Aadhar, a surveillance program of Indians by government

The Aadhar project was launched for welfare of the people but it has been transformed into a surveillance program infringing upon the civil liberties of Indian citizens thus endangering freedom.
Aadhar Card Enrollment Center

Aadhar is currently being debated a lot for massive amount of biometric data being breached by the hackers but the most crucial factor is the intrusion into the privacy of Indian citizens that infringes on the civil liberties of an individual from income to expenditure, from financial investments to properties and tracking of the citizens which is unconstitutional.

Aadhar was introduced in 2009 for the sole purpose of transferring the benefits of the government to the beneficiary thus removing the hassles of middle man.But now the Modi government is exploiting the use of Aadhar by bringing the Indian citizens finances under the government scanner. This has instilled fear among the citizens.

The government is incapable of ensuring safety of biometric data and there have been scores of incidents where the massive amount of data was leaked. Modi government compelled to use Aadhaar-enabled Payments System (AePS), and made it mandatory for numerous purposes for bank account, pan card etc.

The Aadhaar project has a vulnerability to identity fraud, even identity theft as fingerprints impressions can be reproduced. For instance a kidnapper can force the hostage for his fingerprints and withdraw the amount from his bank account thus facilitating crime.

Sr Advocate Shyam Diwan submitted that “there are so many regulations and notifications in this case.” Now, the rural population of India is unaware of the loopholes of Aadhar card and there is likelihood of bank fraud.

Another point is that it is also linked with ration so who has not Aadhar cannot take ration because she’s living in a remote area.

The re-verification have also came with all the existing mobile users for stricting the use of money laundering.In India, where several people are unable to afford one meal a day, how they will afford a mobile phone for having the Aadhar card.

There are scores of people who never filed their IT return or opened their bank accounts and neither have Aadhar cards.senior advocates Shyam Diwan argued that Aadhar is also connected with 139AA of income tax act thus connecting your bank accounts, policies and mobile number.

Diwan had argued in the Supreme Court in April 2017 that gathering of biometric information violates bodily integrity Further, the giving of biometrics is associated with crime.

LPG connection, The Jandhan Yojna is also linked with Aadhar. Diwan submitted that “It is also mentioned that the Adhar is voluntary till there is no judgment on it. “Bench said are you going to challenge the Aadhar programme first? Advocate Diwan stated “We have to make it clear that what is the purpose of Aadhar project”

This project can track all the citizens and their activities. Firstly it was voluntary. And state issues a number and those numbers can be accessed by government for tracking citizens and the state is empowered to switch it.

Diwan stated “We are challenging this project because of the collusion of a policy and technology. It is a giant electronic mess.”

The constitution makes a balance between laws and life of citizens but the Aadhar creates a mess between all this. Even banking is also connected so government can track our money expenditure and all.

There are some points which is there:
*Tracking banking and expenditure
*Right to privacy
*Identification of personal things like iris and fingerprints
*Adhar database is secure or not for national security

The Aadhar project was launched for welfare of the people but it has been transformed into a surveillance program infringing upon the civil liberties of Indian citizens thus endangering freedom. First, Modi government tarnished the country’s image by saying that demonetisation will hurt the black money owners, in a way showing that corrupt money is in circulation in India itself and not stashed abroad in safe havens. Now, Aadhar is being used to scrutinize Indians.

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By: Arti Bali

Senior Journalist

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