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Cyclone Nada makes landfall, rain likely in coastal Tamil Nadu

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Chennai, Dec 2: As per predictions, Cyclonic storm Nada has further weakened into a depression and is currently making landfall in Nagapattinam and Vedaranyam in Tamil Nadu with 50 km wind speed.

Cyclone Nada on Thursday moved Westnorth-Westwards and became a depression about 40 km East south East of Karaikkal (Puducherry Union Territory), the official lamented. “The cyclone passed off peacefully. (Landfall) through Karaikal (Pondy region) coast at 5 am. Wind velocity down,” Puducherry Lieutenant Governor Kiran Bedi said.

Rainfall is likely at several places in Tamil Nadu, Puducherry and Kerala.

As per ANI reports, upto four cm rain was received in Cuddalore, Nagapattinam and Puducherry.

ANI reported that the deep depression over southwest Bay of Bengal moved westwards with speed of about 10 kmph and crossed north Tamil Nadu coast near Nagapatti.cycloneNada-wefornewsCuddalore Collector Rajesh Kumar informed that, “We have identified, strengthened 41 cyclone relief shelters. NDRF teams have already arrived.”

The deep depression crossed the coast between Cuddalore and Vedaranyam early Saturday morning.

The weakening of the cyclone has brought partial relief to the authorities who have issued a high alert, deploying National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) and State Disaster Response teams, and taking elaborate precautionary steps to battle out any eventuality.

During and before the land fall of the depression, winds gusting upto 55 kmph are likely in coastal regions, he said.

Squally winds speed reaching 40-50 kmph gusting to 60 kmph would prevail along and off Tamil Nadu and Puducherry coasts in the next 12 hours, fishermen were advised not to venture into sea till Friday night.

Holidays had been declared in schools in various coastal districts of Tamil Nadu and Puducherry for Thursday and Friday in the wake of the cyclone threat.

 Wefornews Bureau

Analysis

56% smart cities prone to floods: Report

More than 2,200 cities and towns in India are located in districts which have witnessed at least 11 floods in the last 18 years.

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As much as 56 per cent of smart cities are prone to floods which are responsible for 77 per cent of all disasters in India, a report said on Friday.

The report, based on disaster data between 2000 and 2017, observed that India has a mean of 11 flood events per district over the last 18 years.

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Following floods, other disaster share was cyclone (22 per cent), extreme temperature (11 per cent), landslides (seven per cent) and earthquakes (four per cent). Drought, however, was only one per cent of all disasters.

“Ninety-eight per cent of India’s 642 districts have received at least one flood event,” stated the joint report ‘Decoding the Monsoon Floods’ by NGO SEEDS and Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED) based in the University of Louvain School of Public Health, Brussels.

It said that floods affect over 15 million people every year. Of 15.6 million people affected by floods in India in 2017, over 316,185 were people with disabilities.

“More than 2,200 cities and towns in India are located in districts which have witnessed at least 11 floods in the last 18 years,” the report said.

Further signifying the scale of infrastructure that needs to be secured against the future risks, the findings said that 56 per cent of India’s planned smart cities fall in districts reporting a high number of flood events.

Since 2000, India has faced 215 flooding events both from floods and cyclones. This accounts for 77 per cent of all disaster events.

“Assam is the most flood-prone state, with areas like Lakhimpur reporting over 30 flood events within this period. Even known drought-prone areas of Gujarat and Rajasthan have witnessed more floods than the country’s average in the last 18 years,” said Anshu Sharma, Co-founder and Mentor, SEEDS.

“Unpredictability, urbanisation and invisibility of flood risk are major concerns that need to be addressed urgently,” Sharma added.

Citing the 2015 Chennai floods in Tamil Nadu, the report pointed out how the natural sinks like wetlands, that act as a sponge against floods, had shrunk due to rapid urbanisation, leading to catastrophic results.

“Estimates put the remaining original wetlands of Chennai at just 10 per cent.”

“Concrete encroachment on Cooum River, Adyar River and Buckingham Canal which serve as the main rainwater drains, poorly designed drainage systems and ageing civil infrastructure added to the problem,” the report said.

Debarati Guha-Sapir, Director, CRED, said: “We are witnessing a disturbing trend of a large number of climate induced disasters… The launch of this regional report is a huge step towards better understanding of local nuances of disaster events.”

Suggesting preparations for the 2018 monsoon and cyclone seasons at policy and community levels, the report said that with a scale this huge, informal nature of the losses and limited resources, coping practices at the community level are very beneficial.

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Disaster

A magnitude 7.6 earthquake has struck in the Caribbean Sea north of Honduras.

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EARTHQUAKE

A magnitude 7.6 earthquake has struck in the Caribbean Sea north of Honduras.

There are no early reports of damage on land, but the U.S. National Tsunami Warning Center warns of tsunami dangers in Puerto Rico, Jamaica, other islands and the coast of Central America.

The U.S. Geological Survey measured the quake at a preliminary magnitude of 7.6. The quake struck in the sea Tuesday night about 125 miles north-northeast of Barra Patuca, Honduras, and 188 miles southwest of George Town, Cayman Islands. The tremor occurred about 6 miles below the surface.

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Disaster

Quake of 4.7 magnitude hits Meghalaya

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Earthquake

Shillong, Dec 11 : A moderate intensity quake measuring 4.7 on the Richter Scale today shook Meghalaya but there was no report of any casualty.

Officials at the Regional Seismological Centre here said the epicentre was at a depth of 60 km in remote East Garo Hills district.

The quake, that lasted for a few seconds, occurred at around 9.05 am.

Meghalaya and the seven other north eastern states fall in Zone 5 of the country’s earthquake zoning map.

According to the zoning map, Zone 5 is associated with the highest level of seismicity.

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