London, Aug 25: Dogs, cats and other mammals such as and horses can also be affected by food intolerance or allergy, a study has found.
The study showed that pets suffer from both lactose intolerance and outright milk protein allergies.
Some mammals are allergic to certain proteins in wheat, soy, peanuts, tree nuts, fish, eggs and meat.
In the case of dogs, cats or horses, the adverse reactions mostly affect the skin.
While asthma or severe shock reactions triggers of immune response to certain foods and ingredients.
“Not only humans but basically all mammals are susceptible to developing allergies, as their immune system is capable of producing immunoglobulin E,” said author Isabella Pali-Scholl, University of Veterinary Medicine in Vienna.
Because precise knowledge about many mechanisms and triggers for animals have not been sufficiently identified.
The affected animals should be put under elimination diet which consists of removing all sources of protein from diet.
“During this period of diagnosis, the animal will be fed homemade food or diet food prescribed by a veterinarian. Only then, and if there have not been any dangerous allergic reactions before, can ‘normal’ food be gradually reintroduced,” Pali-Scholl suggested.