Connect with us
China Population China Population

World

China’s population to peak to 1.45 bln by 2030

The working age population will gradually drop to 985 million in 2020 and to around 800 million by 2050, he said.

Published

on

Beijing, Mar 12 : China, the most populous country in the world, has said its population will peak to 1.45 billion by 2030 and drop to 1.1 billion towards the end of this century, even as it shrugged off concerns over a declining labour force.

China’s population is expected to peak to 1.45 billion in 2030, then drop to 1.4 billion by 2050 and 1.1 billion by the end of this century, Wang Peian, deputy head of the National Health and Family Planning Commission, said here yesterday.

Dismissing concerns over demographic crisis leading to increasing old age population, he said, “China doesn’t lack in population, not in a few decades, not in 100 years.”

About the concerns over a declining labour force, Wang was quoted by the state-run Global Times as saying that China’s working age population between 15 and 64 years is still a little over one billion and accounts for 73 per cent of the total population.

The working age population will gradually drop to 985 million in 2020 and to around 800 million by 2050, he said.

“Although the total working age population in developed countries in the US and Europe is around 730 million, which is less than our one billion, they have a much higher productivity rate,” Wang said, noting that the drop in workers will be compensated by advances in technology.

Last year, China had relaxed its decades-old rigid ‘one child policy’ amid concerns over rapidly ageing population which has already touched about 220 million and was expected to climb sharply in the coming year.

Wang noted that following the second-child policy, a total of 18.46 million births were recorded across China in 2016.

The number is the largest since 2000 and is two million more than past averages.

Official surveys pointed out reluctance on the part of many women to have a second child over fears that it will affect their career prospects and costs involved in bringing up one more child.

Last month, Wang said China plans to work out a “baby bonus” scheme to provide financial incentives to encourage couples to have a second child.

To address concerns of the people, the government was considering introducing supporting measures including “birth rewards and subsidies” to encourage people to have another child.

In his media interaction on the sidelines of the Parliament here yesterday, Wang said China’s second-child policy applies to some 90 million people but only 28 per cent are likely to have a second child.

Wang said working women, a lack of child care centres across the country and the rising cost of raising a child are factors affecting the policy.

“A majority of Chinese families rely on grandparents to raise children less than 3 years old,” Wang said.

China expects the average yearly number of births to vary between 17 million and 19 million from now to 2020, he said.

World

President Trump orders creation of ‘Space Force’

Published

on

Donald Trump

Washington, June 19 : US President Donald Trump has ordered the creation of a “Space Force”, saying it would be “separate but equal” from the Air Force.

“We must have American dominance in space. Very importantly, I’m hereby directing the Department of Defence and Pentagon to immediately begin the process necessary to establish the Space Force as the sixth branch of the armed forces. That’s a big step,” he said in the White House during a meeting of his National Space Council on Monday.

“We are going to have the Air Force and we are going to have the Space Force: separate but equal, it is going to be something so important,” CNN quoted the President as saying.

In addition to calling for the Space Force, Trump signed Space Policy Directive — 3 on Monday, part of his administration’s push to lead in the space space.

Space Policy Directive — 3 is primarily focused on satellite traffic management and mitigating debris in space. The policy, executive secretary of the National Space Council Scott Pace told reporters, “seeks to address the challenges of a congested space environment”.

“If we’re going to expand the economy in space, we need to make sure it’s done in a sustainable way,” Pace said.

Trump previously floated the idea of adding a “Space Force” branch to the US military — a concept that has received some support on Capitol Hill but drawn scepticism from the Pentagon, CNN reported.

Continue Reading

World

Poll shows 66% of US voters oppose family separations

Published

on

Washington, June 19 (IANS) : Sixty-six per cent of US voters oppose the administration’s controversial policy of separating children from their parents who get caught crossing the country’s border illegally, according to a Quinnipiac University National Poll released on Monday.

Among those polled, 91 per cent of Democratic voters oppose the policy, compared with 35 per cent of Republicans. Only 7 per cent of Democrats surveyed support the policy, while 55 per cent of Republicans support it, reports Xinhua news agency.

The poll comes as pressure is building on Washington to act upon the family separation practice. Some Republicans have joined Democrats in denouncing the “zero tolerance” policy that has led to parents being separated from their children as they are prosecuted for illegal immigration.

According to the Department of Homeland Security, nearly 2,000 children were separated from their families after illegally crossing the US border in April and May.

Half of voters say the Trump administration has been too aggressive in deporting illegal immigrants, as 13 per cent of voters think the White House is not aggressive enough, while 33 per cent of voters believe it is acting appropriately.

Illegal immigrants currently living in the US should be allowed to stay and eventually apply for citizenship, 67 per cent of American voters say. Another 8 per cent say they should be allowed to stay, but not become citizens, and 19 per cent say they should be forced to leave.

Fifty-eight per cent of voters oppose building a wall along the US border with Mexico. The only listed groups to support the wall are Republicans and white voters with no college degree.

Speaking at the White House Monday, US President Donald Trump said the country “will not be a migrant camp and it will not be a refugee holding facility.” He has blamed Democrats for the situation.

The poll, conducted from June l4 to 17, had a margin of error of plus or minus 3.9 percentage points, with 905 voters surveyed nationwide through landlines and cellphones.

Continue Reading

Business

Trump threatens to levy additional tariff on Chinese goods

Published

on

Washington, June 19: US President Donald Trump has threatened China by asking his trade advisers  to levy a 10 per cent tariff on $200 billion  of Chinese goods in a tit-for-tat trade row with Beijing.

Last week Trump announced the US would impose 25 per cent tariffs on $50bn worth of Chinese goods.

Beijing responded by saying it would hit 659 US goods worth $50bn with a similar tax.

The US president released a statement on Monday night saying “these tariffs will go into effect if China refuses to change its practices, and also if it insists on going forward with the new tariffs that it has recently announced”, reports BBC.

“If China increases its tariffs yet again, we will meet that action by pursuing additional tariffs on another $200 billion of goods. The trade relationship between the United States and China must be much more equitable,” he said.

Earlier on Monday, stock markets across the globe fell amid fears of further deterioration of US-China trade relations.

The Chinese product lines that have been hit range from aircraft tyres to turbines and commercial dishwashers.

In response, China announced tariffs on $34bn of US goods including agricultural products, cars and marine products which will also take effect from 6 July.

Tariffs on other US goods will be announced at a later date, the Xinhua news agency reported.

US tariffs that affect more than 800 Chinese products worth $34bn in annual trade are due to come into effect on 6 July.

The White House said it would consult on tariffs on the other $16bn of products, and would apply these later.

The US wants China to stop practices that allegedly encourage transfer of intellectual property – design and product ideas – to Chinese companies, such as requirements that foreign firms share ownership with local partners to access the Chinese market.

However, many economists and businesses in the US say the tariffs are likely to hurt some of the sectors the administration is trying to protect, which depend on China for parts or assembly.

The US announced plans for tariffs this spring, after an investigation into China’s intellectual property practices.

It published a draft list of about 1,300 Chinese products slated for tariffs in April. The list released on Friday was slightly shorter, incorporating feedback and criticism received in the ensuing weeks.

The plans have elicited a mixed political reaction, drawing praise from Democrats and opposition from Republicans, who typically favour free trade policies.(IANS)

Continue Reading
Advertisement

Most Popular