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Congenital Heart Disease Often Lead To Mental Illness

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WORLD HEART DAY

More than 1.5 lac infants are born in India annually with congenital heart disease. Around 78,000 infants die of congenital heart disease in India every year.

So What Is Congenital Heart Disease?

Congenital Heart Disease (CHD) is when a child is born with an abnormality in his/her heart. It could be abnormal in the way it’s structured (have parts of the organ missing, have functional problems and/or holes in the chambers. Doctors are often able to diagnose CHD while the child is still in the womb of the mother. CHD is considered to be a life threatening illness and hence can cause emotional turmoil in parents of the child, which in turn affects the psychological development of the unborn child.

Additional alterations immediately after birth for a child can prove to be traumatic, and cause PTSD like symptoms later on in life. For example, a child is often separated from the child’s mother and placed in intensive care immediately after birth, and then they are subjected to invasive medical procedures and tests. An infant with CHD goes through a traumatic event which is often reflected in feeding problems, nightmares and over all behavior of the infant.

According to Dr.Vihan Sanyal, psychotherapist, “Parents of children with CHD can seek the help of a skilled psychotherapist for their children’s psychological health while they are children. This will give the therapist to address the issue early on and help improve the quality of life of the child well into adulthood”

Early stressful experiences of a child can alter the child’s brain development, affect their immune system (the child tends to fall sick more often) and disturb the way a child reacts to stressful events in future life. Studies have proven that children who have been exposed to highly stressful environments early on in childhood often have issues with cognition and in processing of emotions.

Neonatal care, pediatric care, adolescent years and adulthood of a person diagnosed with CHD is often complex and challenging for the person. The psychological impact this creates is profound and can lead to suicide in adulthood if not managed properly.

Dr.Sanyal explains: “Children with CHD have difficulties with motor skills, speech, focus & attention, executive functioning, impulse control, management of emotions and behavior. The change in the structure of the brain and in brain chemistry can tarnish the image a child has of himself. He can quickly form an opinion of himself as being “abnormal”, leading to self esteem issues. It is important for children to be helped by a skilled psychotherapist, who is proficient in dealing with psychological issues of children living with CHD. Timely therapeutic intervention can provide the support a child requires in coping with the emotional challenges of CHD.”

Psychiatric disorders, in particular mood and anxiety disorders are more frequent in Adults with CHD compared to Non-CHD adults.

Life threat to the fetus is an important key factor for emotional disturbance during pregnancy for the parents. It is also an indication of long term psychological disorders faced by the parents of the child with CHD.

Studies have indicated that more than 30% of parents with children who have been diagnosed with CHD show signs of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). 50% of them have shown to have anxiety and depression. More than 80% of these parents have tested positive for psychological stress related disorders.

“MNLP & other modalities of psychotherapy can help the parents of those who have recently been diagnosed with CHD. MNLP can help in building resilience in the parents and equip them to face the challenges which lay ahead without disintegrating emotionally. Hypnotherapy can be used to promote relaxation and to address issues of trauma in the subconscious” Say’s Dr.Sanyal

Contributory Factors While Pregnant Which Can Result In CHD

· Smoking during pregnancy

· Consuming alcohol during pregnancy

· Exposure To Poor Air Quality (pollution)

· Exposure to Toxic Chemicals (Even common household chemicals like toilet cleaners and detergents)

· Exposure to pesticides and insecticides

· Medicines not meant to be consumed during pregnancy

· Obesity in mothers

In addition to the above list, symptoms of anxiety and depression in pregnant women often go undetected and hence, remain untreated. It is also important to mention that a range of symptoms of stress, anxiety and depression, marital harmony and quality of relationship the parents share with each other all have an effect on the fetus’s psychological health.

Dr.Sanyal says: “Many pregnant women of our country are unaware of some of the precautions they need to take during pregnancy. More importantly, they are unaware of the harmful effects the unborn child could face due to their habit and behavior. Many psychological disorders and mental illnesses can be prevented by pregnant women choosing to lead a balanced and a relatively stress free life during their pregnancy.”

Health

What is to be blamed for childhood cancer?

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Childhood cancer
Representative Image , Image Credit : J Pat Carter/AP

A team of researchers has thrown light on the community beliefs about what causes cancer in children, an area which remains understudied, finds a latest research.

