There will be a nuclear war or peace with North Korea: this question is being raised by leaders of the world, China is taking no chances as it braces for a full-blown crisis in Korean Peninsula while also engaging in diplomacy to resolve the North Korean nuclear issue.
US President Donald Trump has been threatening the reclusive, Communist state that has amassed a powerful nuclear and ballistic weapons arsenal in defiance of U.N. sanctions to give up nukes but Kim Jong Un has been insisting that North Korea would possess the nuclear weapons to defend their sovereignty and right to existence and development in the wake of hostile moves and nuclear threats.
Tensions between US and North Korea have escalated to the highest point in years as President Donald Trump and defiant leader Kim Jong Un are engaged in exchanging provocative statements or rhetoric, there seems less chances of any diplomatic settlement to the Pyongyang’s nuclear and missile issue.
After Trump declared the end to an “era of strategic patience” with North Korea in June this year i.e.2017 consequently North Korea increased missile launches and went ahead with the testing of sixth most powerful Nuclear bomb.
Xi Jinping’s aim is not to join a war over North Korea but is prepared for any eventuality by constructing refugee camps in northeastern provinces, including Jilin and Liaoning near the border, stockpiling of food and barracks are being constructed in a military administered Jilin. But there are other important factors that need to be looked into and analysed, North Korea is having close ties with Pakistan, China and Russia.
First, China has been using North Korea for its strategic purpose and to enhance its stature in the world militarily and helping Pakistan to develop and become economically stronger against India. Pyongyang who had in the past received nuclear technology from Pakistan and Russia, has now upgraded to such a level that there exists a concern for a reverse flow of nuke technology from Pyongyang to Pakistan.
Recently, the U.N. Security Council unanimously approved tough new sanctions against North Korea in response to its latest launch of a ballistic missile that Pyongyang says can reach anywhere on the U.S. mainland.
Meanwhile, the Chinese President has urged countries to act with restraint and work to ease tensions after North Korea called the latest U.N. sanctions to target the country “an act of war” that violates its sovereignty.
On the military front, South Korean and American troops on and near the Demilitarized Zone separating North and South Korea are ready, well-supplied, well-trained and prepared for an armed conflict.
Despite the rhetoric from North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, the North Koreans were carrying on business as usual. On the North Korean side, there are heavy weapons in contravention of the U.N.-brokered armistice signed in 1953. The North kicked out the two armistice guarantor nations — Poland and Czechoslovakia — when the Soviet Union fell.
According to Army Command Sgt. Maj. John W. Troxell there’s 750,000 North Korean troops on the DMZ, out of a more than 1.1 million man and woman force. But they have never undertaken any combined arms maneuver in 20 years. Another important factor is American units are being trained on potential threats, one of which is North Korea’s use of tunnels and Subterranean warfare.
“The international society should keep vigilance against the maneuvers of the gang of Trump to invade and control the DPRK with force by igniting a nuclear war at any cost in the Korean peninsula and clearly see through the ulterior motive behind its repeated talk of dialogue, designed to cover up its evil intention and mock the world,” it added, using the acronym for the country’s official name, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.
In 1993, the Council approved Resolution 825 calling on North Korea to remain in the Nonproliferation Treaty. That didn’t work. North Korea withdrew from the treaty and continued its nuclear pursuit.
In 2006, the Six Party Talks faltered, and North Korea conducted several ballistic missile launches. That led to Resolution 1695 condemning them.
The same year, North Korea conducted its first nuclear test. That led to Resolution 1718, establishing a UN sanctions regime, aiming to stop all nuclear, ballistic missile, and other weapons of mass destruction programs.
After Six Party Talks fell apart again in 2009, North Korea conducted additional missile launches and its second nuclear test. That led to Resolution 1874, which expanded sanctions, including an arms embargo and cargo inspection obligations.
In 2012, the Leap Day Deal failed, and North Korea conducted two new space launches. The Security Council responded with the adoption of Resolution 2087.
Following North Korea’s third nuclear test in 2013, the Council adopted Resolution 2094, expanding sanctions to restrict financial, maritime, aviation, and diplomatic activities.
By 2016, North Korea had conducted its fourth nuclear test and another space launch. They followed that with more missile launches. In response, the Council adopted multiple resolutions expanding sanctions even further, targeting whole sectors of North Korea’s economy.
Finally, this year, the Council got even more serious.
First, we adopted Resolution 2356 designating high-ranking North Korean government officials and the military’s Strategic Rocket Forces Command for individual sanctions. Then, just last month, after the regime’s first two ICBM launches, we adopted Resolution 2371 – the strongest sanctions we have ever imposed on North Korea.
That resolution banned North Korean exports of coal, iron, and seafood, and imposed several other measures that will significantly cut off the revenues needed to fund their nuclear program.
United States and China had already discussed various options of tackling the refugee crisis if a possible military clash breaks out. Tillerson also said the U.S. had assured China that, if American forces invade North Korea across the military demarcation line then “the most important thing to us would be securing those nuclear weapons that have already developed and ensuring that these do no fall in to the hands of wrong hands .”
By: Arti Bali