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Factors contributing to worldwide terrorism and Jihad

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The world leaders have acknowledged global terrorism a grave threat to the world, and specially to those countries where terror groups have sanctuaries as extremists, for their own vested interests, deliberately keep the  youth illiterate so as to make them attracted towards Jihad.

This trend has been witnessed for decades in Pakistan, Afghanistan (where there is rampant poppy cultivation), Middle East countries (for jihad and dictators).

Another factor that contributes to the spreading of violence is creating divisions between religious minorities  and different ethnic groups  and this has been experienced by the countries of Iraq (after U.S. invasion), Syria (with the creation of  rebel groups being targeted for shia-Sunni considerations).

The recent Kurdish referendum for their separate independent state is likely to spark a new war in the region as every country in the region has Kurdish community and governments are opposed to their referendum.

U.S. Defense Secretary Jim Mattis, who is in India for two-day visist has  hit out at countries harbouring terrorists, saying ‘there can be no tolerance of terrorist safe havens’.

In a veiled attack on Pakistan, Jim Mattis said, ”There can be no tolerance of terror safe havens as global leaders India and the United States resolve to work together to eradicate this scourge.”

Both sides took the defence cooperation between the two countries to an optimum level by committing to “dismantle the terror infrastructure” as  India made it clear to the United States it will not send Indian boots to Afghanistan soil, while continuing its developmental & other assistance to the war-ravaged country.

Mattis said, “In particular, we applaud India’s invaluable contributions to Afghanistan and welcome further efforts to promote Afghanistan’s democracy, stability, and security “.

“In the wide-ranging new relationship, security is one of the key strategic pillars, as we work to strengthen our defence relationship. We seek to expand our cooperation in building partnerships across the region,” Mattis said.

Afghan foreign minister Salahuddin Rabbani said that Afghanistan has been suffering due to the terrorism and extremism exported by neighbouring Pakistan across the border for decades.Afghan Minister called on the international community to avoid looking Afghanistan “through the prism of civil war,” but instead start looking at it through another factual situation that exists. “The scourge of terrorism and violent extremism affecting Afghanistan is the product of a long-standing policy by a neighboring State to keep Afghanistan unstable. It has menaced Afghanistan for several decades now, with its roots located in terrorist sanctuaries and safe havens outside of my country,” Rabbani said.

The fourth factor which contributes strongly to the spreading of terrorism across the globe is the ever increasing torture and harrasment of certain sections of the people by their respective governments like ethnic cleansing of Rohingya Muslims by Myanmar government.

Thus apart from United Nations, countries themselves have to be responsible for creating conditions that counter the creation of insurgency through unbiased governance.

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By: Arti Bali

Senior Journalist

DISCLAIMER : Views expressed above are the author’s own.

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Male sex hormones may help treat breast cancer: Study

While endocrine therapy is standard-of-care for estrogen receptor positive breast cancer, resistance to these drugs is the major cause of breast cancer mortality.

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Sydney : Researchers have found new evidence about the positive role of androgens, commonly thought of as male sex hormones but also found at lower levels in women, in breast cancer treatment.

In normal breast development, estrogen stimulates and androgen inhibits growth at puberty and throughout adult life.

Abnormal estrogen activity is responsible for the majority of breast cancers, but the role of androgen activity in this disease has been controversial.

The new research published in the journal Nature Medicine showed that androgens have potential for treatment of estrogen receptor positive breast cancer.

A cancer is called estrogen receptor positive if it has receptors for estrogen, according to Breastcancer.org.

Using cell-line and patient-derived models, the global team, including researchers at the University of Adelaide and the Garvan Institute of Medical Research in Australia, demonstrated that androgen receptor activation by natural androgen or a new androgenic drug had potent anti-tumour activity in all estrogen receptor positive breast cancers, even those resistant to current standard-of-care treatments.

In contrast, androgen receptor inhibitors had no effect.

“This work has immediate implications for women with metastatic estrogen receptor positive breast cancer, including those resistant to current forms of endocrine therapy,” said lead researcher Theresa Hickey, Associate Professor at the University of Adelaide.

“We provide compelling new experimental evidence that androgen receptor stimulating drugs can be more effective than existing (e.g. Tamoxifen) or new (e.g. Palbociclib) standard-of-care treatments and, in the case of the latter, can be combined to enhance growth inhibition,” said Wayne Tilley, Director of the Dame Roma Mitchell Cancer Research Laboratories, Adelaide Medical School, University of Adelaide.

Androgens were historically used to treat breast cancer, but knowledge of hormone receptors in breast tissue was rudimentary at the time and the treatment’s efficacy misunderstood.

Androgen therapy was discontinued due to virilising side effects and the advent of anti-estrogenic endocrine therapies.

While endocrine therapy is standard-of-care for estrogen receptor positive breast cancer, resistance to these drugs is the major cause of breast cancer mortality.

“The new insights from this study should clarify the widespread confusion over the role of the androgen receptor in estrogen receptor driven breast cancer,” said Elgene Lim, a breast oncologist and Head of the Connie Johnson Breast Cancer Research Lab at the Garvan Institute.

“Given the efficacy of this treatment strategy at multiple stages of disease in our study, we hope to translate these findings into clinical trials as a new class of endocrine therapy for breast cancer.”

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Azim Premji and Dr Devi Shetty chosen for PCB awards

Besides them 25 senior journalists have been selected for the ‘Press Club Annual Awards’, a release said.

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Bengaluru, Jan 19: The chairman of Wipro Limited Azim Premji and the founder chairman of Narayana Health Dr Devi Prasad Shetty are among those who have been selected for the annual awards given by the Press Club of Bangalore.

Premji has been chosen for ‘Press Club Person of the Year’, while Dr Shetty and actor-Director Sudeep Sanjeev have been selected for the ‘Press Club Special Award.’

Besides them 25 senior journalists have been selected for the ‘Press Club Annual Awards’, a release said.

Chief Minister B S Yediyurappa will facilitate the awardees at a function scheduled for the third week of February, it said.

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Elizabeth Olsen: Nepotism creates fear that you don’t deserve the work you get

The actress added that she “always had this need to prove myself to everyone around me that I work really hard”, adding: “I couldn’t walk in a room without everyone already having an opinion.”

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Elizabeth Olsen

Los Angeles, Jan 19 : Hollywood star Elizabeth Olsen says she once thought of changing her surname and distance herself from the success of her family because it was insanity growing up in the spotlight.

“It was insanity. There were times when my sisters would always be spotted and I would be in the car with them and it would really freak me out. It has helped me navigate how I want to approach my career,” said the actress, whose older sisters are Mary-Kate Olsen and Ashley Olsen.

The actress added that she “always had this need to prove myself to everyone around me that I work really hard”, adding: “I couldn’t walk in a room without everyone already having an opinion.”

Elizabeth opened up om the fears of nepotism.

“The thing about nepotism is the fear that you don’t earn or deserve the work. There was even a part of me when I was a little girl that thought if I’m gonna be an actress I’m going to go by Elizabeth Chase, which is my middle name. And then, once I started working, I was like, ‘I love my family, I like my name, I love my sisters. Why would I be so ashamed of that?’ It’s fine now,” she said.

The actress said fame has made her more of a homebody.

“Fame has also made me someone who is more of a homebody than maybe I would like to be but I know where not to go. If I could do whatever I wanted for the day, I’d start with the gym, then I’d go to the grocery store, because it’s my favourite thing,” Elizabeth told The Sun.

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