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Depression largely affecting Southeast Asia: WHO

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New Delhi, April 6: Depression is the biggest cause of suicides, and the highest cause of death among 15-29-year olds in Southeast Asia. It is due to state of low mood that can affect a person’s thoughts, behavior and feelings.

The World Health Organization (WHO) called for scaling up of the quality and reach of mental health services to tackle depression.

Depression affects nearly 86 million people in Southeast Asia Region and still untreated, which can lead to suicide.

To treat depression and to prevent untold hardships one should talk openly about the conditions which individual is facing.

“Depression is an issue that needs to be heard. It can affect anyone at any stage of life, impacting relationships, work and social interactions, and impeding our ability to live life to its fullest. Depression can be managed and overcome,” said Poonam Khetrapal Singh, Regional Director, WHO Southeast Asia, in a statement.

April 7 every year is marked as World Health Day and depression has been set as the theme for 2017.

According to WHO, it is more common in experienced by adolescents and young adults, women of childbearing age (particularly following childbirth), and adults over the age of 60 which involves sadness or loss of interest.

The major reasons of depression are sedentary lifestyle among youngsters, infertility is also becoming a major reason for depression.

“It is important to diagnose the symptoms that hinder conception. If a person is experiencing tearfulness, not looking forward to things as much as they used to, have issues with sleeping and/or eating, are not enjoying activities like one did in the past, and are feeling irritable, it is possible that the person is depressed. Women with increased stress hormones are less likely than others to get pregnant.” said Jyoti Gupta, IVF Expert at city based Indira IVF Hospital.

The symptoms of depression includes by significant weight loss, decrease or increase in appetite, sleep disturbances, low energy levels and fatigue, said by Samir Parikh, Director Mental Health and Behavioral Sciences at Fortis Healthcare.

“A depressed individual might experience feelings of worthlessness or excessive or inappropriate guilt, with a difficulty in concentration, difficulty in decision-making, and recurrent thoughts of death,” said Parikh.

Wefornews Bureau

Health

Use of Smartphone before sleep may make your kid obese: Study

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New York, Dec 10: Beware if your children have a habit of playing games on smartphones before sleeping, he or she may face an increased risk of becoming obese, warns a study.

It was discovered kids who used digital devices such as watching TV or playing games on smartphones before going to bed got an average of 30 minutes less sleep in comparison to those who did not.

This lack of proper sleep not only caused fatigue and attention problems in school, but also disrupted their eating habits. This leads to higher body mass indexes (BMI), news agency IANS reported.

“We saw technology before bed being associated with less sleep and higher BMIs,”stated Caitlyn Fuller, researcher at the Pennsylvania State University in the US.

“We also saw this technology use being associated with more fatigue in the morning, which circling back, is another risk factor for higher BMIs. So we’re seeing a loop pattern forming,” Fuller further asserted.

The study, published in the journal Global Pediatric Health, examined the sleep and technology habits of 234 children, between the age of eight to 17 years.

As per the suggestions from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), parents should set some limitations regarding the use of technology, like requiring their kids to put away their devices during meal times and keeping phones out of bedrooms at night.

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Health

How jet lag could increase cancer risk

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cancer

London, Dec 10: Frequent travelling that causes jet lag could increase risk of cancer as it tends to disrupt our body clocks that are controlled by the same mechanism that causes tumors, reveals study.

The findings, reported in the Daily Mail, discovered that internal human body clocks have a major influence on cell multiplication and has the potential to prevent cancer.

“Our internal clock is in sync with external light and dark cues, and prompts people’s behaviour and activity levels,” lead author Angela Relogio from the Charite-Medical University in Berlin, was quoted as saying by Daily Mail.

“Based on our results, it seems to us that the clock is likely to act as a tumor suppressor,” Relogio added.

For the study, published in the journal PLOS Biology, researchers examined a protein known as RAS, which is inappropriately activated in around a quarter of cancerous cells, in mice.

This takes place via two proteins — INK4 and ARF — that are known to conquer cancer.

“One cannot stop wondering whether disrupted circadian timing should be included as a next potential hallmark of cancer,” Relogio asserted.

Changes in the biological clock have also been known to up the risk of heart related diseases and diabetes.

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Health

Discrimination strains relationship, affect health

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couples

New York, Dec 9: Witnessing discrimination of any kind be it race, age, gender or other factors –not only harms the health of but their partner or spouse as well, a study has found.

“We found that when an individual experiences discrimination, they report worse health and depression. However, that’s not the full story – this stress spills over and affects the health of their partner as well,” said William Chopik, Assistant Professor at Michigan State University in the US.

A lot of the harmful effects of discrimination on health takes place because it is damaging to relationships, showed the findings published in the journal Social Psychological and Personality Science, IANS reported.

“When one partner experiences discrimination, they bring that stress home with them and it strains the relationship. So this stress not only negatively affects their own health, but their partner’s as well,” Chopik asserted.

For the study, the researchers examined  nearly 2,000 couples in the US ranging in age from 50 to 94.

The participants observed on instances of discrimination, as well as on their health, depression and relationship strain and closeness.

It didn’t matter where the discrimination came from, Chopik said.

“What matters is that they felt that they were unfairly treated. That’s what had the biggest impact on the person’s health,” he further added.

And that discrimination had a spillover affect on the victims’s spouse or partner.

As people are embedded in relationships, what happens in those relationships affects our health and well-being, Chopik stated.

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