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Guru Nanak: A wandering religious preacher

All gurdwaras worship the holy book of Sikhs, Guru Granth Sahib Ji, which is placed at the high pedestal of worship.




Chandigarh, Nov 10 : “Good conduct is in itself the praise of God.” This is the teaching of the first Sikh master, Guru Nanak Dev, whose 550th Prakash Purb (birth anniversary) falls on November 12.

“The Guru is God, ineffable, unsearchable. He who follows the Guru, comprehends the nature of the universe,” one of his quotes say.

The three guiding principles of Guru Nanak Dev are: eNaam japana, kirat karni, vand chhakana’ i.e. to repeat God’s name, to be ready to engage in the labour of one’s hands and to be willing to share with others what one has gathered are said to be the three principles underlying Sikh ethics and way of life.

The 550th birth anniversary is being celebrated with great devotion and fervour since November 23, 2018, by the Punjab government.

The main function is being held at Sultanpur Lodhi town from November 1 to 12.

Various developmental works worth more than Rs 3,200 crore have been initiated across the state by the government led by Chief Minister Amarinder Singh.

Special projects are being undertaken in 70 villages and towns visited by Guru Nanak Dev, a spokesperson for the government told IANS.

Guru Nanak Dev was the first Guru and founder of Sikhism, a poet, a wandering religious teacher, a social reformer and a householder.

The experience of one God, omniscient, omnipotent, omnipresent, and beyond all form and name, determined every thought and deed of Guru Nanak.

According to state’s government official website dedicated to the celebrations, the social doctrine denying caste which Guru Nanak preached must be seen in the light of his experience of a God before whom all men are equal.

His wanderings should be acknowledged as an attempt to engage in dialogue with others and to spread his belief in one God who teaches tolerance.

Guru Nanak’s later life as a householder should be perceived as his compliance of God’s command to all men to act responsibly within the world.

Finally, the ebani’ Guru Nanak composed and the passing of his eGuruship’ to his successor can only be understood as devotional acts meant to instill among his followers a continued dedication to the God.

Guru Nanak Dev is one of the most travelled persons of his times.

He spent almost 20 years of his life in travelling.

The earliest accounts of Guru Nanak Dev’s travels are mentioned by Bhai Gurdas.

eJanamsakhis’ also provide information relating to his travels.

The ‘Udasis’ (travels) of Guru Nanak Dev began from Sultanpur Lodhi following the bestowal of the divine commission upon him.

In his first long journey, Guru Nanak Dev traversed Haryana, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Odisha and Bangladesh.

In his second leg, he covered areas in the south up to Sri Lanka.

Some historians believe the east and south were covered in one eUdasi’ over an extended period of 12 years.

This appears to be more reasonable as a person who is to visit south need not come back to Punjab to resume his journey for South India.

Some important places associated with Guru Nanak Dev’s visit in Sri Lanka are Batticaloa (Mattiakullam), Kurukul, Madap, Katargama, Nuwara Eliya, Avisvella (Sitawaka), Anuradhapura and Mannar.

The third tour or eUdasi’ of Guru Nanak Dev was towards the interior of the Himalayan region where he visited the Kangra Valley, the Kulu Valley, Western Tibet, Ladakh, Kashmir and West Punjab (Pakistan).

After returning from the Himalayan tour, Guru Nanak Dev spent some time at Talwandi in Punjab and then decided to tour the countries of West Asia.

Wearing a dress of a Muslim devotee, he travelled to Sind, Baluchistan, Arabia, Iraq, Iran and Afghanistan.

According to Janamsakhi of Meharban and Bhai Mani Singh, he also travelled to Palestine, Syria and Turkey.

Some writers extend the range of Guru’s travels to other countries of Central Asia as well.

Some prominent places connected with this tour of Guru Nanak Dev are Multan, Uch, Lakhpat, Hinglaj, Mecca, Medina, Baghdad, Mashad, Herat, Kandhar, Kabul, Parachinnar and Gorakhhatri (Peshawar).

