, asking him to explain the intention and aim in writing a letter in which he asked Christians to organize prayer services so that those elected in Gujarat remain faithful to the Indian Constitution.

Chief Minister Rupani announced a ban on controversial film “Padmavati”. Asked if this not a violation of the code of conduct, Swain said: “The Commission is looking into it.”

The code of conduct clearly states that once elections are announced, ministers and other authorities shall not lay foundation stones of projects or schemes.

But on the last day of campaign on December 12, Modi flew off in a seaplane from the Sabarmati riverfront to Dharoi Dam reservoir to announce the launch of the seaplane service by the central government.

When pointed out that this was a clear violation of the code of conduct, Swain maintained: “The Commission is looking into it.”

In sharp contrast, Congress leader Rahul Gandhi was swiftly slapped with a notice for giving interviews to Gujarati TV channels on the eve of polling for the second and last phase on December 14.

But on the day of polling, Modi, a voter from Ranip in Ahmedabad, while returning from the voting booth, openly displayed his finger during a veritable roadshow.

The Congress complained to the Election Commission. Swain said: “The Commission is looking into it.”

The code of conduct prohibits parties and candidates from canvassing within 100 metres of polling stations.

The Congress complained, backed by video evidence, that an outgoing BJP MLA paid money to voters coming out of a polling booth. Swain’s comment: “The Commission is looking into it.”

The Congress asked the Election Commission to bar three tainted officials from conducting poll duty. One of them, Mahendra Patel, had made personal comments against then Congress President Sonia Gandhi on his Facebook page.

And two police officials were involved in alleged controversial encounter killings and were out on bail — Rajkumar Pandian (and Abhay Chudasama.

Mohan Jha, the Additional Director General of Police and the nodal officer for the Election Commission’s police deployment plan, said: “Since there is no ongoing departmental inquiry against these officials, there is no breach or violation of any rules.”

IANS

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Protests over driver’s death in J&K Army ambush

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Kashmir
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Srinagar, Dec 17: Protests erupted on Sunday in Jammu and Kashmir’s Kupwara district after a civilian driver was killed during an Army ambush the previous day, a police official said.

The victim, Asif Iqbal, was injured when an Army ambush party fired at a vehicle in Thandipora village on Saturday evening following reports about the presence of militants in the area.

“He was hospitalised but succumbed to critical injuries,” the official added.

The protests erupted after residents of Batpora village clashed with the security forces.

The forces used tear smoke to disperse the protesters.

Internet has been suspended across Kupwara.

(IANS)

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Chhattisgarh village gets electricity connections for the first time since independence

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electrification(Representative image)
Electrification (Representative image )

Jokapath village in Balrampur district of Chhattisgarh gets electricity connections for the first time since independence.

According to news agency ANI the Sarpanch of Jokapath village said,”We are very happy now that we finally have electricity in our village, now our children can study well and progress in life.”

Meanwhile Janpad CEO of chhattisgarh,MS Markam, said,”This is a village surrounded by mountains and forest cover. After 70 years people of Jokapath village now have the facility of electricity.”

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