China and India relations have already been deteriorating due to Beijing’s adamant stand on not allowing the United nations to impose sanctions on Pakistan based Jaish-e-Mohammed chief Masood Azhar including designate him as a terrorist and Tibetan spiritual Dalai Lama’s upcoming visit to Arunchal Pradesh and Tawang Monastery has given China an added pretext to warn India of adverse diplomatic consequences and initiate a “geopolitical game” that may involve military.
State media issued a warning saying China with its superior military could enegage in a “geopolitical game” as India’s turbulent northern state (Jammu and Kashmir) borders the country.” If China engages in a geopolitical game with India will Beijing lose to New Delhi?”state-run Global Times said.Dalai Lama’s fifth visit to Tawang means India is questioning One-China policy. There are many Tibetans who are eager to take up arms against the Chinese People’s Liberation Army even though the Tibetan movement has sought to retain the protest peaceful with frequent and tragic self-immolations.
China has been threatening Indian territories in Ladakh’s Chumur (In September 2014, 100 personnel of China’s People’s Liberation Army pitched seven tents in chumur, strategic important post which enables India to keep a vigil inside he occupied territory of Chinese.), In 2015 about 300 Chinese transgressions and incursions took place and in 2016 Chinese troops even intruded in Chamoili district of Uttarakhand besides Arunchal Pradesh.
In the meanwhile, India has also been strengthening its presence along the Line of Actual Control by building airstrips, roads on the 158 mile long Darbuk-Shyok-Daulat Beg Oldie and carried Operation Bunker Bust exercise to ensure Indian Army’s combat readiness to face any eventuality. The Indian Army deployed tank brigade in early 2014 after PLA’s incursions near Daulat Beg Oldie in 2013.
China can harass northeast India by diverting water through dam over Brahmaputra river and instigating insurgencies like the one in 1960s and 70s.
There exists a great level of distrust between India and China due to non demarcation of boundary line, China disputes McMahon Line which India recognizes as the basis for its territorial claim. India claims 43,180 squares km of Jammu and Kashmir occupied by China including 5180 sq Km ceded to China by Pakistan under a 1963 China-Pakistan boundary deal. On the other hand China claims 90,000 sq km of territory in the Indian state of Arunchal Pradesh.
Another source of trouble can arise from water sharing of four major rivers that flow from China to India and India fears that China may construct dams to divert water for their own advantage.
China objected to US envoy Richard Verma ‘s visit to Tawang in India’s Northeast in 2016 and claimed that US’s involvement would further vitiate the dispute.
China has been blocking India’s progress internationally including India’s application for membership to the Nuclear Suppliers group and constructing infrastructure in Pakistan occupied Kashmir for Gwadar .Thus India should formulate a tough foreign ppolicy towards China even by increasing its military preparedness manifold and having an understanding with US and other countries. The US President Donald Trump summit with Chinese President Xi Jinping holds much significance as the outcome of their meeting can include India’s interest.
The United States in 2016 announced that Tawang was indisputably part of India and then Trump first questioned One-China policy and then warned that US can unilaterally tackle North Korea.