With the completion of his western tour, Guru Nanak Dev finally settled down at Kartarpur Sahib (now in Pakistan).

From Kartarpur, Guru Nanak Dev occasionally undertook short tours within Punjab.

One of them, according to Bhai Gurdas, was to Achal Batala and another to Multan.

According to a post on the government website, the word eGurdwara’, which stands as the amalgamation of the words eGuru’ and eDwara’, has its literal meaning the eGateway to Guru’.

All gurdwaras worship the holy book of Sikhs, Guru Granth Sahib Ji, which is placed at the high pedestal of worship.

Out of the many famous gurdwaras throughout the world, Gurdwara Janam Asthan, also referred to as Gurdwara Nankana Sahib, is a highly revered shrine that was built at the site where the Guru Nanak Dev was believed to be born.

The shrine is located in the city of Nankana Sahib, near the city of Lahore in Pakistan’s Punjab province.

Another highly revered shrine in Pakistan is Gurdwara Sri Darbar Sahib, also called Kartarpur Sahib.

It is situated at Kartarpur in Narowal district of Punjab province.

It is built on the historic site where Guru Nanak Dev settled after his eUdasian’ (missionary travels) and lived for 18 years until his death in 1539.

The shrine is located along the Ravi river.

A corridor which will give round-the-year access to Indian pilgrims to the Kartarpur gurdwara was inaugurated on Saturday.

(Vishal Gulati can be reached at [email protected])


New Mediterranean diet lets you eat meat without any guilt



Mediterranean diet

Sydney, Dec 9 : Researchers have developed a new version of Mediterranean diet that includes meat to cater to Western tastes and also deliver health benefits.

A typical Mediterranean diet includes extra virgin olive oil, fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, legumes, wholegrain breads, pastas and cereals, moderate amount of fish and red wine, and low consumption of red meat, sweet and processed foods.

The new version of the Mediterranean diet includes 2-3 serves (250g) of fresh lean pork each week.

The findings published in the journal Nutrients showed that the Mediterranean-Pork (Med-Pork) diet delivers cognitive benefits.

“The Mediterranean diet is widely accepted as the healthiest diet and is renowned for delivering improved cardiovascular and cognitive health, but in Western cultures, the red meat restrictions of the diet could make it hard for people to stick to,” said Alexandra Wade from University of South Australia.

“By adding pork to the Mediterranean diet, we’re broadening the appeal of the diet, while also delivering improved cognitive function,” Wade said.

This study compared the cognitive effects of people aged 45-80 years and at risk of cardiovascular disease following a Med-Pork or a low-fat diet (often prescribed to negate risk factors for cardiovascular disease).

The results showed the Med-Pork intervention outperformed the low-fat diet, delivering higher cognitive processing speeds and emotional functioning, both markers of good mental health.

“Improving people’s processing speed shows the brain is working well,” Wade said.

“Then, when you add the fact that pork production emits only a fraction of the greenhouse gases compared with beef, and the Med-Pork diet is really ticking all boxes — taste, health and environment,” Wade said.

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1 in 4 married Indians fear cheating: Survey

Suspicion is the highest in Jaipur, Lucknow and Patna, and least in Bengaluru and Pune.



New Delhi, Dec 9 : Insecurity seems to loom large over Indian marriages, as a new survey reveals that 45 per cent of Indians want to check their partner’s phone without their knowledge and 55 per cent have already done it.

As per the Hotstar ‘Out of Love’ survey, the suspicion of infidelity is higher in the India’s north (32 per cent) and east (31 per cent), whereas in the west and south, an average of 21 per cent suspect getting cheated on. Suspicion is the highest in Jaipur, Lucknow and Patna, and least in Bengaluru and Pune.

It added that more than half of Mumbaikars and Delhiites claimed to have checked their partner’s phone without their knowledge. Interestingly, people in love marriages feel the need to pry with the figure touching almost 62 per cent than 52 per cent in arranged marriages.

The report also said that women are more mistrusting than men, since more women than men have checked their spouse’s phone.