“Few childhood cancers are attributed to genetics or environmental factors, so when children are diagnosed with cancer, families often wonder ‘why me/why us’?” said lead author Janine Vetsch, postdoctoral research candidate from UNSW Sydney in Australia.

For the study, the team examined the beliefs of more than 600 participants — parents and childhood cancer survivors — about the causes of childhood cancer, and compared them with beliefs of 510 members of the general population.

Findings, published in Acta Oncologica, revealed that more than seven out of 10 childhood cancer survivors and survivors’ parents believed that chance or bad luck caused the cancer.

This led to most parents and survivors seem to understand that there is nothing they could have done to prevent the cancer, according to Vetsch.

However, around one in five families did believe that environmental factors and genetics played a role, despite only limited available scientific evidence, results further showed.

“It looks like healthcare professionals are successfully helping most families arrive at that view,” said Vetsch.

Such views could lead to stigma. Hence, it is important to increase community knowledge of childhood cancer causes in general.

There is a need to encourage doctors to talk about the causes with affected families to address unhelpful misconceptions,” Vetsch suggested.

IANS

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Health

Does your dental floss contain toxic chemicals?

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Dental Health, Image: Bigstock

New York, Jan 9: Using Oral-B Glide dental floss could contribute to elevated levels of toxic chemicals that can lead to health problems, especially in women, including kidney and testicular cancer, high cholesterol, low birth weight, among others, says a study led by US-based Silent Spring Institute.

In the study, the team measured the presence of 11 different PFAS (per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances) — water- and grease-proof substances — in blood samples of 178 middle-aged women.

The findings, appearing in the Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology (JESEE), showed that women who flossed with Oral-B Glide tended to have higher levels of a type of PFAS called PFHxS (perfluorohexanesulfonic acid) in their body compared with those who did not.

“This is the first study to show that using dental floss containing PFAS is associated with a higher body burden of these toxic chemicals,” said lead author Katie Boronow, a scientist at the institute.

“The good news is, based on our findings, consumers can choose flosses that don’t contain PFAS,” she added.

Further, the team also tested 18 dental flosses (including three Glide products) for the presence of fluorine — a marker of PFAS, all of which tested positive for fluorine. The new findings are consistent with previous reports that Glide is manufactured using Teflon-like compounds.

In addition, the study also showed that women who frequently ate prepared food in coated cardboard containers, such as French fries or takeout, had elevated blood levels of PFAS chemicals.

“Overall, this study strengthens the evidence that consumer products are an important source of PFAS exposure,” Boronow said. “Restricting these chemicals from products should be a priority to reduce levels in people’s bodies.”

Other behaviours that were associated with higher PFAS levels included having stain-resistant carpet or furniture and living in a city served by a PFAS-contaminated drinking water supply.

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Health

How breastfeeding is linked to being a righty or lefty

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Breastfeeding

New York, Jan 9: Are you a leftie or a righty? The duration for which a child is breastfed may determine handedness or the dominant hand, says a research.

The study, from the University of Washington, suggests that the prevalence of left-handedness is lower among breastfed infants.

Children breastfed for longer than nine months were associated with the prevalence for righthandedness.

On the other hand, bottle fed infants were associated with left-handedness.

The reason could be because the region of the brain that controls handedness localises to one side of the brain.

Possibly, breastfeeding optimises this process towards becoming right or left-handed, the researchers explained.

“We think breastfeeding optimises the process the brain undergoes when solidifying handedness,” said Philippe Hujoel, a professor from the varsity.

“That’s important because it provides an independent line of evidence that breastfeeding may need to last six to nine months,” Hujoel added.

For the study, the researchers included 62,129 mother-child pairs.

The findings, published in the journal Laterality: Asymmetries of Body, Brain and Cognition, showed that breastfeeding for less than one month, one to six months, and more than six months, when compared to bottle feeding, was associated with a nine per cent, 15 per cent and 22 per cent decreased prevalence of non right-handedness, respectively.

However, the study does not imply that breastfeeding leads to right-handedness, Hujoel emphasised.

Handedness, whether it be right- or left-handed, is set early in fetal life and is at least partially determined by genetics, he noted.

IANS

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