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Children’s deaths in Gujarat hospital spotlights state’s malnutrition, infant mortality

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Civil Hospital in Ahmedabad
The Civil Hospital in Ahmedabad, Photo Credit (Express Photo: Javed Raja)

By IndiaSpend Team 

As national attention was focussed on the recent deaths of 18 children over three days in Ahmedabads main civil hospital, officials said most children were underweight and thus vulnerable.

That defence spotlights the fact that Gujarat — which ranks second by industries and fifth by per capita income — is ranked 17th among 29 states on infant mortality and 25th by underweight prevalence among under-five children.

Up to 33 infants die per 1,000 live births in Gujarat, compared to Kerala (12), Tamil Nadu (19), Maharashtra (21) and Punjab (23), according to the Sample Registration System Statistical Report 2015, the latest available data.

Up to 39 per cent of children in Gujarat are underweight — the national average is 35 per cent — compared to 16 per cent in Kerala, 21 per cent in Punjab, 23 per cent in Tamil Nadu and 36 per cent in Maharashtra, according to the National Family Health Survey 2015-16, the latest available data.

Among 29 states, Gujarat is India’s second-most industrialised state by gross valued added, its state gross domestic product is fourth-highest in the country, and it is ranked fifth by per capita income, according to government data.

On underweight prevalence, Gujarat is ranked, as we said, 25th among 29 states — only ahead of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar and Jharkhand.

Smaller states such as Mizoram (11.9 per cent) and Manipur (13.8 per cent) and bigger states such as Kerala (16 per cent), Punjab (21 per cent) and Tamil Nadu (23 per cent) have lower proportions of underweight children.

Gujarat’s infant mortality rate (IMR, or infant deaths per 1,000 live births) is an outlier compared to its economic indicators, as is its under-five mortality rate, by which it ranks 18th, with India’s top five being Goa (13), Kerala (13), Tamil Nadu (20), Maharashtra (24) and Manipur (26).

Gujarat has a per capita income of Rs 122,502 that is almost close to Maharashtra (Rs 121,514) and Kerala (Rs 119,763). However, its child health indicators lag Maharashtra and Kerala on all three parameters — underweight children under five, infant mortality and under-five mortality.

Jammu & Kashmir, with a per capita income of Rs 60,171 – 50 per cent lower than Gujarat — has lower infant mortality (26) and under-five mortality (28).

Nearly 1.08 million Indian children under the age of five years died in 2015 — that is 2,959 deaths every day or two each minute — many of them of causes that were preventable and treatable.

India has reduced its IMR by 68 per cent in the last 41 years from 130 in 1975 to 41 in 2015-16, data from the National Family Health Survey 2015-16 reveal. This is still worse than than poorer neighbours such as Bangladesh (31) and Nepal (29).

The deaths of infants at public hospitals is a nationwide issue, revealing the depth of the crisis in India’s public-health system. This year, 52 infants died over 30 days at Jamshedpur’s Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Medical College hospital in Jharkhand, two weeks after 70 children died at the Baba Raghav Das Medical College Hospital at Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh.

IANS

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National Milk Day: Know history, significance of this day; Interesting facts about milk here

National Milk Day was established in 2014 by the Food and Agriculture Organisation to commemorate Dr. Verghese Kurien, who is considered the father of India’s White Revolution.

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Amul Milk Production

Every year, National Milk Day is celebrated on November 26 across India. The largest milk producing country celebrates this day to demonstrate the importance of milk in everyone’s life. It is worth noting that National Milk Day and World Milk Day are two different events, observed on different dates with different significance.

National Milk Day was established in 2014 by the Food and Agriculture Organisation to commemorate Dr. Verghese Kurien, who is considered the father of India’s White Revolution.

Why is National Milk Day Celebrated?

National Milk Day is celebrated on November 26 all over India, and it was established by the Food and Agricultural Organisation in 2014.

The day is dedicated to honouring Dr. Verghese Kurien, who is considered to be the father of India’s White Revolution. November 26 is also his birth anniversary, which is why this day is even more important as it also highlights his contribution to the country’s dairy farming and production.

First National Milk Day:

The Indian Dairy Association (IDA) in 2014, took the initiative to celebrate this day for the first time. The first National Milk Day was marked on November 26, 2014, in which various milk producers from 22 states participated.

Kerala-born, Dr Verghese Kurien is known as the ‘Milkman of India’ and the father of the 1970s White Revolution. He came with the one billion litre idea of turning a milk-guzzling country into world’s top dairy producer.

National Milk Day: Interesting facts about milk here

Milk is one of the best sources of calcium and the only drink in the world that contains such a large amount of natural nutrients.

Dr Verghese worked towards enabling the country to have its own production centres of milk. His support was crucial in making the Amul girl ad campaign-which is one of the longest-running campaigns for decades.

His accolades include Ramon Magsaysay Award, World Food Prize, Padma Shri, Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan and Wateler Peace Prize.

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Amazon Quiz Answers Today, November 25, 2020: Answer and Win Rs 5000 Pay Balance

Amazon quiz Answers Today, November 25, 2020: The Amazon Quiz for November 25, 2020, is live and today you have the chance to Win Rs 5000 Pay Balance.

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Amazon

Amazon quiz Answers Today, November 25, 2020: The Amazon Quiz for November 25, 2020, is live and today you have the chance to Win Rs 5000 Pay Balance. The trivia quiz gives a chance to users across the country to win exciting gifts every day by answering a set of simple questions.

After giving the right answers to the questions users can win mobile phones, other gadgets, and Amazon Pay Balance. E-commerce giant Amazon never disappoints its users and today’s gift is special for all the online shopping lovers.

Today’s Amazon Quiz Information

Today’s Amazon Quiz Prize: Win Rs 5000 Pay Balance
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Ans- Trent Boult
Q3- Alu, Bittu and Sattu are characters in which recent Rajkummar Rao movie?
Ans- Ludo
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Ans- Jodhpur

How to Play Amazon Quiz Contest Daily?

1. Download the Amazon India App from Google Play Stores or Android App
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Where to find the latest answers for Amazon Quiz?

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India

Ahmed Patel’s role in strengthening Congress will always be remembered: PM Modi

A top strategist of the Congress and a most-trusted ally of its president Sonia Gandhi, Patel (71) died in the early hours of Wednesday.

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Narendra Modi

Condoling the death of senior Congress leader Ahmed Patel, Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Wednesday said his role in strengthening the opposition party will always be remembered.

Patel spent years in public life, serving the society, Modi noted.

A top strategist of the Congress and a most-trusted ally of its president Sonia Gandhi, Patel (71) died in the early hours of Wednesday.

He was admitted to the Medanta hospital in Gurugram and had been critical for a few days. He had contracted COVID-19 and subsequently, developed complications.

“Saddened by the demise of Ahmed Patel Ji. He spent years in public life, serving society. Known for his sharp mind, his role in strengthening the Congress Party would always be remembered. Spoke to his son Faisal and expressed condolences. May Ahmed Bhai’s soul rest in peace,” the prime minister said in a tweet.

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