“There are various types of infidelity; some that happen out of purely physical needs and some where it is more emotional. Cheating is not planned. It happens because humans have no control over their feelings or emotions. Often, they realize there is a void that they are trying to fill which could be either psychological, emotional or physical,” Ramon Llamba – Life Coach, Therapist and Quantum Medicine Doctor said.

Over the past few years, the definition of ‘an affair’ has evolved beyond the physical aspect of a relationship to now include emotional and social media influence as well. “While 47 per cent claim that physical intimacy is the worst form of cheating, 37 per cent feel that way about emotional infidelity,” the streaming platform said in a statement.

As social media dominates personal time, 16 per cent respondents are bothered by social media infidelity, it added.

For the reasons of cheating, not being good enough is the answer of 1/4 Indians, and 1 out of 5 say their partner might be out of love with them. Other major reasons include boredom, financial and lifestyle problems.

When faced with infidelity, what will India do?

The survey revealed that 78 per cent Indians will boldly confront infidelity, whereas almost half of Indians are willing to forgive their partner’s infidelity. Twenty per cent are also willing to forget.

“Reasons to forgive range from acceptance citing it as a ‘one-time thing’, to kids and future holding prime importance or even feeling societal or family shame. Delhi has one of the higher rates of people who will choose to fight but 5 on 10 Mumbaikars will choose to forgive.”

The survey by Hotstar is in partnership with Mindshare and Unomer, and was carried out with 1,088 married respondents in the age-group on 18-64 years from across metros and Tier 1 towns with an equal female-male ratio.

It comes on the heels of Hotstar Specials’ latest show ‘Out of Love’ that deals with the aftermath of infidelity and the myriad choices that people are faced with.

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Watching porn rewires brain to more juvenile state: Study




porn- addicted-wefornews

London, Researchers have found that watching porn erodes an important region of the brain, rewiring it into a juvenile state.

Studies show people who regularly watch adult entertainment often develop damage to the prefrontal cortex, the brain region that controls morality, willpower and impulse control, according to Rachel Anne Barr, researcher at Canada’s Universite Laval.

The research suggests porn could cause users to struggle with their emotions and impulses, possibly leading to compulsive behaviour and poor decisions, reports

“It’s somewhat paradoxical that adult entertainment may revert our brain wiring to a more juvenile. The much greater irony is that while porn promises to satisfy and provide sexual gratification, it delivers the opposite,” Barr was quoted as saying. 

With the internet, live-action porn became available on demand. And the demand is insatiable, with 33.5 billion hits on Pornhub, the biggest free porn site, in 2018. 

The thirst for increasingly vivid sex scenes within seconds is so strong that it has, in fact, been a major driver behind technological advances, the study said. 

“Science is only just beginning to reveal the neurological repercussions of porn consumption. It is already clear that the mental health and sex lives of its widespread audience are suffering catastrophic effects,” Barr said.

“From depression to erectile dysfunction, porn appears to be hijacking our neural wiring with dire consequences,” Barr added.

According to, Barr and her team has observed porn’s powerful impact on neural wiring, which can affect human behaviour. 

“The properties of video porn make it a particularly powerful trigger for plasticity, the brain’s ability to change and adapt as a result of experience,” Barr said.

“Combined with the accessibility and anonymity of online porn consumption, we are more vulnerable than ever to its hyper-stimulating effects,” she said. 

In the long term, pornography seems to create sexual dysfunctions, especially the inability to achieve erection or orgasm with a real life partner. Marital quality and commitment to one’s romantic partner also appear to be compromised,” she said.

According to the researchers, porn users may start to see porn as a quick fix for their sexual needs, rather than a person. 

‘The desensitisation of our reward circuitry sets the stage for sexual dysfunctions to develop, but the repercussions don’t end there, studies show that changes in the transmission of dopamine can facilitate depression and anxiety,” Barr said.

The other compelling finding in this study is that compulsive porn consumers find themselves wanting and needing more porn, even though they don’t necessarily like it.

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